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Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
Sansoni & Valentini - input2012
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Sansoni & Valentini - input2012

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Elisa Valentini and Michele Sansoni on "Expert system for environmental assessment" …

Elisa Valentini and Michele Sansoni on "Expert system for environmental assessment"

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  • 1. “Expert system” forenvironmental assessment Elisa Valentini - University of Bologna Michele Sansoni - Environment Agency Emilia-Romagna INPUT 2012 Cagliari,11th May 2012
  • 2. Goals• Development of a methodology to assess theenvironmental sensitivity of energy systems• Development of sensitivity maps for Emilia-Romagna Region• Support tool useful to facilitate the proceduresof Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) andStrategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
  • 3. Methodology 1a. 1b.Types of plants Sensitivity themes Expert system for environmental 2. Interference rules assessment 3. data Interference matrix models 4. Research of themes 5. Sensitivity maps
  • 4. Environmental sensitivityEnvironmental sensitivity : “tendency of an environment to beaffected by anthropogenic pressures” Energy facilities and infrastructures Land use Regional and local territorial plans Natural ecosystems …… SENSITIVITY Overlay mapping
  • 5. 1a. Types of plants- Wind farm- Hydroelectric plants- Biomass combustion plants- Fossil fuel power plants- Power lines
  • 6. 1b. Sensitivity themes N. Sensitivity themes 1 Airports 2 Instability areas 3 Archeological areas 4 Methane pipelines 5 Military areas 6 Historical roads system 7 Hill systems 8 Environmental protection areas 9 Crests 10 River basins and rivers 11 Contaminated sites 12 Power lines ….. …………….
  • 7. 2. Interference rules - Themes that represent ties and special preservation defined by law.PURPLE - Very high criticality: maximum level of territorial sensitivity. - Exclusion zone. - Themes that reveal a major inconsistency with the inclusion of the plant; not expressed by specific law but from a technical opinion. RED - High criticality: level of territorial sensitivity very high. -Need more information and careful evaluation of all critical factors involved. -Themes that have a certain incompatibility with the inclusion of the plant.YELLOW - Average criticality: sensitive area. -Critical evaluation of all factors involved: proper plant choices or management could overcome criticalities. - Themes reveal no special exclusion or inclusion of the plant building.WHITE - No criticality: information themes that characterize territorial context. - Themes that are preferential for the building of the plant.GREEN - Preferential zone
  • 8. 3. Interference matrix BiomassN. Sensitivity themes Wind farm .. plant1 Airports P R2 Instability areas R R3 Archeological areas Y Y4 Methane pipelines G G5 Military areas R R6 Historical roads system Y Y7 Hill systems Y Y8 Environmental protection areas P P9 Crests R Y10 River basins and rivers Y Y11 Contaminated sites R R12 Power lines P P….. …………….
  • 9. 4. Research of themes• Research and analysis of databases (Region, ARPA, Provinces, Municipalities, etc…)• Organisation of data with the same common structure• Elaboration of data: geoprocessing and overlay mapping
  • 10. 5. Sensitivity maps• Overlay of the various themes into a single thematic map using GIS• Exclusion areas (PURPLE) prevail on high (RED) and average (YELLOW) attention areas which prevail on attraction (GREEN) areas• “Traffic light maps“ allow to: – have an overview of the ties for the inclusion of a plant in a given site (in particular exclusion areas coherent with regional rules); – identify "feasibility areas“, where it could be possible to build new plants
  • 11. 5. Sensitivity maps
  • 12. 5. Web GIShttp://servizigis.arpa.emr.it/Geovistaweb/
  • 13. Conclusions• Analysis of the plan/project area – Identification of sensitivity themes (and ties) and related information• Criticalities framework – Useful for simplifying screening and scoping phases (EIA, SEA) – Identification of critical issues on which focus the monitoring of plan/project – Help in planning phases (and writing of environmental report) and support in making choices between different alternatives• Support in building permissions – Zoning maps: the traffic-light map shows potential exclusion zones, areas of attention and areas which present opportunities for the siting – Link between SEA and EIA
  • 14. Thank you for your attention Elisa Valentini Michele SansoniDIEM, University of Bologna Arpa Emilia-Romagna elisa.valentini11@unibo.it michelesansoni@arpa.emr.it www.diem.unibo.it www.arpa.emr.it/energia

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