India's Special Forces for Internal Security Securing Asia 2013
Varying perceptions as to what constitutes SF.
Spl Ops: “Small Scale Clandestine, covert or overt ops of an
unothrodox and frequently high risk nature to achieve significant
political or military objectives in support of foreign policy”. —
M. Tugwell & D Charters
High strategic Utility force for achieving National or Strategic
• At Strategic, Operational or Tactical levels.
• For Strategic, Political, Economic gains in furtherance of National
• Across entire spectrum of conflict.
Politico-Military control and over seeing.
Criticality-High value, high risk. Results out of proportion to effort.
Planning & Preparation. Through Planning, Preparation, Intelligence and
Surprise—essential for success.
Atypical Operation: Small scale, precise, low visibility, lethal but
discriminate use of force.
High Level of Skills.
Patience essential- except in time sensitive roles (Hijack/ hostage
Direct Action: To seize and/or destroy specific critical targets including
Raids, Ambushes, direct Assault, hostage rescue, Stand off attacks.
SR. Clandestine Ops in hostile territory to gain significant information.
FID(Internal Security): Joint Civil and Military Ops to protect host nation.
Counter Proliferation of WMD
Civil Affairs : For transition from Military to Civil Governance
PSYOPS: Psychological Ops to reinforce attitudes favorable to National
ARMY PARA (SF)
AIR FORCE GARUDS
Real time video feeds from Multiple locations and agencies at mobile
Broad Band Radios capable of heavy traffic. Software defined Radios.
Radio gateways to enable communication on radio network through
various devices including Mobile phone.
Real time Two way audio & video communication to frontline soldier.
See through wall capability.
Precision Weapons & equipment for day/night full spectrum capability.
C-IED detection and remote disposal capability.
Audio/video bugs & repeater
Laser listening devices
Fiber optic scope
See through wall radar
Night sights ,night vision goggles
Sniper night sights
Holographic sights ,Hybrid sights
Fire resistant Overall
Non skid tactical shoes
Protective eye Goggles, Knee/elbow
Abseiling /Rappelling equipment
Rope ladders throw line
Electronic targets for reflex shooting
Light support weapons
Anti material rifle, Sniper rifle
VSAT Airborne Platform
NBC Suits & Eqpt
Real time X-Ray Viewing system
EOD response vehicle
Water jet disrupter
Remote op wirec utter , Thermal cutter
NLJ,Fiber optic svl set
Intervention and Interdiction Skills & Techniques.
Counter Hijack and negotiation skills
Unarmed combat skills
Joint Training with similar elite’ forces the world over eg; SAS, Delta
Force, GIGN, GSG9,Sayret matkal, spetnaz etc.
Live training in high intensity CI/CT environment.
US doctrine of Joint Spl Operations in its Dec 17th 2003 publication states
“special operations are conducted in hostile , denied or politically
sensitive environment to achieve military, diplomatic, informational, and/or
economic objectives, employing military capabilities for which there is no broad
conventional force requirements.” it goes on to add that these ops often require
covert clandestine and low visibility capabilities