Suhas P Wani, Anantha K H, Sreedevi T K                  Resilient Dryland SystemsInternational Crops Research Institute f...
   Low and erratic rainfall, severe land    degradation, low crop yields, and    high poverty.   WSP…potential        en...
Technology                         Value addition                         Market linkages                        ACTION RE...
   Crop intensification with high-value crops and    diversification of farming systems.   Production of basic staples a...
   Average family incomes increased by 77%    thru watershed interventions.   Reduced seasonal migration.   Employment ...
   Supporting government policies.   Increased bargaining power and financial and political    leverage.   Solidarity ...
   Women have organised themselves and put up their    SHGs on fish sauce, soap making, shampoo, fish feed,    etc.   Th...
   Strong and good local leadership.   Increased availability of water    resources.   Targeted income generating    ac...
• Watershed projects provided a platform for inclusive market  oriented development without jeopardizing social norms.• Ne...
   Watershed programmes should look beyond land development activities.   Need to make available the technical know-how ...
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
S2   1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

S2 1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al

166

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
166
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

S2 1 anantha gender participation sp-wani et al

  1. 1. Suhas P Wani, Anantha K H, Sreedevi T K Resilient Dryland SystemsInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Patancheru 502324 Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
  2. 2.  Low and erratic rainfall, severe land degradation, low crop yields, and high poverty. WSP…potential engine for agricultural growth and sustainable development in rain-fed areas. Increasing women’s participation is critical to the long-term sustainability of development efforts.
  3. 3. Technology Value addition Market linkages ACTION RESEARCHCAPACITY BUILDING TARGETED ACTIVITIES PARTICIPATIO N Technical know-how LIVELIHOOD Input-output value Value addition chain Market linkages ISSUES/CONSTRAINTS Technology Knowledge Market
  4. 4.  Crop intensification with high-value crops and diversification of farming systems. Production of basic staples and surplus for modest incomes. Enhanced participation of the vulnerable groups through capacity-building and networking. Women learned new techniques in planting, land preparation, and intercropping. Planted around 18,500 pongamia trees to augment the oilseed supply in future. Fixed 147 t of carbon thru pongamia plantation and received worth of US$ 670 from World Bank as environmental service payment. From this additional income, they invested in tree nurseries.
  5. 5.  Average family incomes increased by 77% thru watershed interventions. Reduced seasonal migration. Employment and income opportunities. Building social capital. Trust, social cohesion, a sound local leadership and democratic functioning of local institutions are among the features of social capital. Girl children are educated in taluk board schools. High social standing in the village for women.
  6. 6.  Supporting government policies. Increased bargaining power and financial and political leverage. Solidarity thru mandal-level federation meetings - enables them to share their problems and seek help. The federations can help the SHGs to borrow money from financial institutions at lower interest rates. Loans are particularly useful for value-added services such as running a highway restaurant and other micro- enterprises. The federation takes care of book keeping and training functions of SHGs. The impact in terms of increasing the family incomes, building the social capital as well as trust amongst the women members.
  7. 7.  Women have organised themselves and put up their SHGs on fish sauce, soap making, shampoo, fish feed, etc. The small-scale activities of women show the local level resource mobilisation, use and management. IGAs - rabbit farming, goats and cattle development, pig rearing - important for their livelihood security. Improved household welfare - living standard, economic affordability in acquiring household items, children education and health, etc. Increased responsibilities in the household and farming activities. Financially independent and increased household income. Empowerment in terms of knowledge, financial and social status.
  8. 8.  Strong and good local leadership. Increased availability of water resources. Targeted income generating activities. Collective action and supporting government policy. Training and capacity building & strengthening. Linkages to the markets. Regular skills up-gradation.
  9. 9. • Watershed projects provided a platform for inclusive market oriented development without jeopardizing social norms.• Need-based targeted income generating activities (IGAs) provided a confidence among women members to increase their social esteem, social standing and decision-making power.
  10. 10.  Watershed programmes should look beyond land development activities. Need to make available the technical know-how and make them aware of such technologies through regular skill up-gradation trainings. Enhanced awareness of women’s rights through deliberate efforts is critical for sustainable development of watersheds by harnessing the women power equitably. Need to harness the gender power through harmony in the watersheds. Implementing and coordinating agencies need to take cognizance of resources and policy support to address gender equity.

×