MLA Citation Guide Book Okuda, Michael, and Denise Okuda. Star Trek Chronology: The History of the Future. New York: Pocket, 1993. Print Compiled by: Catherine and Pierre B. D .L. T his guide is based on the MLA Handbook (7th ed.) that was published in 2009 and The OWL at Purdue Follow these color codes: Author Title of Book Title of Article Title of Periodical Volume Place of Publication Publisher Date Medium of Publication Pages Parenthetical (in-text) (Okuda 31)
Basic In-Text Citation Rules MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation What’s required ? The author’s name (or title if no author is given). Page number(s) in parentheses at the end of the sentence. Parenthetical (in-text) Human beings have been described as "symbol-using animals" (Burke 3).
Parenthetical reference – citation information (page number and/or author’s name) provided in parentheses at the end of the sentence. Signal phrase – when you put the author’s name first to introduce the information. Works Cited: Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads . London: Oxford U.P., 1967. Print Parenthetical (in-text) Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263). Parenthetical (in-text) Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263 )
Paraphrasing Parenthetical (in-text) Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).
Long Quotations If a quotation is more than four lines when typed into your paper, begin the quotation double-spaced on a new line that is indented by 2.5cm (1 inch). The quotation should be double-spaced. Do not use quotation marks. Also note that the period is placed before the parenthetical citation For example: Parenthetical (in-text) I ran, twisting, and turning through the trees like a Cooper's hawk, and occasionally riding a free fifty feet downhill on an aspen sapling. Dad gave me a resounding slap, and Mother hugged me until she cried. I led them proudly up the mountain. (George 175)
Book – no author or Editor A Book of Boy’s Stories. London: Blackie, 1937. Print. Book – Multiple Authors (More than three) Unsworth, Len, et al. Children’s Literature and Computer-Based Teaching. Maidenhead: Open UP, 2005. Print. Parenthetical (in-text) (Unsworth et al. 105) Parenthetical (in-text) ( A Book of Boy’s Stories 20) Parenthetical (in-text) ( Messenger and Bruyn 30 )
Encyclopedia Article Horn, Maurice. "Flash Gordon." The World Encyclopedia of Comics . Ed. Maurice Horn. 2 vols. New York: Chelsea, 1976. Print. or Bergmann, Peter G.. “Relativity." The New Encyclopedia Britannica : Macropaedia. 15 th ed. 29 vols. Chicago: Britannica, 1976. Print. Book Article or Chapter James, Nancy E. "Two Sides of Paradise: The Eden Myth According to Kirk and Spock." Spectrum of the Fantastic . Ed. Donald Palumbo. Westport: Greenwood, 1988. 219-223. Print. Parenthetical (in-text) (Horn 105) (Bergmann 403) Parenthetical (in-text) (James 220-221)
Journal Article Wilcox, Rhonda V. "Shifting Roles and Synthetic Women in Star Trek: The Next Generation." Studies in Popular Culture 13.2 (1991): 53-65. Print Newspaper or Magazine Article Di Rado, Alicia. "Trekking through College: Classes Explore Modern Society Using the World of Star Trek." Los Angeles Times 15 Mar. 1995: A3. Print. Parenthetical (in-text) (Di Rado A3) Parenthetical (in-text) (Wilcox 51)
Newspaper or Magazine Article on the Internet Andreadis, Athena. "The Enterprise Finds Twin Earths Everywhere It Goes, But Future Colonizers of Distant Planets Won't Be So Lucky." Astronomy Jan. 1999: 64- . Web 7 Feb. 1999 Online Film or Film Clip (e.g. YouTube) “ Hurricane Katrina: The Drive: New Orleans Lower 9 th Ward" YouTube . New Orleans Video Access Center, 16 June 2006. Web. 13 Nov. 2009. Online Resources Parenthetical (in-text) (Andreadis 105) Parenthetical (in-text) It is confirmed by the film “Hurricane Katrina: The Drive.”
Kunka, Jennifer L, and Joe Barbato. “MLA Formatting and Style Guide .” The OWL at Purdue . Purdue University. 2007. Web. 14 Nov. 2007 Works Cited