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S3 2 sunetra lala irrad 1 november 2012 (1)

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  • 1. Framework for Accelerating Improved Gender Outcomes for the WASH Sector in India Sunetra Lala, Water Community of Practice, Solution Exchange India Malika Basu, Gender Community of Practice, Solution Exchange India Jyotsna, Gender Consultant, MDWS Aidan Cronin, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Section, UNICEF India
  • 2. Gender and WASH in India Women spend 150 million work days per year fetching water - 10 billion rupees Water rights tied to land tenure No control over benefits of water-related labour - work on land allotted to husbands/fathers Lack of WASH facilities affect health, education, livelihood choices Lack of sanitation leading to drop out by adolescent girls, risk of assault Women miss out on extension services and job opportunities No uniform gender disaggregated data
  • 3. Gender Analysis for WASH Programming Disadvantages faced by women and girls Assess women’s specific needs Situation analysis Draw interfaces: Institutional, Socio- economic and Cultural Systems Ensure women’s needs and issues through planning Impact on policies, programmes and services
  • 4. Gender Analysis Framework - Process Policies,Assessing Differential ProgrammesDifferences Impact and ServicesWomen’s Participationand Men’s (Socio- Needs Economic)
  • 5. Review of Existing Gender FrameworksGaps identified –• Harvard Analytical Framework - participation and governance• POP Framework - quality of process, quality of representation, O&M and management into account• Gender Analysis Matrix (GAM) - access to services, O&M, participation and benefits.• Capacities and Vulnerabilities Framework - benefits• Moser Framework - access and participation• Social Relations Framework - access to services and monitoring
  • 6. WASH Indicators – Hybrid Framework Participation  Control Quality of Process  Source Quality  Land Networks  Household decision-making Inclusion Community power dynamics  Benefits to women Access to Services  Livelihood Hardware  Health Coverage  Education Distance  Time Governance  O&M and Management Institutional strengthening in terms  Participation of gender  Contribution Voice  Monitoring
  • 7. Applying Hybrid Framework to UN Solution Exchange Consolidated Reply Structured approaches for ensuring inclusion and equity in WASH Essential phases under such an approach/ framework Phase-wise timeline and breakup of resources Quality checks at each phase Indicators facilitating effective monitoring of inclusion and equity Best practices in WASH illustrating structured gender and equity approaches and outcomes
  • 8. Phases Timeline Broad Activities Indicators G.F. Indicators (In Months)Planning and 3-6 • Situation Analysis • Community • ParticipationInstitutional • Community Willingness (Quality of(Capacity Building) Mobilisation, • Level of Participation Process) Involvement and • Attendance of • Participation Participation Women and Men • Inclusion • Institutional (G.S.) (Demography) Building • No. of Training • Governance Programs/exposure (Institutional visits Strengthening) • Maintaining RecordsImplementation 9-12 • Source Work • Social-Audit • Participation • Audit & • Coverage Area (Quality of { Handover • • No. of households connections/toilets No. of excluded households (access) • Process) O&M (Contribution and Monitoring) • Hand over to G.P. • Inclusion (Demography) • Institutional StrengtheningMonitoring and 6-9 • Operation& • Overdue Balance • Participation,Evaluation Maintenance Tariffs • Contribution • Monitoring • No. of Defaulters • Monitoring • Solid Waste Management • Health Concerns
  • 9. Conclusion and Way Forward Hybrid framework - strengthen gender sensitive planning and programming Framework - key indicators with checklist of questions Checklist – monitor indicators (in 3 phases) SE – timeline (18 to 27 months) for improved gender outcomes SE - comprehensive framework to understand gender concerns in WASH SE - document best practice case studies SE - peer-reviewed paper/booklet