Harry Dhaul, Director General, IPPAI
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Harry Dhaul, Director General, IPPAI



MYANMAR future HUB for South East Asia Power Beltway

MYANMAR future HUB for South East Asia Power Beltway



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  • http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2013/09/22/news/national/nawaz-approves-electricity-import-from-india/ <br /> http://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/bangladesh-begins-import-of-power-from-india/article5176272.ece <br /> http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-05-28/news/39580005_1_transmission-project-power-grid-corporation-turnkey <br /> http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-25514-Pakistan-to-import-1300MW-power-from-Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan <br /> http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/advisory-group-moots-a-national-power-beltway-113052900855_1.html <br /> http://www.asianewsnet.net/news-46519.html <br /> http://asian-power.com/project/news/thailand-and-china-build-wind-farms-in-myanmar <br /> http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v7/wn/newsworld.php?id=984085 <br /> http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/companies/tata-power-to-set-up-coalfired-plant-in-myanmar/article5210777.ece <br /> Laos plans to produce 12,500 MW electricity by 2020Thailand has agreed to purchase up to 7,000MW of electricity from Laos by 2020. <br /> Asia News Network, May 9, 2013 <br />
  • Peak Demand Supply Gap <br /> Source: AF Mercados <br /> Singapore data: http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/ene_ele_pro_percap-energy-electricity-production-per-capita <br /> Per capita : http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=ti&v=79 <br /> http://meih.st.gov.my/statistics <br /> http://asian-power.com/power-utility/in-focus/malaysia-boost-coal-fired-power-generation <br /> GDP : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_real_GDP_growth_rate <br /> Iran - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_in_Iran <br />

Harry Dhaul, Director General, IPPAI Harry Dhaul, Director General, IPPAI Presentation Transcript

