The Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology

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The Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology

  1. 1. 1 The Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology The Ministry of Public Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan Semey, 2013
  2. 2. In holes In galleries 29% 45% The date of foundation- 21.08.1947 first testing - 29.08.1949 last testing -19.10.1989 The date of closing - 29.08.1991 The area of testing site  18500 км2 Air tests - 86 Ground tests - 30 Underground tests - 340 General information about the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site 2
  3. 3. The Secret Dispensary №4 of the USSR Ministry of Public Health was opened in Semipalatinsk in March in 1957 The Dispensary's work was classified as the"Top Secret" Any contacts with the War Office were forbidden Its aims: - the estimation of radiation-hygienic situation in the Semipalatinsk region and near to the test site; - the monitoring of the populations health in the region
  4. 4. The Decree №409 about closing of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site 4 After the break up of the Soviet Union, on August 29 in 1991 SNTS stopped its work according to the Decree signed by President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbaev.
  5. 5. In 1992 Dispensary N 4 was reorganized to Scientific Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology
  6. 6. Problems THE NEED OF RECONSTRUCTION AND CALCULATION THE DOSES OF THE EXPOSURE POPULATION ESTABLISHMENT OF QUANTITATIVE AND AGE-GENDER COMPOSITION GROUPS OF RADIATION RISK ESTIMATION OF HEALTH- DEMOGRAPHIC EFFECTS AND THE CALCULATION OF MEDICAL LOSS PREVENTION OF DISEASES INDUCED BY RADIATION AND THE REHABILITATION OF VICTIMS The radiation-ecological accident Testing of the nuclear weapon at the test sites of the Kazakhstan (1000000-1500000 people)
  7. 7. The Groups of the radiation risk in the Eastern Kazakhstan The population of the Eastern Kazakhstan in total - 1,430,000 people. Among it: The groups of the radiation risk – 356,000 people (25% of total) People suffered a direct radiation – 107,000 people (30 %) Second- and third-generations descendants - 249,000 people (70 %) 7
  8. 8. In 2003 the institute started the formation of the State Medical Register database of the population exposed to radiation with assistance specialists from the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (Hiroshima, Japan). At present time the Register database contains information about more than 100 thousand exposed people and their offspring
  9. 9. DNA and biological materials bank The evaluation of the radiation induced effects The examination of the marks of the personal radiation perceptibility The main directions of the scientific researches
  10. 10. Consultative and Diagnostic Department Consultative and Diagnostic Department stuff are performing the screening examination of groups with high risk for radiation-induced diseases and further profound examination using modern medical equipment. Also specialists consult the patients about prevention of diseases which is included in the program of medical rehabilitation.
  11. 11. 11 Rehabilitation Department More detail examinations are conducted in Rehabilitation Department. Also medical stuff provides medical treatment of radiation-induced diseases to residents living near test site.
  12. 12. Screening tests conduct initial screening of radiation-induced diseases and the subsequent in-depth survey
  13. 13. The international relationships of the Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology The Federal Medical-Biological Agency, RF, RC, RI, IHEs The Institute named after L.Paster, Paris Universities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki cities The Institute of the Radiation Hygiene, Munich Norwegian Radiation Authority, Oslo Cancer diseases Research Institute, London The Institute of Evolution Of the Haifa University The National Institute of Health (NIH)
  14. 14. Our Experience in International Projects • Reconstruction and calculation of retrospective doses on the territories surrounding the SNTS (soil, water, bark, bricks sampling, ESR dosimetry of tooth enamel). Hiroshima University (Japan) – Institute of Biophysics (Russian Federation) - Nation Institute of Health (USA); • International project with Institute of Radiation Hygiene (Germany, Munich) «Studying of the nuclear weapon tests influence on the population health of Semipalatinsk area» in the framework of INCO-KOPERNICUS programme; • International study grant with Institute Cancer diseases Research Institute, London «Reproductive health estimation among exposed people living around SNTS» • International study grant with Radiation Effects Research Foundation (Hiroshima, Japan) «Formation of the State Medical Register database of the exposed population as a result of activity of SNTS» • International project with Institute for Science Peace (Hiroshima University) «Social-psychological effects of the population living near nuclear test site»
  15. 15. Select soil samples near the SNTS for physical and dosimetry research Select of bricks with scientists from Russia (Obninsk, Russia) Select soil samples with scientists from Hiroshima University (Japan) Select tree cortex with scientists from Kanazawa University (Japan) Teeth samples for ESR-dosimetry
  16. 16. The dosimetry of the environmental objects and biological methods of EED calculating Since 1995 the joint work has been carried out together with scientists from Hiroshima University. The work was devoted to the evaluation of the content of long-lived products of nuclear explosions with appropriate reconstruction of the EED to 191,000 people.
  17. 17. The directions of strategic researches of the Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology 1. The examination of the mechanisms of the inheritance of the deterministic effects of the ionizing radiation by descendants. 2. The clinical-epidemiological and genetic indication of effects of mediated radiation influence among people born from irradiated parents. 3. The development and introduction of methods of medical-social rehabilitation of descendants born from irradiated parents. 4. The examination of the mechanisms of the “small doses” effect of radiation on the organism according to the significant rise of groups with radiation risk which are connected with the future expansion of the atomic energy and the extraction of uranium in Kazakhstan.
  18. 18. Thank you for attention!

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