Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Nathalie - Stavanger
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Nathalie - Stavanger

1,122
views

Published on

Published in: Technology

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,122
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • RPSLng -- new generation -- is described in the RFC 4012: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4012\n\nExamples of aut-num objects: as1853 (ACOnet) & AS8596 (Hotze).\n\nAbout routing:\n\nfiltering recommendations for BGP routing by Gert Doering (v6)\nhttp://www.space.net/~gert/RIPE/ipv6-filters.html\n\nIPv6 Team Cumry Bogons: Packet & Route Filter Recommendations for xSP:\n\nhttp://www.cymru.com/Bogons/v6top.html\n\nDe-aggregation guidelines (in progress!)\nhttp://www.ripe.net/ripe/maillists/archives/routing-wg/2009/msg00120.html\n\nGlobal v6 routing table size:\nhttp://bgp.potaroo.net/v6/as2.0/\n\nGhost Route Hunter project by SixXS:\nhttp://www.sixxs.net/tools/grh/peering/\n\n"This tool allows you to see easily which prefixes you are missing in your network and where you might want to improve IPv6 Transit. It also provide the community with a look into the quality of your network and ability to have a shot of debugging when something looks wrong. "\n\n&\n\nGhost Route Hunter : IPv6 DFP visibility\nThese pages show the visibility of Default Free Prefixes (DFP's) as delegated by the RIR's.\nhttp://www.sixxs.net/tools/grh/dfp/\n\n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • Transcript

    • 1. Measuring IPv6 Deployment Nathalie Trenaman Trainer
    • 2. RIPE and RIPE NCC
    • 3. About RIPE NCC• One of the five Regional Internet Registries (RIR)• RIPE NCC service region covers Europe, the Middle East and parts of central Asia• Not-for-profit association, based in Amsterdam• Funded from the membership fee• 7.800 members throughout the region• Neutral, impartial, open and transparentNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 3
    • 4. The Five RIRsNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 4
    • 5. RIPE NCC Activities• Distribution and registration of Internet number Resources: IPv4, IPv6 and AS numbers• Training courses and tutorials• Measurements and statistical analysis• We operate the K-root name servers• Organise RIPE Meetings twice a year• Provide a platform for the industry to exchange experiences and knowledgeNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 5
    • 6. The RIPE Community• The RIPE Community acts as the policy making body in the RIPE NCC service region• RIPE has a chair, but is not a formal body• Community is open to everyone• Discussion via mailing lists and at the meetings• Decisions are made by consensus• All that is required to join, is a working email address to subscribe to the mailing listNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 6
    • 7. IPv4?
    • 8. IANA IPv4 Pool 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 8
    • 9. Our Slice of the IPv4 Pie Organisations Other IANA AfriNIC LACNIC RIPE NCC ARIN APNICNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 9
    • 10. Wait and See? 10
    • 11. RIPE NCC IPv4 Available PoolNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 11
    • 12. RIPE NCC’s last /8• We do things differently!• Ensures IPv4 access for all members – 16000+ /22s in a /8 – members can get one /22 (=1024 addresses) – must already hold IPv6 – must qualify for allocation• /16 set aside for unforeseen situations – if unused, will be distributed• No PINathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 12
    • 13. Transfer of IPv4 Allocations• Policy 2007-08: Allocation Transfer Policy – Don’t buy your IPv4 on eBay! – Transfer unused allocations to another LIR – Minimum allocation size /21 – Evaluated by RIPE NCC – Update in RIPE Database http://www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/listingNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 13
    • 14. IPv6!
    • 15. IPv6 Ripeness • Rating system: – One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation – Additional stars if: - IPv6 Prefix is announced on router - A route6 object is in the RIPE Database - Reverse DNS is set up –A list of all 4 star LIRs: http://ripeness.ripe.net/Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 15
    • 16. IPv6 RIPEness: 7836 LIRs 1 star 14% 2 stars 5% 3 stars 11% No IPv6 54% 4 stars 17%Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 16
    • 17. IPv6 RIPEness: Norway (158 LIRs) 18% No IPv6 40% 5% 15% 22%Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 17
    • 18. IPv6 Enabled ASes in Global Routing• Any country or region possible, updated daily http://v6asns.ripe.net 18
    • 19. IPv6 in the Routing RegistryRoute6 object: route6: 2001:db8::/32 origin: AS65550Aut-num object: aut-num: AS65550 mp-import: afi ipv6.unicast from AS64496 accept ANY mp-export: afi ipv6.unicast to AS64496 announce AS65550 19
    • 20. Reverse DNS2001:db8:3e:ef11::c100:4d 20
    • 21. Reverse DNS2001: db8: 3e:ef11: :c100: 4d 21
    • 22. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d 21
    • 23. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa 21
    • 24. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpad.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e. 3.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa PTR yourname.domain.tld 21
    • 25. Reverse DNS2001:0db8:003e:ef11:0000:0000 :c100: 004d8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpad.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e. 3.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa PTR yourname.domain.tldd.4.0.0.0.0.1.c.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.1.f.e.e.3.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa PTR yourname.domain.tld 21
    • 26. World IPv6 Day on 8 June 2011• Major organisations offered all content over IPv6 for a day – Google, Facebook, Yahoo!, Akamai, Limelight NW, etc• Test drive• IPv4 not “switched off”• More info on: – http://www.worldipv6day.org/ – content providers: dual stack & AAAA records in DNSNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 22
    • 27. RIPE NCC Measurements - World IPv6 Day• IPv6 Eyechart and 6to4 (not in this talk)• Active measurements – Sources: 49 vantage points (RIPE TTM, CAIDA Ark, ...) – Destinations: 53 participant or already dual-stacked sites – From 2011-06-01 to 2011-06-11 we measured – DNS: A and/or AAAA records – ping(6)/traceroute(6) – HTTP over IPv4 and IPv6Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 23
    • 28. Norway and World IPv6 Day• Good participation - top 150 Alexa list - www.google.no - online.no - ba.no - disabled after World IPv6 Day• 18 websites have their www still available over IPv6• 43 have working DNS Source: http://www.vyncke.org/ipv6statusNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 24
    • 29. Conclusions - What We Learned• IPv6/dual-stack works just fine, but make sure that – It is properly tested and monitored (like IPv4) – Your network can reach all others (like IPv4)• Dual-stack = Two chances for best performance• Days like this “work” – Raise awareness – Give people a target to work towards – We’re ready for a next IPv6 day/week/month/yearNathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 25
    • 30. Accessing www.ripe.net over IPv6Nathalie Trenaman, 23 November 2011 26
    • 31. Effects of Capacity Building• Take some statistics on IPv6 Deployment: - Number of members that have an IPv6 Allocation - Networks (ASNs) advertising IPv6 address blocks• Split them per country and plot them over time as a percentage• Plot in what we think are significant events: - RIPE NCC IPv6 for LIRs training course - MENOG IPv6 Roadshow - Meetings/Forums/Your event? 27
    • 32. Bosnia and Herzegovina 28
    • 33. Norway 29
    • 34. Georgia 30
    • 35. Questions?