Subimal Bhattacharjee Country Head, General Dynamics- India LO, New Delhi
Current status of cyberspace Issues of cyberspace-usage/growth/criminal and terrorist elements Need for cooperation & efforts so far-national/global Indian scenario- Information Technology Act 2000 (IT Act), IT (Amendment) Act 2008 Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Council of Europe draft convention of cybercrime Role of UN Future direction
World total users – 1.97 billion (28.7% of total population) Asia total users – 825.09 million (21.5% of total population) India total users – 81 million (7% of total population) China total users – 420 million (31.6% of total population) Japan total users – 99 million (78.2%of total population) South Korea total users – 39.4 million (81.1%of total population) (Statistics from www.internetworldstats.com Dec 2010)
Internet users– 81 million (7% of total population) Mobile phone users – 670.6 million (57% of total population) Broadband users – 10.08 million (Statistics from www.internetworldstats.com Dec 2010)
<ul><li>3.2 billion cyber attacks in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>192% growth in spam from 2009 TO 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>2.9 million signatures for malwares in 2009 documented vulnerabilities of which 80% are exploitable </li></ul><ul><li>200000 active bot infected computers in the world </li></ul><ul><li>90% breaches in 2009 involved organized crime </li></ul><ul><li>84% of such breaches happened due to insider negligence </li></ul><ul><li>IP theft costs $ 2 billion globally in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Credit card details account for 32% of all goods advertised in underground economy servers </li></ul>
Indian IT Act. 2000 - Section 43 – Tampering of electronic records. - Section 65 – Tampering with computer source code. - Section 66 – Hacking & computer offences. Indian Copyright Act. <ul><li>States any person who knowingly makes use of an illegal </li></ul><ul><li>copy of computer program shall be punishable. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer programs have copyright protection, but no </li></ul><ul><li>Patent protection. </li></ul>Indian Penal Code <ul><li>Section 406 – Punishment for criminal breach of trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 420 – Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Of property </li></ul>Indian Contract Act. 1872 <ul><li>Offers following remedies in case of breach of contract: </li></ul><ul><li>Damages. </li></ul><ul><li>- Specific performance of the contract. </li></ul>
UN Resolution 57 / 239 (2002) on the “creation of a global culture of cyber security” identifies nine elements for creating a global culture of cyber security: Awareness Responsibility Response Ethics Democracy Risk Assessment Security Design and Implementation Security Management Reassessment UN Resolution 58 / 199 (2000) future emphasized “promotion of a global culture of cyber security and protection of critical information infrastructure” • Recognizes the growing importance of information technologies for the promotion of socio-economic development and the provision of essential goods and services. • Notes the increasing links among most countries ‘critical infrastructure and that these are exposed to a growing number and a wider variety of threats and vulnerabilities that raise new security concerns.