Over the next 20 years according to the International Chamber of Shipping the volume of trade moving by sea is expected to increase by around 50%!Over that same period of time according to the Uks Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) the western navies will shrink by 30%.You don’t need to be a mathematician to work out that there is going to be a capability gap and world trade will become increasingly exposed to various threats.
On January 23, 1961, a group of 24 Portuguese and Spanish opposition movement members seized control of the Santa Maria, a 609-foot-long (186 m), 20,900-ton Portuguese luxury cruise liner (600 passengers & 300 crew).
The USS COLE an Aegis Class Destroyer, the cutting edge of technological development of its time was defeated by a man in a rubber boat full of explosives. This was an indication that we had moved from symmetric to ‘asymmetric’ threats.
The 2008 Mumbai attacks (sometimes referred to as 26/11) were 11 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India's largest city, by Islamist terrorists who came from Pakistan. The attackers allegedly received reconnaissance assistance before the attacks. AjmalKasab, the only attacker who was captured alive later confessed upon interrogation that the attacks were conducted with the support of Pakistan's ISI. The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday, 26 November and lasted until Saturday, 29 November 2008, killing 164 people and wounding at least 308.
Maritime Security: growth industry?
Founder & Security Director
Security Association for the Maritime Industry (SAMI)
Counter Piracy from the Private
Maritime Security perspective.
Set the scene and provide some context.
What is the maritime industry and why is it
Piracy; a tropical disease
Is maritime security different to land security?
Introduction of the regulatory structures for armed
guards at sea.
“While Western defence expenditure and
investment in sophisticated
weaponry grew, it was a speedboat
packed with improvised explosives
that almost sunk the USS COLE in 2000.”
Professor Richard Holmes
Challenges of maritime
“The maritime domain, a majority of which is international
waters, has traditionally been characterised by a lack of
control bordering on the anarchic.”
Lloyd’s MIU Handbook of Maritime Security
“a sector characterised by an extremely diverse
international labour force, transporting a vast range of
goods, whose provenance, description and ownership are
often left remarkably vague.”
OECD Security in Maritime Transport: Risk Factors and Economic Impact
The only difference between land security
and maritime security is that the land is
Land Security Maritime Security
Objective is political/military
Largest and most profitable
contracts are with national
No government contracts
(global merchant fleet over 50K
ships of more 500GT, average
ship owner owns 7 ships).
Commercial Shipping Drivers:
01 July 2013 SAMI
Shipping companies, operators, managers &
charterers (international shipping associations)
Flag State Fleets
Panama Liberia Marshall
Hong Kong Singapore Bahamas Greece Malta China P.R. Cyprus
Top 10 72%
Security Association for then
Maritime Industry (SAMI) Concept
Unable to differentiate good
company from bad
Good PMSC competing
Formulate a list of
making it easy for the
client to identify a good
PMSCs on the list form a
guild to improve and
Various nations are establishing their own certification
process to cover their own national laws:
UK – OGTCL (Maritime Ant-Piracy) & Section 5 Firearms Act
As ISO/PAS 28007 Certification gathers momentum and
credibility it is hoped that more states will recognise it as
providing a substantial element of national standards.
The maritime industry is crucial to the growth of
Maritime security is extremely complex.
Private maritime security industry will have a pivotal
role in the management of all forms of maritime
“Maritime Security seems incredibly
simple, but is in fact astonishingly