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50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson
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50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson

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50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson …

50 billion connected wireless devices... IPv6, anyone?: Fredrik Garneij, Systems Manager, Ericsson

IKT-Norge IPv6 forum IPV6 konferanse 23 & 24 mai 2011

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  • 1. If it is the humans that are in the way then we will terminate them! 50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 1 (3)
  • 2. …some comments on previous discussions
  • 3. The value of IPv4 addresses›  What happens when a company finds 0,4 Billion Euro?50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 3 (3)
  • 4. Finally we have found the IPv6 killerapplication !!!!!!!!!›  And the winner is.......... It is killing IPv6 deployment!!!!50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 4 (3)
  • 5. WE ARE THE BORG ALL YOUR IPv4 HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE WILL BE ASSIMILATED AND MADE IPv6 CAPABLE RESISTANCE IS FUTILE50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 5 (3)
  • 6. …and speaking of the collective and IPv6deployment.A community is like a ship; everyone ought to be prepared to take the helm. Henrik Ibsen50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 6 (3)
  • 7. 50 billion connected devicesby 2020. IPv6 anyone?Fredrik Garneij, Ericsson Finding the smoking gun
  • 8. The evolution of IPIP has an evolution path, lets not jump ahead. There will be branches for sure, some will die and some will live on, time will tell.... ....so what to do to remain a surviver.50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 8 (3)
  • 9. IP and Mobile Network evolution -Two events converging in time IPv6 RFC2460 - (1998) IPv4 2128 addresses RFC675 - (1974) RFC791 - (1981) 28 Host addresses 232 addresses 24 Net addresses IMP RFC 1 - 1969 25 address GPRS EPC 50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 9 (3)
  • 10. A Vision 50 billion connected devices by year 2020IPv6 Transition is the ONLY path … towards 50B connections50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 10 (3)
  • 11. Ericsson Global 3G IPv6 access http://youtube.com/IPv6guy Mona Lisa Musée du Louvre Great Barrier Reef San Francisco Cable Car Snowmobile Swedish mountains A thousand words will not leave so deep an impression as one deed.50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 11 (3) Henrik Ibsen
  • 12. Obviously we can do IPv6! Yes wE(///) can!Questions we need to ask ourselves:›  Why IPv6 for 50B?›  Is the 3GPP IPv6 architecture ready for 50B and beyond?›  Do we have a IP migration strategy with an acceptable exit strategy? Obama stealing from Bob the Builder!50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 12 (3)
  • 13. … wait a minute!What about 50B and IPv4…Folks, 2^32 = 4 294 967 296 is less than 50B No problemo, we have NATs! i·ro·ny [ahy-ruh-nee] 1   the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning: the irony of her reply, How nice! when I said I had to work all weekend.50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 13 (3)
  • 14. ..eventually the Nanobots bites the dust… Everything has an ending, every ending is a new beginning…50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 14 (3)
  • 15. Why IPv6 for 50B?
  • 16. Why IPv6 for 50B?›  More IP addresses – Restoring end2end to internet – For billions of new devices (mobile phones, cars, appliances, sensors…) – For billions of new users (China, India, Africa,…) – Always-on access (mobile, cable, xDSL, Ethernet-to-the-home,…) – For applications that are difficult, expensive or impossible to operate through NATs (IP telephony, peer-to-peer gaming, home servers,…)›  Easier security – End2end connectivity enables easy IPsec authentication, authorization and encryption. Remember: Security is a moving target50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 16 (3)
  • 17. Is the 3GPP IPv6 architectureready for 50B and beyond?
