5/17/2012   1
STUDEN NAME :RAFIF HATIM ABDELMALIK                          MAY 20125/17/2012                                         2
•   Introduction•   Aim•   Objective•    Soba•   LEED-ND, GIS, MCDM•   Out comes5/17/2012                3
Sustainabledevelopment                                Neighborhood“development that meets the needs       “The way the cou...
The design of the neighborhood is one of the foundations of sustainableenvironment. Neighborhood location is the primary b...
• Sustainable planning needs sustainable identification for        differ of function within redevelopment areas.      • E...
The aim of this paper is to develop a guide line for the newdevelopment of neighborhoods by integrating smart neighborhood...
• Assess the present and the future growth of Soba’s  neighborhoods with regard to smart location principles.• Determine t...
Soba                         The worlds longest river, the Nile , divides the                         country between east...
•  Metropolitan Khartoum, which comprises Khartoum, Khartoum  North and Omdurman, has an area of 802.5 km2. It is located ...
• Soba is located on west ( 15.6040 N, 32.5298E) .It is about  17.4 km straight line from Khartoum .Soba is a previous  ne...
The scope of this work is to define the principles for the   neighborhood smart location to fulfill them in Soba area in t...
LEED-ND                       There is no consensus on what makes a                       neighborhood sustainable or how ...
Principles                                 Methodology                    Using overlay technique, the area can be        ...
LEED-ND•   Smart Location.•   Imperiled Species and Ecological Communities.•   Wetland and Water body Conservation.•   Agr...
5/17/2012   16
Smart Location•           “Infill site, or•         Adjacent site withconnectivity on developmentland , or•         Transi...
5/17/2012   18
Implied Species and Ecological                    Communities• The site has to be free from Species or  ecological communi...
5/17/2012   20
Wetland and Water Body Conservation• The conservation zone is 100 feet  (30.48 meter) around the water  body and 50 feet o...
Agricultural Land Conservation• Soil type5/17/2012                               22
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Floodplain avoidance Date     Water level      River width August 29, 2006 16.86     379.86 August 30, 2006 16.95     379....
5/17/2012   25
Housing and Job Proximity• The purpose of this principle  is to have a mix use area  within the neighborhood.• The criteri...
Street Network• It is the zone with  street intersects on  site boundary at least  every 400 feet .This  will encourage th...
MCDM• These methods have been evolved since 1950 to help  decision makers in either ranking a known set of  alternatives f...
Principle                   Rate   Weight                    Smart location              3      0.150                    W...
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OUT COMES(1) identify the location and the size of the suitable sites    for neighborhood development,(2) identify zones b...
ConclusionDevelopment is a complex process involving its specialdimension, social, economic and environmental implication....
5/17/2012   35
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Rafif Hatim Abdelmalik on "Redevelopment suitable site for Soba Neighborhood based on LEED-ND and GIS"

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Abdelmalik - input2012

  1. 1. 5/17/2012 1
  2. 2. STUDEN NAME :RAFIF HATIM ABDELMALIK MAY 20125/17/2012 2
  3. 3. • Introduction• Aim• Objective• Soba• LEED-ND, GIS, MCDM• Out comes5/17/2012 3
  4. 4. Sustainabledevelopment Neighborhood“development that meets the needs “The way the countries, the cities or the of the present without neighborhoods grow—especially how compromising the ability of future generations to meet their and where do grow—will have a own needs” (Brundtland profound effect on our planet and on Commission, 1987). us. Land use and neighborhood design“Suitability analysis techniques integrate three factors of an area patterns create a particular physical : location , development reality and complete behaviors that activities , and biophysical / have a significant effect on the environmental processes” (Miller , Collins et al .1998 ) environmental performance of a given place” (Liv Haselbach 2008). • Open spaces • Civic building • Historic building 5/17/2012 4
  5. 5. The design of the neighborhood is one of the foundations of sustainableenvironment. Neighborhood location is the primary basic to improve and save the environment . • Disorganized• Sustainable development. future extension.• Accessibility and mobility. • Traffic Congestion• Encouragement of social • Pollution . activities. • Sprawl .• Low cost .5/17/2012 5
  6. 6. • Sustainable planning needs sustainable identification for differ of function within redevelopment areas. • Each area background need special criteria5/17/2012 6
  7. 7. The aim of this paper is to develop a guide line for the newdevelopment of neighborhoods by integrating smart neighborhoodlocation analysis with geographic information system (GIS) technologyin order to be more sustainable in (Soba).5/17/2012 7
  8. 8. • Assess the present and the future growth of Soba’s neighborhoods with regard to smart location principles.• Determine the guidelines for the sustainable development.• To generate a scenarios of the smart location by integrating analysis with geographic information system technology.5/17/2012 8
