Maritime Security: growth industry?


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Mr Peter Cook, Security Director & Founder
Security Association for the Maritime Industry (SAMI), London

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  • Over the next 20 years according to the International Chamber of Shipping the volume of trade moving by sea is expected to increase by around 50%!Over that same period of time according to the Uks Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) the western navies will shrink by 30%.You don’t need to be a mathematician to work out that there is going to be a capability gap and world trade will become increasingly exposed to various threats.
  • On January 23, 1961, a group of 24 Portuguese and Spanish opposition movement members seized control of the Santa Maria, a 609-foot-long (186 m), 20,900-ton Portuguese luxury cruise liner (600 passengers & 300 crew).
  • The USS COLE an Aegis Class Destroyer, the cutting edge of technological development of its time was defeated by a man in a rubber boat full of explosives. This was an indication that we had moved from symmetric to ‘asymmetric’ threats.
  • The 2008 Mumbai attacks (sometimes referred to as 26/11) were 11 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India's largest city, by Islamist terrorists[5][6] who came from Pakistan.[7] The attackers allegedly received reconnaissance assistance before the attacks. AjmalKasab, the only attacker who was captured alive later confessed upon interrogation that the attacks were conducted with the support of Pakistan's ISI.[8][9] The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday, 26 November and lasted until Saturday, 29 November 2008, killing 164 people and wounding at least 308.[2][10]
  • Maritime Security: growth industry?

    1. 1. Peter Cook Founder & Security Director Security Association for the Maritime Industry (SAMI)
    2. 2. Counter Piracy from the Private Maritime Security perspective.  Set the scene and provide some context.  What is the maritime industry and why is it important?  Piracy; a tropical disease  Is maritime security different to land security?  Introduction of the regulatory structures for armed guards at sea.  Questions?
    3. 3. 70% of the globe is covered by water!
    4. 4. 95% of world trade moves by sea!
    5. 5. Global population is predicted to be 9 billion by 2050
    6. 6. 80% 0f the global population live within 100km of the sea
    7. 7. Seafood is a critical source of protein
    8. 8. What is the Maritime Industry and why is it important? Commercial Shipping
    9. 9. Maritime Industry Offshore Oil & Gas
    10. 10. Around 25% of oil & gas is offshore
    11. 11. Maritime Industry Port Facilities
    12. 12. Trade increases, navies shrink!
    13. 13. Piracy – A Tropical Disease IMB Piracy Map 17 June 2013 126 Attacks so far this year
    14. 14. Maritime Security – like normal crime only different! Theft Fraud Smuggling Stowaways Piracy Terrorism
    15. 15. Santa Maria 1961
    16. 16. “While Western defence expenditure and investment in sophisticated weaponry grew, it was a speedboat packed with improvised explosives that almost sunk the USS COLE in 2000.” Professor Richard Holmes
    17. 17. Mumbai 26 Nov 2008
    18. 18. MV Star 27 July 2010
    19. 19. Challenges of maritime security? “The maritime domain, a majority of which is international waters, has traditionally been characterised by a lack of control bordering on the anarchic.” Lloyd’s MIU Handbook of Maritime Security “a sector characterised by an extremely diverse international labour force, transporting a vast range of goods, whose provenance, description and ownership are often left remarkably vague.” OECD Security in Maritime Transport: Risk Factors and Economic Impact
    20. 20. The only difference between land security and maritime security is that the land is blue! Land Security Maritime Security  Single jurisdiction  Limited stakeholders  Objective is political/military end state  Largest and most profitable contracts are with national governments  Multi-jurisdictional  Multiple stakeholders  Commercial continuum  No government contracts (global merchant fleet over 50K ships of more 500GT, average ship owner owns 7 ships).
    21. 21. Commercial Shipping Drivers: 01 July 2013 SAMI Shipping companies, operators, managers & charterers (international shipping associations) Flag States (commercial entities) Marine Insurance
    22. 22. Flag State Fleets 0 5 10 15 20 25 Panama Liberia Marshall Islands Hong Kong Singapore Bahamas Greece Malta China P.R. Cyprus Top 10 72% 11-20 13% Others 16% GrossTonnageFleet%
    23. 23. Security Association for then Maritime Industry (SAMI) Concept Problems  Client:  Ship owner/manager/ charterer  Flag State  Insurance Underwriter/P&I Club  Unable to differentiate good company from bad  Good PMSC competing with entrepreneurs Solution  Formulate a list of reputable companies making it easy for the client to identify a good PMSC.  PMSCs on the list form a guild to improve and develop standards.
    24. 24. SAMI launched April 2011 0 50 100 150 200 250
    25. 25. Current Global Membership 180 UK (73) Americas (16) Africa & Middle East (25) Asia (25) Europe (47)
    26. 26. Characteristics of SAMI International (180 members from 37 different countries) Independent – NGO, not for profit Impartial – Directors not linked to any PMSCs Integrated with Industry
    27. 27. “Wild eyed, pony tailed, gun toting, mercenaries!” 01 July 2013 SAMI
    28. 28. Armed Guards on ships: A Solution? “Armed Guards have a 100% success rate!” Rear Admiral Duncan Potts Commander EUNAVFOR 23 Nov 11
    29. 29. International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Specialist agency of the United Nations
    30. 30. 3 Foundation Documents
    31. 31. Accompanying Documents
    32. 32. National Certification  Various nations are establishing their own certification process to cover their own national laws:  Belgium  Cyprus  Germany  Japan  UK – OGTCL (Maritime Ant-Piracy) & Section 5 Firearms Act  As ISO/PAS 28007 Certification gathers momentum and credibility it is hoped that more states will recognise it as providing a substantial element of national standards.
    33. 33. Technological Solutions
    34. 34. Summary  The maritime industry is crucial to the growth of global trade.  Maritime security is extremely complex.  Private maritime security industry will have a pivotal role in the management of all forms of maritime crime.
    35. 35. “Maritime Security seems incredibly simple, but is in fact astonishingly complex.” Questions?
    36. 36. @seasecurityorg