  • 18. Mobile Packet Networks explained theTechie way.... Supports IPv4, IPv6 or Dual Stack Appl. Terminal Server Uu S1-U S5/S8 SGi Appl Appl TCP/UDP TCP/UDP IP IP IP PDCP PDCP GTP-U GTP-U GTP-U GTP-U RLC RLC UDP UDP UDP UDP L2 L2 MAC MAC IP IP IP IP L1 L1 L2/L1 L2/L1 L2/L1 L2/L1 L1 L1 UE eNodeB S-GW PDN-GW50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 18 (3)
  • 19. ...and explained the seven-year-old way Mobile network core Transport IP packet Encapsulated User Payload IP packet GTP-U / UDP Encapsulation headers50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 19 (3)
  • 20. Upcoming 3GPP Standardization for m2m›  IMS architecture was once IPv6-only. Why? – Huge # of terminals – End2end communications model using SIP›  Is m2m any different? – Can the industry agree that IPv6 is the baseline IP version for m2m and not go through the pain of IMS IP version interworking again? – Can we skip NATs? Hey, it s a new time, new place…… IPv6 Address Space IPv6 Address Space UE used for MTC MTC MNO Server From 3GPP CR S2-112741 NOTE: IPv6 based addressing for both UEs used for MTC and MTC Servers is considered the primary addressing solution and is preferred to ensure future proof and scalable deployments.50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 20 (3)
  • 21. 50B Keep-Alives
  • 22. Lets look at the buzzword IP AgnosticIP Agnostic does not mean you can be IP version Arrogant nor IP version Ignorant50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 22 (3)
  • 23. DAMN those Keep-Alives!Haven t you heard, NATs are gone!(hopefully, at least some, and oh, I forgot about in-path firewalls, pcp anyone?)Toto, I ve got a feeling we re not in NAT44-land anymore…50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 23 (3)
  • 24. Example: When an application does this… Application sends Keep-alive Service50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 24 (3)
  • 25. …the packet core at first does this…3GPP TS 23.401: UE triggered Service Request procedure UE eNodeB MME Serving GW PDN GW PCRF HSS 1. NAS: Service Request 2. NAS: Service Request 3. Authentication/Security 4. S1-AP: Initial Context Setup Request 5. Radio Bearer Establishment 6. Uplink Data 7. S1-AP: Initial Context Setup Complete 8. Modify Bearer Request 9. Modify Bearer Request 10. PCEF Initiated IP-CAN X 50B Session Modification (A)   11. Modify Bearer Response 12. Modify Bearer Response50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 25 (3)
  • 26. ...and then after a while when done, this…3GPP TS 23.401: S1 Release procedure UE eNodeB MME Serving GW 1. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Request 2. Release Access Bearers Request 3. Release Access Bearers Response 4. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Command 5. RRC Connection Release 6. S1-AP: S1 UE Context Release Complete X 50B50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 26 (3)
  • 27. 50B behind NATDual-stack and the death of NAT44
  • 28. Operator Example Traffic ForecastTraffic Trend 20.00 300,000 19.00 280,000 18.00 260,000 17.00 16.00 240,000 15.00 220,000 14.00 Traffic increase is more 200,000 Throughput at BH (Gbps) 13.00 12.00 than double per year. 180,000 Growth Ratio 11.00 160,000 10.00 140,000 9.00 8.00 120,000 7.00 2.5 times traffic is expected by 100,000 6.00 end of Mar 2012, and is 5.00 continuously growing 80,000 4.00 60,000 3.00 Mar 2011 40,000 2.00 17,099 Gbps 20,000 1.00 0.00 0 Apr- Jun- Sep- Dec- Mar- Jun- Sep- Dec- Mar- Jun- Sep- Dec- Mar- Jun- Sep- Dec- Mar- Jun- Sep- Dec- Mar- Jun- Sep- Nov- Feb- May- Aug- Nov- Feb- 07 07 07 07 08 08 08 08 09 09 09 09 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 1450B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 28 (3)
  • 29. Traffic growth NAT impact300,000 Network capacity need to grow to handle user traffic growth Throughput Gbps If NAT is introduced to deal with IPv4 address runout NAT capacity need to grow equally == increased CAPEX and OPEX Added unless you start offloading IPv4 traffic NAT capacity ...and don’t forget the added cost for NAT state logging! Added NAT capacity Initial NAT capacity 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 29 (3)
  • 30. Traffic growth with dual-stack300.000 Network capacity need to grow to handle user traffic growth Throughput Gbps If Dual-stack is deployed IPv6 will increasingly offload IPv4 as more services are also offered over IPv6 and NAT capacity need will decrease, reducing NAT expansion need and eventually reverse its need to grow == eliminate NAT Native CAPEX and decrease OPEX IPv6 IPv6-only combined with NAT64 gives same result and eliminates IPv4 private address usage at UE Native IPv6 Native Added NO added IPv6 NAT NAT Initial capacity capacity NAT capacity 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 30 (3)
  • 31. 50B IPv6 Terminals
  • 32. How do we reach 50B Terminals?›  Nokia, Nokia, Nokia›  S40 and S60 Series roughly since 2006 can do the job!›  IPv6-only combined with NAT64 works with most applications and dual-stack is possible ~40 Euro with two PDP contexts50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 32 (3)
  • 33. Computers›  Laptops, pads Ericsson F5521gw Mobile Broadband Module – OS:es Vista/W7/OSX/Linux with either built-in Ericsson Mobile Broadband Module or legacy SonyEricsson/Nokia phone as modem – IPv6-only combined with NAT64 works with most applications and dual-stack is possible with two PDP contexts50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 33 (3)
  • 34. Android IPv6 support›  Added PDP/PDN Type to Java code – NOTE: Google changed name Network Type to APN Protocol when it was released in Android 2.3.450B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 34 (3)
  • 35. First Android 2.1 IPv6 connected over 3Gmobile network. I make it so! Nvidia Tegra 2 and Ericsson Mobile Broadband Module F3607gw50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 35 (3)
  • 36. What about IPhone ?›  90+ million devices sold›  Always-on with Apple Push Server (why not use IPv6?) I need an IPhone 4! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FL7yD-0pqZg50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 36 (3)
  • 37. My IPhone get visited by IPv6 ping over 3G! Source address: 2001:470:0:2f::1 Destination address: 2001:1b70:8140:ff02::abba:babe50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 37 (3)
  • 38. Ahh.. Blackberry..... My Blackberry Is Not Working! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAG39jKi0lI50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 38 (3)
  • 39. Computers›  Laptops, pads Ericsson F5521gw Mobile Broadband Module – OS:es Vista/W7/OSX/Linux with either built-in Ericsson Mobile Broadband Module or legacy SonyEricsson/Nokia phone as modem – IPv6-only combined with NAT64 works with most applications and dual-stack is possible with two PDP contexts50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 39 (3)
  • 40. But is is all about the success of m2m › M2M, Internet of things, Sensors › MCIM + IPv6 = 50B !?!?50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 40 (3)
  • 41. Aggregating 500B
  • 42. DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation›  Expands the number of IPv6 network prefixes available behind a UE. ”Mobile is the new Fixed” Internet GSM/ WCDMA/ LTE Services SGW PGW (e.g Mobile TV, IMS, eHealth ehealth) PDN UE CPE Router with GSM/ IPTV WCDMA/ LTE uplink Appliances IMS50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 42 (3)
  • 43. Aggregation for the masses - 500B›  Sensor networks (eg Zigbee-based) can use Packet Core for uplink data transfer. Impact on architecture from aggregated ”Internet of things” need to be studied further in 3GPP order to accomodate this huge market.50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 43 (3)
  • 44. Do we have a IP migrationstrategy with an acceptableexit strategy?
  • 45. Think and plan ahead!› Take aim for IPv6-only!› I you don t need to enter an IP migration there s no need to exit!› For 50B and beyond the important thing is which IPv4 relics are left in the architecture. (Compare the 1500MTU relic in Ethernet)50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 45 (3)
  • 46. Conclusion 50B and IPv6›  We will get there… Resistance is futile.›  Go for IPv6 ASAP›  Get rid of the Keep-alives›  Aggregate connectivity50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 46 (3)
  • 47. www.ericsson.com over IPv6 at Akamai What it all boils down to: Turn on... Tune in... .....but dont drop out!Anti-drug disclaimer: IPv6 is not a pshycedelic drug and I am not Timothy Leary
  • 48. A final word from Henrik Ibsen A minority may be right,and a majority is always wrong...so for how long will we be right about IPv6? I m ok with being wrong.50B Vision IPv6 | 2011-05-24 | Page 48 (3)

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