A feasibility study for new transport        connections between Italia and Algeria                                Prof. A...
INTRODUCTIONThe present study is part of the Executive Scientific Project 2 in theItalMed Project which aim is to elaborat...
INTRODUCTION                                THE STUDYThe analysis is divided in four parts:1) Definition of hypothesis of ...
INTRODUCTION                           ALGERIAN ECONOMYAlgerian economy is nowadays based on production and manufacture of...
INTRODUCTION                          ALGERIAN ECONOMYA large part of the active population works in agriculture and the G...
INTRODUCTION                           ACTUAL IMPORT-EXPORT TRENDSData of European section of ISTAT (Italian Statistical A...
INTRODUCTION                           ACTUAL IMPORT-EXPORT TRENDSExports from Algeria hasa greater geographicalspread, bu...
INTRODUCTION               PASSENGERS TRANSPORT DEMAND FOR ALGERIAData from the European              In the central-south...
DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES                                 EXISTING SERVICESThis first part consisted in theresearch...
DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES                                EXISTING SERVICESIn the central Italy Pisa Airport is one ...
In terms of air traffic the company with the largest number of links between these four                                   ...
DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES                            PROPOSED SERVICESThe proposed services are four, one with air ...
DEMAND ESTIMATION         DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESA transport cost/time model was elaboratedfor italian...
DEMAND ESTIMATION       DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESTime cost functions               Seventh International...
DEMAND ESTIMATION       DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESMonetary costfunctions                Seventh Internati...
DEMAND ESTIMATION        DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESThe first results of the modelwith the gravitational a...
DEMAND ESTIMATION                          WORKING IN PROGRESSA Stated Preferences Survey was elaborated with an interview...
DEMAND ESTIMATION                  SOME PROBLEMSShipping cost (euro) comparison for some African Countries    Seventh Inte...
DEMAND ESTIMATION                  SOME PROBLEMSShipping time (days) comparison for some African Countries    Seventh Inte...
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Pratelli, Petri, Rindone & De Bari - input2012

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Antonio Pratelli, Massimiliano Petri, Corrado Rindone and Francescalberto de Bari on "A feasibility study for new transport connections between Italia and Algeria"

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Pratelli, Petri, Rindone & De Bari - input2012

