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Internal Threat, Internally Abetted
Internal Threat, Externally Abetted
External Threat, Internally Abetted
External Threa...
STATES
Org: Large Sized Fmns
Hierarchical
Wpns:Sophisticated
C2: Centralised
[HIGH RISK]
STATE SPONSORED HYBRID
Org: Moder...
Easy to Make.
Inexpensive.
Availability of Chemical Components.
Multi Mode Trigger.
High mortality rates.
Fear, Anxiety & Fatigue.
Disrupts access to people, critical spaces.
Shapes public opinion of confli...
STRATEGIC TACTICAL
•Funding. •Local leadership.
•Planning. •IED employment
plans.
•Training. •Bomb making.
•Logistic Suppo...
 Leadership.
 Recruiting.
 Training.
 Target Selections & Planning.
 Surveillance.
 Rehearse attack.
 Movement of C...
 Dynamic Systemic threat
comprising multiple actors, state
and non state, who operate and
interact within adaptive and
ne...
Potent
Survive
Innovative
Short Loop
Combination of IE
MILITARY
PETN
RDX HE
C4
SEMTEX Plastic Explosive
Commercial
TNT
Ammonia Nitrate & Aluminum
Powder
Ammonium Nitrate & Fuel ...
Reduce effectiveness and lethality
of IED threat to allow extended
freedom of maneuver for security
forces and state agenc...
Pan Government Approach.
Coordinated effort of all applicable
agencies of national power.
Common understanding of Strategi...
TIME
ATTACK THE NW
DEFEAT THE DEVICE
PREDICT /
PREVENT
IED FACILITATION
&
FABRICATION
NEUTRALISE
MITIGATE
IED
DETONATION
T...
GATHERING IED MATERAIAL
CONSTRUCTING
IED
CONSTRUCTED
IED
STORAGE INVENTORY EMPLACEMENT EMPLACED
IED
DETONATION DETONATED
I...
TIME
ATTACK THE NW
DEFEAT THE DEVICE
PREDICT /
PREVENT
IED FACILITATION
&
FABRICATION
NEUTRALISE
MITIGATE
IED
DETONATION
T...
Information Operations.
Law Enforcement.
Deterrence.
Disrupt re supply operations.
Financing network.
Signal Intelligence....
Types of IEDs
o Buried IEDs
o Directional/ off route mines
o Booby traps
o Vehicle bombs
o RF IEDs
IED
o Explosive
o Initi...
Quantity based
Bulk Detection
Trace Detection
Vapor Detection
Particulate Detection
Distance of detection
Point Detection
...
Trace Detection
Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor
MEMS Sensors
Quartz Crystal Microbalance
Fluorescent Polymer Sensor
Spectrosc...
Bulk Detection
X-Ray
Single/ Dual energy
Tomography
Backscatter (Single/ Double beam)
Low Energy Microwave (Dielectrometry...
Water jet Disrupter
Laser Ordinance Disposal
Plastic Explosive
Jammers for RF IEDs
Thermal cutter
Institutional Mission focused
Calibrated Training
General Awareness to all Ranks
Specialist Training
Centers of Excellence
Replicate
3 dimensional visualisation
Modeling and Simulation
Training Brain
Information on IEDs
Modus operandi of terrorists
Do’s and Dont’s
Area Domination
Cultivate Sources
Basic technology of det...
Focus 1 (Attack the NW)
C IED int
Weapon Technology int
Persistent Surveillance, recce, information ops
IED technical and ...
Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia   2013
Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia   2013
Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia   2013
Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia   2013
Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia   2013
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Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia 2013

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Lt Gen JP Singh, PVSM, AVSM (retd), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Ministry of Defence, India

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Transcript of "Counter IED Philosophy and Threat Management in the Indian Context Securing Asia 2013"

