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Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure
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Impact of Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure

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Mr. AN Roy …

Mr. AN Roy
Former DGP Maharashtra
at RPR 2012, 23-26 August, Goa, India

Published in: Business, Technology
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  • 1. 1
  • 2. Impactof Any Emergency in the Critical Infrastructure POWER Immense 2
  • 3. Types of Emergencies earthquake terroristRapidonset attack vulcano flood Tech Failure cyclone waronsetSlow civil unrest Natural Manmade 3
  • 4. Emergencies/Disasters• Earthquake - Geotechnical Instability – Little Control• Flood, Cloud Burst, Land Slide – Climate related – Little control• Storms, Cyclones, Hurricane – Climate related – Little Control• Technical Failures –• Terrorist Attack / Bomb Explosions 4
  • 5. Risk Assessment• Entire Response depends on this Anticipation & Assessment• Cross Functional• Continuous 5
  • 6. What is Emergency Management?• The dynamic process of preparing for, mitigating, responding to and recovering from an emergency.• Preparing for War During Peace.• Success in War depends on your planning, preparing & training during peace. 6
  • 7. Why Emergency Response Planning?• Quick and effective action is required during the onset of an emergency.• Large amount resource mobilisation required.• Effective action often depends on having plans in place before the disaster strikes.• Large work force involved in ER – need to be mobilised/trained / briefed / prepared. 7
  • 8. Principal Elements of Preparedness• Risks and Vulnerabilities Analysis (the broad profile of a projected emergency)• External Preparedness (what other actors are capable of doing)• Internal Capacity (what we are capable of doing)• Preparedness Actions (results of the planning process)• Identifying Resources – Human & Material• Preparing Comprehensive Emergency Response Plans 8
  • 9. Objectives of Emergency Response Plan (ERP)• Improve state of preparedness for meeting contingency.• Reduce response time in organizing the ER• Identify major resources, manpower, material and equipment needed to make the ER operational.• Optimum use of combined resources.• Clearly define Roles & Responsibility• Establish clear chain of command 9
  • 10. Phases of Emergency Management • Risk Anticipation / Assessment • Prevention • Preparedness • Response • Recovery • Review & updation 10
  • 11. DM Act 2005Section 36 : Onerous responsibility on theMinistries to ensure that suitableDisaster Management measures aretaken. 11
  • 12. DM Act 2005 Has brought into being a Policy, Legal andInstitutional Framework, backed by effectivestatutory and financial support and outlinedan integrated approach to prevention andmitigation measures. 12
  • 13. Disaster Management• In India – Apex body – NDMA – EMRI – improve community preparedness – DM Act 2005 – UNDP funded disaster risk management programme – National disaster management framework 13
  • 14. • Mainstreaming of the Emergency Response• Teams across functions & levels have to play critical role 14
  • 15. Cycle of ER management 15
  • 16. Mitigation• Preparedness – Prepare action plans • Evolve Processes for Prevention & Dealing with • Emergency response teams • Emergency warning methods • Resource Planning • Resources inventory building • Alternative Mechanisms 16
  • 17. Mitigation• Response – Mobilization of • Emergency teams – Core emergency services – Specialist teams • First responders in area • Implementing Alternatives – Runs on • Principle of unified command • Mutual aid – Immediate needs are addressed 17
  • 18. Mitigation• Recovery –Restore affected area to previous state –Rebuild, employ and repair –“window of opportunity” for implementing long-term & comprehensive measures of mitigation 18
  • 19. Management of disasters• Implementation of ERP – Single command team at control centre - planning, monitoring, resource mobilization, liaison – At site team - Repair/Replace, flow of information, recovery at site – Management of communication-separate teams at site and control. 19
  • 20. Disaster Management EMERGENCY RESPONSE READINESS During Impact Before After Impact Impact RECOVERY &Start REHABILITATION PREPAREDNESS For PREVENTION & REVIEW RECALIBRATING MITIGATION RESPONSES/ERP 20
  • 21. Planning & Recovery Process Risk Risk RiskIdentification Quantification Mitigation What was at RISK ?????  Generation  Distribution  Our Assets INCIDENT  Supply to Customers  Our Transforming Equipment  Our Employees  Our Company’s Image  Our Finances Emergency Crisis Business Response Management recovery 21
  • 22. Success of any ERP depends on• Training• Briefing Continuous• Rehearsals 22
  • 23. Feedback/ReviewRehearsal ERP Updation Training 23
  • 24. ERP• Not the job of ERP cell• Involvement of all concerned Line & Functions Staff 24
  • 25. TrainingCrucial to ER• Institutional• On the job 25
  • 26. ER• Has to become like a drill - Automatic 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. Snapshot of Deluge (26/7) 28
  • 29. Sub - Station preparedness Flood Level Upto 3 Feet: • Locations Identified • Raised the Plinth of Substation Equipments Substations in Basements: • Locations Identified • Customers objections in providing alternate locations at grnd level. Property owners sensitized to the repercussions. 29
  • 30. Sub - Station preparedness Flood Level Above 3 Feet: • Locations Identified. • Stilt + 1 Up done in affected Substations. • Raised plinth level at some of the substations. • Sealed Ring Main Units installed in substations. • Hermetically Sealed Distribution Transformers installed at few locations. 30
  • 31. Disaster Preparedness System• Prioritisation of sensitive loads (Sewage Pumping Stn, Hospitals, Schools, Tele Exchange etc.• Insulation Coating on Air type Bus Bars in Sub Stn.• Pre- Monsoon inspection and necessary corrective actions carried out for all essential equipments.• Secondary SCADA system put in place. 31
  • 32. Disaster Control Room SETTING UP OF CENTRAL ER CONTROL ROOM Hotline Facility Information Sharing ER Plan Management with Govt . Machinery.Sharing and Issue of DOs &Dissemination of DON’T’s & PressInfo Ads. CENTRAL ER CONTROL ROOM - 32
  • 33. 33
  • 34. 34
  • 35. 35

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