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S3 4 manas biswal

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  • 1. Developing a Women-Led Replicable Model on WASH: Experience from Odisha Manas Kumar Biswal State Programme Officer Regional Centre for Development Cooperation National Conference on Women-led Water Management: Strategies towards water sustainability in rural India November 5-6, 2012, Gurgaon, India
  • 2. Odisha: Statistics vs. Reality About 38.54 percent of households in rural Odisha have to travel more than 500 meters to get water 85.9 percent population• 300913 tube wells living in rural areas do• 10419 sanitary wells not have latrine• 7462 piped water supply -Latest census report of Housing projects and Household Amenities (up to 1st March 2012)One spot source for 112 persons And what this indicates ???
  • 3. Project: ‘Developing Replicable Model on Drinking Water andSanitation and Advocacy for Wider Replication’Area: 30 PanchayatsNo. of beneficiaries: 167339 (Men- 86205, Women- 81134) Programme strategy Advocacy at different levels Peripheral Panchayats RCDC Block District State level level level PNGO Model Gram Network Network Network Panchayat
  • 4. Situational analysis Drudgery of Women
  • 5. Awareness building and triggering behavioural change Tools.. • Rallies, post card campaigns, street plays, water testing campaigns, village meetings • Using School Water Education Programme as a gateway • Innovations through Idea Marts • Linkages with IEC campaigns by Government Targeting women participation through.. • Involving women SHGs • Identifying and motivating women change-makers
  • 6. Institution building Panchayat- Jalabandhu(Comprising 2 members from Capacity building each VWSC, Sarpanch, HEW, SEM) • Orientation of VWSC- Issues relating to WASH, roles and responsibilities, institutional processes, skill development VWSC(Comprising 2 members from • Orientation for ASHA and each user group, Ward Anganwadi- instrumental to Member, Sarpanch, ASHA, hygiene education to women at Anganwadi, SEM) community level (Why? Health of family depends upon her hygiene practices) User Group (Representation from each • Training to SEMs including womenhousehold using a particular SEMs on water quality testingsource- at least 50% women)
  • 7. Participatory planning and follow up • Micro planning with PRA tools • Monthly GP level review meetings • Democratic system for facilitating women participation- management of user’s fund, complaint boxes • Linkages with Govt. schemes through Jalabandhu
  • 8. Developing the women led replicable model Women led replicable model on WASH Women influencing the decision making process and power scenario Women participation in management of WASH Leadership and ownership development among women
  • 9. Qualitative outcomes• Visible participation of women in awareness campaigns, idea marts• Involvement of women SHGs• Memorandum submission/RTI• Village cleaning activities• Oath taking• Managing user’s fund• Participation in GP level monthly review meetings and network meetings (Pressure group)• Making decisions on linkages with other schemes- diverting GKS funds
  • 10. Qualitative outcomes Women participating in awareness campaignsVillage cleaning by women Oath taking by women

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