  1. 1. A feasibility study for new transport connections between Italia and Algeria Prof. Antonio Pratelli Eng. Massimiliano Petri Doct. Corrado Rindone Doct. Francescalberto de Bari Polo Sistemi Logistici di Livorno - Laboratorio LOGIT, University of Pisa Seventh International Conference on Informatics and Urban and Regional Planning 10-12 May 2012Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Archit., Univ.of Cagliari (Italy)
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONThe present study is part of the Executive Scientific Project 2 in theItalMed Project which aim is to elaborate feasibility studies for newtransport connections between Italia and Algeria. AIMThe main objective of the study is to increase the degree of economicintegration of the two countries’ production systems throughimproving commercial exchanges and direct investments by Italiancompanies in Algeria. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION THE STUDYThe analysis is divided in four parts:1) Definition of hypothesis of scheduled services between Italian ports/airports and Algeria;2) Comparative analysis of the competitiveness of hypothetical scheduled services in relation to existing services;3) Estimation of the potential demand for the scheduled services envisaged in the project;4) Analysis of present and future constraints to the development of the proposed routes.In this presentation only the first and third part where described fortheir geographical and modeling approach. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION ALGERIAN ECONOMYAlgerian economy is nowadays based on production and manufacture ofhydrocarbons (natural gas and oil).Natural gas fields are almost inexhaustible so that they ensure the futurecontinuity of the most important item in the budget of the country.In the last years the value of italian export to Algeria is increasing while importof Algerian goods to Italy is fluctuating.Among Italian exports to Algeria there are thermal and hydraulic turbines andother machines that produce mechanical energy.The Algerian government is generally committed to open the countryseconomy and attract more foreign investment, particularly in areas not relatedto hydrocarbons. The expansion of the construction sector should be guidedby the government program to improve infrastructure and building economicexpansion for the growing young population. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION ALGERIAN ECONOMYA large part of the active population works in agriculture and the Governmentis committed to this area, strongly rooted in the culture of the country, tryingto increase their yields through programs for the expansion of irrigated areas.Despite the efforts of the Algerian government, the country is still heavilydependent on other countries by importing large quantities of food andagricultural products. This is another outlet for many Italian farms.The success of the ‘Made in Italy’ in the algerian market (usually characterizedby the 4 A – Agroalimentare -Food, Arredamento-furniture, Abbigliamento-clothing, Automazione industriale-industrial automation) occurs mainlythrough the industrial automation sector, which represents over 75% of theAlgerian demand of Italian goods, confirming its status as a priority sector forour exports. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION ACTUAL IMPORT-EXPORT TRENDSData of European section of ISTAT (Italian Statistical Agency) called COWEB. Total import and export between Italy and Algeria in the years 2009 and 2010 The import market from Algeria is limited to only 20 Italian provinces where the first 4 cover more than 98% of the total. The result is a very concentrated market Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION ACTUAL IMPORT-EXPORT TRENDSExports from Algeria hasa greater geographicalspread, but smallerquantities of goods (5.5%of imports, that’s to say21.6 mil. vs. € 394 mil. €). Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION PASSENGERS TRANSPORT DEMAND FOR ALGERIAData from the European In the central-southern Italy the only area with a number ofproject DATELINE were Long Distance Journeys to Africa not low is Lazio region.collected to evaluate the The European Countries with more LD journeys are France,demand from passengers Germany, United Kingdom and Spain; the proposed routestransport from EU to Algeria. must create a network with these Countries with marittimethis project has elaborated a ro-ro types or air connections.survey to European citizens(interviews with a sample ofmore than 86,000 residents inthe European Union and theirjourneys with distance greaterthan 100 km) and it wasreconstructed the O/D Matrixfor all Long Distance Journeyand relative to all transportmodes. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  9. 9. DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES EXISTING SERVICESThis first part consisted in theresearch and analysis of data andinformation related to existingconnections and about the actualThe analysisof goods exported andquantities of existing routesshowed that the Algeria so to allowimported from connections areprevalent to the area north-central oflinking transport supply withItaly, while the central area betweendemand. of Tuscany and Lazio isthe southWith regard to information onthistotally absent of links. In practiceexisting routes between the twoarea is comprised in the centercountries, information fromTyrrhenian-Adriatic Logistics Platformspecialized journals have been(as called in the National LogisticsPlan).collected (Messaggero Marittimoand Avvisatore Marittimo ofSeptember 2011). Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  10. 10. DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES EXISTING SERVICESIn the central Italy Pisa Airport is one of the more important with many links withFrance, Germany and France. 60 Links with Pisa Galilei Airport 50 40 30 20 10 0 Spain Germany England France * Others Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  11. 11. In terms of air traffic the company with the largest number of links between these four After Milan and Rome airports, the biggest number 34 34 Valencia (Spagna) Tenerife (Spagna) of connections are linked to Pisa Airport 49 Stoccolma (Svezia)DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES 37 Siviglia (Spagna) 28 Reus (Spagna) 48 Malaga (Spagna) 42 Madrid (Spagna) 31 28 Ibiza (Spagna) 10-12 May 2012 Gran Canaria (Spagna) 46 Girona (Spagna) 18 Fuerteventura (Spagna) 28 Barcelona (Spagna) 56 Alicante (Spagna) 18 Bratislava (Slovacchia) 31 29 Faro (Portogallo) Porto (Portogallo) 22 Cracovia (Polonia) Countries and Italy is Ryanair that has its Hub in Pisa Airport. 15 Breslavia (Polonia) 28 Eindhoven (Paesi Bassi) 22 Malta 16 20 Kaunas (Lituania) Riga (Lettonia) Seventh International Conference INPUT 63 Dublino (Irlanda) EXISTING SERVICES 26 Manchester (UK) 136 Londra (UK) Ryanair Network 41 Liverpool (UK) 23 23 Leeds (UK) Glasgow (UK) Airport 34 East Midlands (UK) 29 Bristol (UK) 12 Bournemouth (UK) 23 Brimingham (UK) 12 15 13 Rodi (Grecia) Monaco (Germania) Karlsruhe-Baden… 53 Francoforte (Germania) 46 Dusseldorf (Germania) 23 Brema (Germania) 46 Parigi (Francia) 22 Marsiglia (Francia) 14 11 13 Tampere (Finlandia) Talllinn (Estonia) Billund (Danimarca) 73 Bruxelles (Belgio) 12 Fez (Marocco) 24 Marrakesh (Marocco) 48 Oslo (Norvegia) 19 Venezia (Italia) 34 Trapani (Italia) 49 Roma (Italia) 12 Palermo (Italia) 69 Milano (Italia) 26 Cagliari (Italia) 14 Brindisi (Italia) 31 Bologna (Italia) 21 22 Bari (Italia) Alghero (Italia) 46 PISA (Italia) 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Links number
  12. 12. DEFINITION OF TRANSPORT SERVICES PROPOSED SERVICESThe proposed services are four, one with air and three maritime links. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  13. 13. DEMAND ESTIMATION DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESA transport cost/time model was elaboratedfor italian and algerian territory.Moreover, by means of cost functions, thetravel impedance for each arc was evaluated soto construct the gravitational area of each portboth for Italy side than Algeria one. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  14. 14. DEMAND ESTIMATION DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESTime cost functions Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  15. 15. DEMAND ESTIMATION DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESMonetary costfunctions Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  16. 16. DEMAND ESTIMATION DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR THE PROPOSED SERVICESThe first results of the modelwith the gravitational areaanalysis show how the demandItaly-side, intercepted from theport of Livorno, is mainlyregional, due to theconformation of the Italian roadnetwork with a possibleexpansion to Emilia Romagnaand Veneto regions. Instead, theCivitavecchia and Naples portshave a greater gravitationalbasin so, therefore, to fullyjustify the suggested routes. Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  17. 17. DEMAND ESTIMATION WORKING IN PROGRESSA Stated Preferences Survey was elaborated with an interview (alwaysongoing) to some companies that have been identified as possible users of theshipping services designed or that currently trades with Algeria.The first results of the survey show that the potential attractiveness is veryhigh for both imports than exports to Algeria, but, at present, this possibility islimited by high port costs (eg. cost of goods handling) and excessivebureaucracy impact (eg. number of documents and others). Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  18. 18. DEMAND ESTIMATION SOME PROBLEMSShipping cost (euro) comparison for some African Countries Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012
  19. 19. DEMAND ESTIMATION SOME PROBLEMSShipping time (days) comparison for some African Countries Seventh International Conference INPUT 10-12 May 2012

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