Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas Securing Asia 2013

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Mr. Yashvant Malhotra, Group Head – Security Cairn India Ltd

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  • Exploration history in India as old as 1886 when first oil was found in Assam. Till Independence, exploration was carried out by Private operatorsThen in 1990 GOI offered exploration blocks and small size fields , 160 blocks offered only 28 blocks contracted. Need felt for better contractual and fiscal terms. I would like to mention about the introduction of the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) in the year 1997 by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Government of India. This policy was instrumental in bringing revolutionary changes in India’s E & P sector. In fact, it has been a landmark event in the hydrocarbon sector in India. The NELP became operational in the year 1999. With this, the era of awarding acreages on nomination basis was dispensed with. So far in seven bidding rounds of NELP - 203 Blocks awarded, Another 36 will be awarded soon in NELP VIII. We are Graduating towards OALP (Describe)
  • Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas Securing Asia 2013

    1. 1. Offshore Security Risks Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas 1
    2. 2. I will give you information which is available in the public domain Sources :Directorate General of Hydrocarbons Annual Report Association of Oil & Gas Operators Website 2 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasDisclaimer
    3. 3. 3 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasContents 1. Introduction: (a) Panoramic View of Oil & Gas landscape in India (b) Oil & Gas Statistics of India (b) Exclusive Economic Zone of Indian Offshore (c) Search & Rescue Operations extent in Indian Offshore (d) Offshore Acreages 2. Risk Radar 3. Under Water Threats & Mitigation Measures 4. Mitigation Measures for Explosions 5. Fishing Menace & Solutions 6. Security Problems & Solutions specific to India 7. Geopolitical Issues 8. Oil & Gas pipeline infrastructures in India 9. Oil & Gas pipeline security 10. Security Solution 11. Way Ahead for growth over next 5 years 12. All regulations related to Oil & Gas industry in India 13. All state agencies involved with Oil & Gas industry in India
    4. 4. Year Producing Basins Companies 1947 01 01 1990 03 02 2000 07 12 2012 10 76 Major E & P operators in India 1 ONGC 2 OIL 3 RIL 4 Cairn 5 Essar 6 HOEC 7 Focus 8 GSPC 9 AssamCo 10 Petrogas 1890- Digboi. The first Oil field of India Assam Oil Company 4 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasOil & Gas Imprint on Energy Map
    5. 5. 694 680 751 782 7772557 3185 3272 3434 3650 2,864 3,113 3,255 3,426 3,641 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Production Imports Consumption 4.8 5.8 5.6 5.7 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Oil Resrves in Bn bbl 5 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasStatistics *Incl Rajasthan 136 178 69 407 24 Gujarat Assam Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Western Offshore * Eastern Offshore
    6. 6. Exclusive Economic Zone- 200 Nautical Miles Except Sri Lanka Crossing 6 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasExclusive Economic Zone
    7. 7. South East Asia 7 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasSearch and Rescue Ops Limits MPCC Mumbai MPCC Chennai MPCC Port Blair MPCC: Maritime Rescue Coordination Center
    8. 8. AREA UNDER LICENCE 46% 14% 40% Onland Shallow Deep 2.15 Mm Sq Km (68%) 50% 10% 40% Deep Water Shallow Onland 0.99 Mm Sq Km (32%) YET TO OFFER (Under NELP IX) SHALLOW WATER 0.1 Mm Sq Km ONLAND 0.99 Mm Sq.Km DEEP WATER 0.86 Mm Sq Km DEEP WATER 0.49 Mm Sq Km ONLAND 0.4 Mm Sq Km SHALLOW WATER 0.3 Mm Sq Km 8 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasUnexplored Acreages
    9. 9. Critical Asset Security Oil & GasRisk Radar 1 3 4 25 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Geo Political Tension Terrorist Activity Deliberate Infringement of Eclusive zones Natural Disaster Accidental Damage Pilfrage & Theft 9
    10. 10. 14 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasUnder Water Threats
    11. 11. 16 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasUnder Water Threats
    12. 12. 18 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasUnderwater Measures Sonar Auto ID System Patrol Vessel Radar- High Definition Warning System
    13. 13. Peak pressure generated by explosives: • Air-200kg at 1m distance -16000 -31000 PSI* • Underwater-5lb at 0.5 ft -> 85000 PSI* • Underwater explosives generate far greater pressure than air explosives. Following designed to withstand peak reassure of : • Platform leg - 44000 PSI* • Pipelines carrying oil - 16000 PSI* PSI – Pounds per Square Inch 20 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasMitigation of Explosion Effects
