Day2: PK Mishra Mainstreaming DRR (IPPAI)

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Day2: PK Mishra Mainstreaming DRR (IPPAI)

Day2: PK Mishra Mainstreaming DRR (IPPAI)

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  • 1. 1 DISASTER AND DEVELOPMENT MAINSTREAMING DISASTER RISK REDUCTION Dr. P.K Mishra Chairman, Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission Ahmedabad The 14th Regulators & Policymakers Retreat 2013 Goa, 1-4 August 2013
  • 2. A catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or man made causes, or by accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of, property, or damage to, or degradation of, environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the affected area. WHAT IS A DISASTER
  • 3. Recent trend of disasters • Increase in frequency and intensity of disasters • Why hazards become disasters? • Development activities could create new forms of vulnerability • Linkages between disaster and development; poverty and vulnerability • 3
  • 4. PARADIGM SHIFT IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT Initiatives  International Decade for Natural Disaster reduction (IDNDR)  Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a safer world 1994  Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-15: Building the resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters
  • 5. Efforts  Approach shifting from post disaster relief & rehabilitation to pre-disaster mitigation & preparedness  Linking Disaster Management to Development Programmes  Focus on insurance and risk transfer mechanisms Cont’d
  • 6. Some Hypotheses  Lessons of disasters do not automatically spread over geographical space and time.  Post-disaster recovery and reconstruction provide an opportunity for risk reduction efforts  Risk reduction initiatives have greater acceptability, speed and effectiveness during post- disaster scenario  However, one cannot wait for a disaster to happen. Mainstreaming of DRR is necessary.
  • 7. Mainstreaming DRR with Development • Mainstreaming means to integrate into regular or the predominant activity • Need to analyse how potential hazards could effect programmes and projects • Impact of policies, porgrammes and projects on vulnerability to natural hazards • Treating risk reduction as an integral part of development 7
  • 8. Five steps to mainstreaming • Awareness raising, • Enabling environment, • Change in operational practice, • Measuring progress, and • Learning and Experience sharing. 8
  • 9. Some recent initiatives • A chapter on disaster management in the Tenth Five Year Plan • Eleventh Five Year Plan focused on strengthening disaster preparedness • Twelfth Five Year Plan envisages to further build on earlier efforts • Report of the working group on disaster management for the 12th plan. • 9
  • 10. 10 Photo by : Ashok B. TrivediPhoto by : Ashok B. Trivedi
  • 11. 11 Photo by : Ashok B. TrivediPhoto by : Ashok B. Trivedi
  • 12. 12 RECONSTRUCTION & REHABILITATION
  • 13. 13 THE KUTCH EARTHQUAKE RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAMME: MOST INFLUENTIAL POST- DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION INITIATIVE  A strong foundation for national level initiatives, e.g. • Mitigation projects, changes in syllabus • Capacity building in search & rescue • Disaster Management Act, 2005 • Creation of the National Disaster Management Authority • Community-based disaster preparedness initiatives  Disaster Management Authorities in several States  Framework for post-disaster reconstruction in the context of subsequent disasters
  • 14. Some Lessons and Challenges  It is easier to convince various stakeholders regarding the need of risk reduction measures immediately after a disaster  Even in Gujarat, such initiatives were taken after the earthquake of 2001 and not after the Latur earthquake, 1993  Organizational structure, governance issues and political will are key factors which determine the effectiveness of risk reduction measures  Public and media pressures for early results dampen risk reduction initiatives  Sustainability of such measures remains an issue even in Gujarat.  Role of international organizations is important  Coordination of activities of international organizations and NGOs is crucial
  • 15. Good governance for mainstreaming • An appropriate institutional structure • A legal framework • Participation of stakeholders • Accountability • Transparency and information 15
  • 16. SOME QUESTIONS • CAN WE PREPARE A ROADMAP FOR MAINSTREAMING DRR THROUGH DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES? • HOW TO MAKE IT SUSTAINABLE? • CAN WE DESIGN AN INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE? 16
  • 17. 17 THANK YOU