Psychology is the academic and applied
study of mental processes and
behaviour. Psychology also involves the
application of knowledge to various
spheres of human activity, from daily
life, work and family to the treatment of
severe mental health problems.
Today psychology is popular as:
• Why study Psychology?
1. Want to learn about the human mind? You
have come to the right place.
Why do people react to certain things in
What can make people happy or sad, and how
can we use that in the modern world?
Learning Psychology will teach you all about
the behaviour of people and how their minds
work, which can useful everywhere.
Benefit of study Psychology
1. You can go get a graduate designation and
become a professional psychologists.
It is a well respected profession around the world
and is well-paying as well.
Beyond professional psychology you can apply
your knowledge to studies of human behaviour in
anthropological and social scenarios all over the
world or in laboratory settings.
You can use your knowledge of people to pursue
a career in law, management or education. Help
save the world by helping the needy through
social work or fighting crime in criminology.
Psychology grads are in demand everywhere.
Psychologists: Ours saviours in this
Due to increase in work pressure and
competition in our lives, we face lot of
stress and burnout which may make us
depressed or lead to stress-related
In this fast-moving world psychologists play
a very important role in healing our
headache and heartache.
• Today trained psychologists are sought
after in all spheres of our lives:
From school to hospitals
From courts to NGOs
From armed forces to the corporate
• Psychology is one of the most sought after courses in
Indian universities as well.
From counselling to recruiting to understanding the
psyche of criminals and social work, there is plethora of
career options for psychology professionals.
It is observed that the need for trained psychologists to
cater to the needs of schools, colleges, hospitals, NGOs
and industry is increasing. Though the career options in
psychology are immense there is a dearth of students in
SKILLS REQUIRED TO BE A
• This career is for a person with an analytical mind and strong
A psychologist should have a tolerant, subtle, methodical and mature
He should be understanding and ethical by nature.
Difficult situations are encountered by a psychologist on a regular basis;
therefore, he must be able to handle them well.
Since psychologists work alongside other professionals like doctors, nurses,
and assistants, good team work is imperative.
The job involves interaction with individuals, couples, families, and groups
which requires attributes like intelligence, problem solving capabilities,
creative thinking, reliability and sensitivity.
Psychologists should be able to accept individuals from all strata of society
and show an interest in people and the problem they face in life.
Opinion of an expert:
“ if you are patient, a good listener
and considered as a shoulder to cry
on, then you will make a good
• Other qualities required for a
psychologist is :
An intuitive nature.
Minimum qualification for a trained
1. Master in Psychology
2. Specialization/training in one of the
following fields as per his interest and
Psychologists work in either
research, medical, clinical
or diagnostic fields;
following are the
For specialization in this field one has to do a M. Phil in Clinical
Psychology and can use counselling and therapy to treat
their patients. A clinical psychologist can work in hospitals
and NGOs and health centers. Hospitals like Max
healthcare, Escorts Heart Institute, Delhi Psychiatric Center
are among the recruiters in India.
2. CHILD OR DEVELOPMENTAL
A student with M.A. in Psychology can work in the
field of child psychology and can counsell in
schools, colleges, NGOs and research
organizations. A child psychologists deals with
behavioural problems like hypertension, learning
disabilities, aggression, dyslexia and other stress
“ The scope in this field is increasing as there are
more schools opting for counselors not only
for students to discuss their problems, but
guide them with career options by assessing
their aptitude and interest via psychological
3. ORGANIZATIONAL OR INDUSTRIAL
A M.A. in Psychology with specialization in this or a
MBA in Human Resource (HR) or a Diploma in
Personnel Management and Industrial Relations is
required. Here, the corporate house hire psychologists
to apply psychological principles and techniques for
recruitment purposes, counseling and dealing with
administration, management and marketing problems.
BPOs like Wipro, American Express, Empower and
HCL are among the recruiters.
4. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
M.A. in Psychology or Sociology or a Diploma
in Counselling can enable students to work in
NGOs or Rehabilitation Centers. They deal
with divorces, relationships, work pressure,
marriages, sexual abuse, harassment, alcohol
and drugs. NGOs like Praayas, Sanjivani,
Saarthak, Richmond foundation, Amitasha hire
5. DEFENCE/MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY
The need for trained psychologists is immense in
defence services--- from recruiting army personnel to
counsel them. There is always a psychologist in the
selection board for jawans. They also counsel them
and help them to adjust in high altitudes and places
far from home. Defence organizations like Defence
Institute of Psychological Research (DIPR) and
Defence Research and Development Organization
(DRDO) hire trained psychologists.
6. CRIMINAL PSYCHOLOGY/ FORENSIC
Though this field has not developed much in
India but trained criminologists can work with
police, jails, juvenile centres, and hospitals.
A professional in this field can work as:
Law enforcement Consultant
Forensic Civil justice staff
Developing and executing treatment
Understanding criminals mind and behaviour
Understanding the changing behaviour of
Creating new activities to manage stress of
staff and prisoners
Producing expert evidence in court
“ After 9/11 police forces have taken the aid of
trained psychologists to review the crime
scene and understand the psyche of terrorists.
Hence the one interested have a good scope
abroad. The need is also felt in forensic
SELF EMPLOYED PSYCHOLOGISTS
They can own and manage their own business
and have full control over their affairs. There
is potential to earn high salaries in this
profession, and it provides challenges and calls
for creative thinking.
Psychologists also enjoy having a high status in
society in which they are well recognized and
Employment opportunities are estimated to grow
between 10 and 20 % by 2010, which is faster than
the average for all occupations. Opportunities are
especially on the rise for those with a
Some specialities like school, industrial and clinical
psychologies are rapidly expanding, hence
necessitating the need for more trained professionals.
LOCATIONS FOR GOOD CAREER
Job opportunities exist in virtually every
Europe, USA, New Zealand and Australia
are popular places to try out for research
Chances are especially bright in third world
countries due to a lack of psychologists.