  1. 1. Internal Threat, Internally Abetted Internal Threat, Externally Abetted External Threat, Internally Abetted External Threat, Externally Abetted
  2. 2. STATES Org: Large Sized Fmns Hierarchical Wpns:Sophisticated C2: Centralised [HIGH RISK] STATE SPONSORED HYBRID Org: Moderate size Trained Disciplined Wpns: ATGMs, RPGs, Rkts, Mors, HMGs, MANPADS IEDs C2: Decentralised Cell Phones Runners [RAPIDLY EVOLVING] NON STATE IRREGULAR Org: Small Squads Cellular Structure ILL Trained Innovative Wpns: SAs,RPGs,Mors, Rkts, IEDs C2: Decentralised Cell Phones Runners [PROBABILITY HIGH] OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
  3. 3. Easy to Make. Inexpensive. Availability of Chemical Components. Multi Mode Trigger.
  4. 4. High mortality rates. Fear, Anxiety & Fatigue. Disrupts access to people, critical spaces. Shapes public opinion of conflict. Demands very expensive strategic response.
  5. 5. STRATEGIC TACTICAL •Funding. •Local leadership. •Planning. •IED employment plans. •Training. •Bomb making. •Logistic Support. •Delivering of IEDs. •Overall resource allocation. •Emplacement. •Initiation. •Event exploitation.
  6. 6.  Leadership.  Recruiting.  Training.  Target Selections & Planning.  Surveillance.  Rehearse attack.  Movement of Component and personnel.  Funding.  Supplies.  Infrastructure (Safe houses, storage).  Support (Intl, Regional, Local).  Monitor & Detonate.  Information operations.
  7. 7.  Dynamic Systemic threat comprising multiple actors, state and non state, who operate and interact within adaptive and network Systems that extend beyond geographical boundaries.
  8. 8. Potent Survive Innovative Short Loop Combination of IE
  9. 9. MILITARY PETN RDX HE C4 SEMTEX Plastic Explosive Commercial TNT Ammonia Nitrate & Aluminum Powder Ammonium Nitrate & Fuel oil Black Powder Dynamite Nitro Glycerin Urea Nitrate HME Potassium Chlorate (White Odorless Powder) Sodium Chlorate (Yellow Odorless Power) Hydrogen Peroxide(disinfectant) TATP Common HMEs HMTD built with Hydrogen Peroxide CONTAIN VARIOUS Forms of N2 (exploited by detection technology which look for Nitro/Nitrate Gps IEDs COMPONENTS Control System Detonator Booster Main Charge Packaging
  10. 10. Reduce effectiveness and lethality of IED threat to allow extended freedom of maneuver for security forces and state agencies. Prevent disruption in socio- economic activities.
  11. 11. Pan Government Approach. Coordinated effort of all applicable agencies of national power. Common understanding of Strategic environment wrt IED challenges. Building enduring capabilities.
  12. 12. TIME ATTACK THE NW DEFEAT THE DEVICE PREDICT / PREVENT IED FACILITATION & FABRICATION NEUTRALISE MITIGATE IED DETONATION TRAIN THE FORCE GEN AWARENESS CALIBERATED TRG SPECIALIST TRG
  13. 13. GATHERING IED MATERAIAL CONSTRUCTING IED CONSTRUCTED IED STORAGE INVENTORY EMPLACEMENT EMPLACED IED DETONATION DETONATED IED POPULATION RADICALISATION GREY RECRUITMENT INSURGENT NEUTRALISE
  14. 14. TIME ATTACK THE NW DEFEAT THE DEVICE PREDICT / PREVENT IED FACILITATION & FABRICATION NEUTRALISE MITIGATE IED DETONATION TRAIN THE FORCE GEN AWARENESS CALIBERATED TRG SPECIALIST TRG
  15. 15. Information Operations. Law Enforcement. Deterrence. Disrupt re supply operations. Financing network. Signal Intelligence. Biometric Analysis. Behavioral Analysis. Geographical Profiling. Forensic Tools
  16. 16. Types of IEDs o Buried IEDs o Directional/ off route mines o Booby traps o Vehicle bombs o RF IEDs IED o Explosive o Initiator o Trigger/ Switch o Power source o Casing
  17. 17. Quantity based Bulk Detection Trace Detection Vapor Detection Particulate Detection Distance of detection Point Detection Standoff detection
  18. 18. Trace Detection Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor MEMS Sensors Quartz Crystal Microbalance Fluorescent Polymer Sensor Spectroscopy (Ion Mobility/Gas Chromatography) Chemiluminescence UV Fluorescence Chemical reagents Dogs
  19. 19. Bulk Detection X-Ray Single/ Dual energy Tomography Backscatter (Single/ Double beam) Low Energy Microwave (Dielectrometry) Terahertz/ Thermal Imaging Ground Penetrating Radars Nuclear Based Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Thermal Neutron Activation Fast Neutron Activation/ Pulsed Fast Neutron Activation
  20. 20. Water jet Disrupter Laser Ordinance Disposal Plastic Explosive Jammers for RF IEDs Thermal cutter
  21. 21. Institutional Mission focused Calibrated Training General Awareness to all Ranks Specialist Training
  22. 22. Centers of Excellence Replicate 3 dimensional visualisation Modeling and Simulation Training Brain
  23. 23. Information on IEDs Modus operandi of terrorists Do’s and Dont’s Area Domination Cultivate Sources Basic technology of detection systems
  24. 24. Focus 1 (Attack the NW) C IED int Weapon Technology int Persistent Surveillance, recce, information ops IED technical and Forensic exploitation Disposal of unexploded/captured ordnance Focus 2 (Defeat the IED) Detect and neutralisation at safe stand off ranges Identification of suspicious solids & liquids Use of IED detection systems Fixed. Vehicle mtd. Man portable. Detection robots Vehicle optics sensor systems. Jammers. Mechanical route clearing devices. Misc detection kits. Focus 3 Training the trainers
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