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  1. 1. As defined by the CDC, a concussion is a type of Traumatic Brain Injurycaused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way the brain normally functions. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even a“ding,” “getting your bell rung,” or what seems to be mild bump or blow to the head can be serious business.
  2. 2. Signs and Syptoms By an observer – appears dazed or stunned, is confused about assignment or position, forgets instruction, is unsure of the game score or opponent, moves clumsily, answers questions slowly, loses consciousness even briefly, shows mood behavior or personality changes, or the inability to recall events prior to or after the impact. By the athlete – headache or pressure in the head, nausea or vomiting, balance problems or dizziness, double or blurry vision, sensitivity to light or noise, concentration or memory problems, confusion, or quick mood changes.
  3. 3. Some Science behind the Impact
  4. 4. In the NFL in 2010 167 Total 12 Players to IR Concussions per Team  0 = Tampa Bay  1 = San Diego  2 = Houston, Buffalo  3 = Miami, Jets, Atlanta, Chicago, Cincinnati, Denver  4 = San Francisco, Kansas City, Giants  5 = Tennessee, New England, Jacksonville, Green Bay  6 = Indianapolis, Arizona, Washington, New Orleans  7 = Dallas, Pittsburgh  8 = Baltimore, Seattle, Minnesota, Detroit, Oakland, Philadelphia, Cleveland, St. Louis  10 = Carolina Concussions by “general” Position  QB = 11  RB = 12  TE = 15  WR = 28  OL = 15  Offense = 81 (48.5%)  DL = 17  LB = 25  DB = 44  Defense = 86 (51.5%)
  5. 5. Where concussions come from.
  6. 6. Concussion Cases in the NFL One fraud and negligence lawsuit filed in Philadelphia accuses the NFL of publishing nonscientific papers written by biased members of its medical committee, while denouncing valid research. The plaintiffs include former Eagles Ron Solt, who suffers from substantial memory loss, and Rich Miano who is asymptomatic but seeks medical monitoring. At least eight similar lawsuits have been filed in New York, New Jersey, Georgia and Florida. Two-time Super Bowl champion Jim McMahon and more than 100 other players have signed on, citing symptoms that range from occasional memory problems to depression to degenerative brain disease.
  7. 7. Play it safe With a game like football there is a level of danger and violent impacts that cannot be avoided or the game would lose its integrity. What we as the future of the Sports Management world can do, however, is acquire the knowledge to realize when one of these TBIs has occurred and effectively treat them so the athletes can recover properly and continue with their careers.
  8. 8. Don’t be a crash dummy. In addition to the health concerns, many ethical issues are involved with concussions. Responsibility for and solutions to these issues should be taken seriously by all those involved with athletes at the professional, collegiate, and youth level.
  9. 9. It is on our shoulders…Use yourhead. As Sport Managers we need to make sure that the education about concussions is out there for everyone to know and utilize; all the way from parents to coaches, and the players themselves. Consequences need to exist for individuals that knowingly put players back in the game who are exhibiting symptoms, or are suspected to have suffered a concussion.