    14. 14. Intrusive Fishermen 21 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasFishing Menace
    15. 15. 26/11 Original Target of 26/11 Attackers 24 Mumbai Critical Asset Security Oil & GasSecurity Problems Major Oil Installations
    16. 16. India also has off shore interests in South China Sea. India, Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam are in a dispute over rights to explore Minerals and Hydrocarbons in South China Sea. This is a highly volatile situation in the south Asian region, arguably with a potential to trigger international confrontation considering US and NATO forces have received clear warnings from China to stay away from this region. ONGC Videsh Ltd. has signed a 3 yrs contract for developing long term cooperation in Oil sector and had accepted Vietnam’s offer for exploration in certain blocks of South China Sea. This is the bone of contention between India and China South China Sea 27 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasTerritorial Issues
    17. 17. 28 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasPipeline Infrastructure Map
    18. 18. Aerial Monitoring (Chopper & UAVs) Vehicle Patrol Foot Patrol PIDS + SCADA 29 Critical Asset Security Oil & GasPipeline Security
    19. 19. Regulations: • Oil Industry Act • Oil Fields Act, • Income Tax, • Central Excise control, • Direct Tax, • Income Tax Act • PIDS • SCADA • LRAD • The Silent Guardian • Dome • (Cassidian), UAVs Intelligence Sharing: • Central Intelligence Bureau • State Intelligence Bureau • NIA • State Police Security Meets: JVOPAC- Joint Venture Operator Advisory Committee RCC- Regional Contingency Committee OSCC- Onshore Security Coordination Committee Electronic & Physical Systems: 32 Oil & GasCritical Asset SecurityWhat we need Security Solutions
    20. 20. Growth in next 5yrs Govt. Approval Foreign Companies NELP/ OALP 33 Growth Boosters Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas
    21. 21. Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas S. No. Name of the Act/Rules Ref.No.Act Act Of Year Web Link 1 The Territorial Waters, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone And Other Maritime Zones Act 80 1976 http://meaindia.nic.in / 2 The Income Tax Act 43 1961 http://law.incometaxi nd 3 The Income Tax Rules 1962 http://law.incometaxi nd 3a Direct Tax Code 110 2010 4 The Central Excise Act 1944 1 1944 http://www.cbec.gov.i n/ 5 The Central Excise Tariff Act 1985 5 1986 http://www.cbec.gov.i n/ Regulations in E&P 37
    22. 22. Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas S. No. Name of the Act/Rules Ref.No.Act Act Of Year Web Link 6 The Oil Industry ( Development) Act 1974 47 1974 http://www.cbec. gov.in/ 7 The Customs Act 1962 52 1962 http://www.cbec. gov.in/ 8 The Custom Tariff Act 1975 51 1975 http://www.cbec. gov.in/ 9 The Oilfield ( Regulation & Development) Act , 1948 53 1948 http://petroleum. nic.in 10 The Petroleum & Natural Gas Rules 1959 1959 http://petroleum. nic.in 11 The Petroleum Tax Guide, 1999 1999 http://petroleum. nic.in Regulations in E&P 38
    23. 23. Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas Agency Short Name Website Issues Ministry Of Environment & Forests MOEF envfor.nic.in Environment Clearance Forest Clearance Ministry Of Defense MOD mod.nic.in Security Clearance For Vessels In Indian Waters Directorate General Of Hydrocarbons DGH dghindia.org All Technical And Psc Issues. Ministry Of Petroleum And Natural Gas MOPNG petroleum.nic.in For Approvals As Required Under Psc. Oil Industry Safety Directorate OISD oisd.nic.in Oil Safety. Ministry Of Finance MOF finmin.nic.in Only If There Are Issues On Tax,customs,excise Chief Conservator Of Forests CCF wii.gov.in/envis/en vis_pa_network/p age_pccf.html Forest Clearance Director General Shipping DGS dgshipping.com Approval For Hiring Foreign Vessels Agencies Involved in E&P 39
    24. 24. Critical Asset Security Oil & Gas Agency Short Name Website Issues Director Of Explosives DOE dipp.nic.in Importing / Stocking Explosives Coast Guard CG dipp.nic.in/explosi ve/dept_expl.htm Security And Hazard Issues For Offshore Installations State Pollution Control Board SPCB cpcb.nic.in Pollution Control Clearance District Commissioner DC *** Land Use Permission Public Hearing For Env. Clearance Law & Order Issues Land Revenue Officer LRO *** Purchase / Use Of Land Commissioner Of Customs & Excise CCE cbec.gov.in Imports / Exports Commissioner Of Income Tax CIT incometaxindia.go v.in Income Taxation Registrar Of Companies ROC mca.gov.in/ministr ywebsite/dca/mca offices/roc.html Registration Of Company Statutory Returns Reserve Bank Of India RBI reservebank.com Payments In Foreign Currency Agencies Involved in E&P 40
    25. 25. Critical Asset Security Oil & GasAgencies Involved in E&P 41 END
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