  • MYANMAR future HUB for South East Asia Power Beltway Harry Dhaul Director General, IPPAI Myanmar Electric Power Convention 2013 16 -18 Oct 2013, Yangon, Myanmar
  • UI mechanism & Indian Power Market Northern Regional Load Despatch Center - POSOCO http://nrldc.org Indian Energy Exchange – Power Market of India http://www.iexindia.com Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Proposed South Asia Grid And Beyond with Myanmar as the Hub of the South East Asia Grid Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Cross Border Power Trade - Asian Developments Pakistan to import 1,300MW power from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan The News, Islamabad, September 17, 2013 Nawaz approves electricity import from India Pakistan Today, Islamabad, Sep 22, 2013 Advisory group moots a National Power Beltway NPB would enable a nationwide plug-and-play flexibility to generators and consumers (Business Standard, Mumbai, May 30, 2013) Bangladesh begins import of power from India The Hindu, Dhaka, September 27, 2013 Thailand and China to build wind farms in Myanmar Asian Power, Thailand, October 2, 2013 Thailand Plans to Buy More Electricity From Myanmar Bernama, Bangkok, October 8, 2013 Tata Power to set up coal fired plant in Myanmar Business Line, New Delhi, October 7, 2013 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Co-operation for Energy Security of South Asia  Rapid economic development of South Asian countries not possible without abundant, affordable power.  It is Cost effective for countries to trade power through a common power pool (e.g. Canada – US power trade, Existing Nord Pool, South African Power Pool, Upcoming West African and East African Power Pools).  Nations have different energy resources and different load patterns.  Required: Fostering energy security partnerships and co-operation through pan Asian power pool. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Cross Border Power Trade : Options  Bulk power - long, medium and short term  Meeting daily and/or seasonal peaking especially when these are non coincidental  Ancillary services  Emergency support  Cross-country and crossregional transfers where transit countries benefit from wheeling charges.  Sharing electricity storage reserves. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI requirements,
  • Cross Border Power Trade: Potential Tajikistan Per Capita Electricity Generation (2011) kwh/annum 2,111 Afghanistan 10 10.2 Winter Oil, Natural Gas, Coal Pakistan 600 3.7 Summer, Winter Gas , Lignite, Hydro India 700 6.6 Summer, Winter Coal Bhutan Nepal 764 100 9.7 4.6 Winter Winter Hydro Hydro Sri Lanka 500 6.4 Summer Biomass, wind Bangladesh 200 6.1 Summer Gas, Coal Myanmar 116 6.3 Summer Hydro China 2,582 7.8 Summer, Winter Coal, Hydro, Gas Thailand 2,221  6.4 Summer Natural Gas Malaysia 3,700  5.6 Summer Natural Gas, Coal Singapore 8,508  1.3 Summer Natural Gas Iran 2,732 -5.4 Summer Oil and Natural Gas Country GDP Growth % 2011 Peak Load Energy Resources for Power Generation 7.5 Winter Coal and Hydro Source: AF Mercados, Nation Master and Index Mundi. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Cross Border Power Trade : Benefits  Optimizing fuel mix to improve energy security and address environmental concerns.  Increased access to electricity in importing countries and utilization generation assets.  Exploiting complementarities and comparative advantages :  Primary energy endowments.  Resource development costs.  Complementary demand profiles.  Larger markets – greater certainty for investors, economies of scale.  Manage variability of infirm power.  Fostering cross border competition in electricity  Reduced cost of supply for all participants because it is a large pool of
  • South East Asia Power Beltway Existing & Upcoming Grid Connectivity  500 KV AC & DC lines from Kyrgyz Republic & Tajikistan to Afghanistan & Pakistan are in an advanced stage of design and financing. By 2018 1,300 MW of existing summer-time power surpluses can flow from Central Asia to South Asia.  Pakistan – India and Iran - Pakistan connectivity are under implementation.  India - Bangladesh 500 MW connection is ready.  Existing Bhutan – India connectivity needs to be expanded.  Existing connectivity between Nepal - India is being expanded.  Undersea grid link between Sri Lanka - India is under contemplation.  400-500 MW Thailand - Malaysia existing connection.  Malaysia - Singapore have plans for expanding their existing connectivity. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Myanmar: Hub for South East Asia Power Beltway Recommended Grid Connectivity  India – Myanmar connectivity is required.  Looking at the terrain, best connectivity could be through Bangladesh or with Manipur/Mizoram with India.  Spur line from Myanmar could connect China to the South Asian Grid.  Spur lines from the South Asian Grid could connect Laos to Vietnam and Thailand to Cambodia. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Myanmar: Hub for South East Asia Power Beltway Commercial Interest's  Economic Benefits    Low cost power available for Myanmar to build a sophisticated industrial and services economy Cascading benefits of increase in employment, education, health and sanitation using lower cost electricity Financial Benefits  Earnings from     International Investments in    Export of surplus power Transmission /Wheeling charges Facilitating Power Transactions Power Generation Transmission Increase in Forex Inflows Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Myanmar as South Asian hub: Way Ahead  Regulatory compliance.  Grid connectivity and transmission charges, congestion charges.  Scheduling and coordination.  Energy accounting and timely settlement.  Dispute resolution - appropriate authority for legal recourse and arbitration.  Role of power exchanges.  Sovereign period). payment guarantees (initial  Promote competition, private sector participation in cross border power trade. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Myanmar as South Asian hub: Way Ahead Contd..  Inter-Government Framework for Asian Energy Cooperation may be required. Transmission planning, capacity addition studies based on load and generation requirements can follow  Defining role of international investors, public sector/private developers in construction, maintenance and operation of trans border power lines: Policy framework required for clarifying technical and institutional issues.   Harmonizing regulations for cross border power trade. Issues in Financing  Financing projects for development of the South Asian power grid.  Financial settlement options - escrow, back stop guarantees from governments.  Managing currency risks.  Setting up an effective payment security mechanism. Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Indian Power Sector & IPPAI 1910 Private Urban Licensees development 1948 Vertically Integrated SEBs formed 1992 1995 2003  Competitive Bidding Guideline  Rural Electrification Policy IPPs Development in Sector Generation: NTPC (1975), NHPC (1975), NEEPCO (1976), NPCIL (1987) Transmission & SO: PGCIL (1989), Power Trading: PTC (1999), Financing: REC (1969), PFC (1986), Planning: CEA (1951 / 1975) Regulation: CERC (1998) 2006 Electricity Act 2003 Power Trading notified Open Access Retail competition Regional/national electricity market Independent system operator De-licensing of Generation activity 2008 2009-10 Power Exchange Setup (IEX & PXIL) POC Charge in Transmission  Connectivity, LTA, MTOA Regulations  REC Regulation (2010) State Reform Acts Unbundling Independent Regulation Financial restructuring Institutional development Distribution efficiency improvement Planning Privatization IPPAI’s active involvement in the sector Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI > 2011
  • About IPPAI:  An independent body that provides a neutral platform for the discussion and examination of issues critical to the development of the private power sector Our Focus:  IPPAI’s initiatives are focused on policy, strategic, financial, legal, regulatory and technical issues in the power, oil & gas and allied sectors Our Credentials’:  IPPAI has, on its advisory committee, a number of experts from diverse fields with a unique knowledge base and decades of experience in the Indian energy sector. IPPAI interacts with Indian and International Organizations  i.e. Ministries of Power, Petroleum, Finance, the Planning Commission, state governments and trade associations Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  • Energy Independence is not Energy Security….. Contact us: Ms. Nayyara Houssian Independent Power Producers Association of India (IPPAI) Shubhanchal Hostel Building,Near Vikas Sadan, INA Colony,New Delhi - 110023Tel: +91-11-495 56600Fax: +91-11-495 56677Email: nayyara@ippaimail.org Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI