Energy security key to sustainable development and
Region home to ~24% of world population.
>40% of world population without access to electricity
resides in South Asia.
Energy and peak shortages.
Ample Resources – Coal, Hydro, Gas.
India has coal and hydro, wind and solar
Nepal and Bhutan have huge hydro
Bangladesh has good gas reserve.
Pakistan has huge coal reserve.
Myanmar has good hydro and natural gas.
For annual growth of 8% - 778 GW needed by year
Current generation >200 GW.
Per capita consumption (Jan. ‘12) - 778 kWh.
World average 2429 kWh.
Energy deficit 8.5% and peak deficit 9.5% (2010-11)
Started in year 1971.
12 existing 11kv, 33kv and 132kv transmission lines.
Existing trade ~100MW.
Agreement for import of 150MW by Nepal.
400kv Muzaffarpur (India) – Dhalkebar (Nepal) HVDC line
Short term transmission line under development for supply
of additional 75MW.
70MU free power from Tanakpur HEP.
System strengthening for 132 MW.
42,000 MW economically feasible.
Target of 10,000 MW by year 2020.
>2,000 MW under development.
Potential for export to India.
Additional transmission link required.
India imports 1200-1400 MW hydro power from
Cross border transmission link synchronized with
Plan to develop ~ 10,000 MW hydro power by year
~ 2,900 MW under development.
Export to India after meeting domestic demand.
Cross border transmission line under development.
Hydro power potential in Bhutan – 30,000 MW.
Identified 75 projects - capacity ~26,000 MW by 2030.
14 Projects~10000MW capacity by 2020.
Harnessed 2800 MW.
Under development Punatsangchhu 1
(1200MW), Punatsangchhu2 (720MW) Mangdechhu
Small domestic demand and huge market in India.
Cross border transmission lines installed / under
Bangladesh generation ~ 9,000 MW, peak deficit and energy
Cross Border Grid connection 400 KV HVDC under
Capacity for transmission - 500 MW.
Link between Behrampur (India) and Bheramara (Bangladesh).
250 MW under bilateral agreement from NVVNL.
250 MW through competitive bidding from Indian market.
India – Sri Lanka
360 km Madurai (India)-Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) 400KV
HVDC bipole Grid Inter-connection under development.
Includes 120 km submarine cable.
Transmission capacity 1,000 MW.
India - Pakistan
Feasibility of cross border Grid Inter-connection between
India and Pakistan under discussion.
Hydro Power and Natural Gas.
Tamanthi (6x200MW) and Shwezeye (642MW)
For export to India.
Evacuation at 400KV level.
Transmission system to be integrated with Indian
Facilitating policies for cross border electricity trade.
Facilitating regulatory regime.
Exemption from duty on import and export.
Development of transmission lines and
synchronization of grid .
Development of Regional Institutions.