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S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
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S2 1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al

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  • 1. Suhas P Wani, Anantha K H, Sreedevi T K Resilient Dryland SystemsInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Patancheru 502324 Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
  • 2.  Low and erratic rainfall, severe land degradation, low crop yields, and high poverty. WSP…potential engine for agricultural growth and sustainable development in rain-fed areas. Increasing women’s participation is critical to the long-term sustainability of development efforts.
  • 3. Technology Value addition Market linkages ACTION RESEARCHCAPACITY BUILDING TARGETED ACTIVITIES PARTICIPATIO N Technical know-how LIVELIHOOD Input-output value Value addition chain Market linkages ISSUES/CONSTRAINTS Technology Knowledge Market
  • 4.  Crop intensification with high-value crops and diversification of farming systems. Production of basic staples and surplus for modest incomes. Enhanced participation of the vulnerable groups through capacity-building and networking. Women learned new techniques in planting, land preparation, and intercropping. Planted around 18,500 pongamia trees to augment the oilseed supply in future. Fixed 147 t of carbon thru pongamia plantation and received worth of US$ 670 from World Bank as environmental service payment. From this additional income, they invested in tree nurseries.
  • 5.  Average family incomes increased by 77% thru watershed interventions. Reduced seasonal migration. Employment and income opportunities. Building social capital. Trust, social cohesion, a sound local leadership and democratic functioning of local institutions are among the features of social capital. Girl children are educated in taluk board schools. High social standing in the village for women.
  • 6.  Supporting government policies. Increased bargaining power and financial and political leverage. Solidarity thru mandal-level federation meetings - enables them to share their problems and seek help. The federations can help the SHGs to borrow money from financial institutions at lower interest rates. Loans are particularly useful for value-added services such as running a highway restaurant and other micro- enterprises. The federation takes care of book keeping and training functions of SHGs. The impact in terms of increasing the family incomes, building the social capital as well as trust amongst the women members.
  • 7.  Women have organised themselves and put up their SHGs on fish sauce, soap making, shampoo, fish feed, etc. The small-scale activities of women show the local level resource mobilisation, use and management. IGAs - rabbit farming, goats and cattle development, pig rearing - important for their livelihood security. Improved household welfare - living standard, economic affordability in acquiring household items, children education and health, etc. Increased responsibilities in the household and farming activities. Financially independent and increased household income. Empowerment in terms of knowledge, financial and social status.
  • 8.  Strong and good local leadership. Increased availability of water resources. Targeted income generating activities. Collective action and supporting government policy. Training and capacity building & strengthening. Linkages to the markets. Regular skills up-gradation.
  • 9. • Watershed projects provided a platform for inclusive market oriented development without jeopardizing social norms.• Need-based targeted income generating activities (IGAs) provided a confidence among women members to increase their social esteem, social standing and decision-making power.
  • 10.  Watershed programmes should look beyond land development activities. Need to make available the technical know-how and make them aware of such technologies through regular skill up-gradation trainings. Enhanced awareness of women’s rights through deliberate efforts is critical for sustainable development of watersheds by harnessing the women power equitably. Need to harness the gender power through harmony in the watersheds. Implementing and coordinating agencies need to take cognizance of resources and policy support to address gender equity.

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