  9. 9. Soba The worlds longest river, the Nile , divides the country between east and west sides. It is generally flat plains, broken by several mountain ranges Officially the Republic of the( Sudan) is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest country in Africa and in the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area.5/17/2012 9
  10. 10. • Metropolitan Khartoum, which comprises Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman, has an area of 802.5 km2. It is located at the point where the White Nile, flowing north from Uganda, meets the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. Soba is an existing neighborhood in Khartoum the capital of Sudan• Within the past century, the city has expanded 250 times in area and 114 times in population. The population of metropolitan Khartoum is now estimated to be more than five million, ( Babiker, B. ,2003) . The capital is sprawling rather than dense: population density in metropolitan Khartoum was estimated at approx imately 163 persons/km² in 2004.• Four master plans have been established for the development of Khartoum since independence. Most were only partially implemented, and a new plan is currently in process.( Abdulhafeez Awad Hafazalla,2008)5/17/2012 10
  11. 11. • Soba is located on west ( 15.6040 N, 32.5298E) .It is about 17.4 km straight line from Khartoum .Soba is a previous neighborhood area which now a days , has a huge new planned and unplanned development movement. There are many different functions of building located in that neighborhood such as Solar Energy Research , Sport city , Soba hospital , Main hospital for the heart disease , and many new housing settlement• The population in Soba around 170.000. The first tribes lived on Soba were Jaleen , shyqia and rofaaeen. Now a day’s Soba is a model of the good live hood and relation between the citizens. The Crawl population is heading towards in Soba . ( Sudan Post-CONFLICT ENVIRONMENTA ASSESSMENT, 2008)5/17/2012 11
  12. 12. The scope of this work is to define the principles for the neighborhood smart location to fulfill them in Soba area in the south part of Khartoum. Studying Soba to assess the smart location presently and the next 10 years in term of sustainable environment, economy and society . Install our analysis in the GIS software to get accurate and faster result .Using the software to determine a model for the neighborhood smart location.5/17/2012 12
  13. 13. LEED-ND There is no consensus on what makes a neighborhood sustainable or how to measure the sustainability of urban form (Garde, 2009). GIS MCDM Multi-criteria decision making methods are conventional methods that assist decision makers to analyze and solve numerous criteria decision problems.5/17/2012 13
  14. 14. Principles Methodology Using overlay technique, the area can be classified into suitable, moderate and unsuitable zones as they fulfill different level of the LEED-ND principles and criteria. Accurate result The Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was adopted to further examine the suitability of the criteria. The paper concludes with discussion on how LEED-ND can be adopted to suit the development of the study area.5/17/2012 14
  15. 15. LEED-ND• Smart Location.• Imperiled Species and Ecological Communities.• Wetland and Water body Conservation.• Agricultural Land Conservation.• Floodplain Conservation.• Housing and Job Proximity.• Steep Slope Protection.• Street network.5/17/2012 15
  16. 16. 5/17/2012 16
  17. 17. Smart Location• “Infill site, or• Adjacent site withconnectivity on developmentland , or• Transit corridor orroute with adequate transitservice , or• Site with nearbyneighborhood assets” (Congressfor the New Urbanism, 2009).5/17/2012 17
  18. 18. 5/17/2012 18
  19. 19. Implied Species and Ecological Communities• The site has to be free from Species or ecological community or, it will be need treatment conservation. The study area has no special species or communities except in the land that used for agriculture which need to be conserved. Thus for the study area the agriculture land will be delivered.5/17/2012 19
  20. 20. 5/17/2012 20
  21. 21. Wetland and Water Body Conservation• The conservation zone is 100 feet (30.48 meter) around the water body and 50 feet of the wetland based on LEED-ND 2009. The wetland and water body conservation is the result of using the overlay tools by buffering 100 feet around the Nile revier. Convertor tools has used to get the raster layer and reclassified by the raster reclassifying rater function.5/17/2012 21
  22. 22. Agricultural Land Conservation• Soil type5/17/2012 22
  23. 23. 5/17/2012 23
  24. 24. Floodplain avoidance Date Water level River width August 29, 2006 16.86 379.86 August 30, 2006 16.95 379.95 August 31, 2006 17.02 380.02 September 1, 2006 17.08 380.08 September 2, 2006 17.04 380.04 September 3, 2006 16.92 379.92 September 4, 2006 16.66 379.66 September 5, 2006 16.51 379.51 September 6, 2006 16.43 379.43 September 7, 2006 16.43 379.43 September 8, 2006 16.54 379.54 September 9, 2006 16.64 379.64 September 10, 2006 16.69 379.69 September 11, 2006 16.73 379.73 September 12, 2006 16.73 379.73 September 13, 2006 16.62 379.62 September 14, 2006 16.54 379.545/17/2012 24 September 15, 2006 16.56 379.56
  25. 25. 5/17/2012 25
  26. 26. Housing and Job Proximity• The purpose of this principle is to have a mix use area within the neighborhood.• The criteria:• As mention in the methodology chapter, the zones have to be:• The total building is within ½ mile distance of existing full time equivalent jobs.5/17/2012 26
  27. 27. Street Network• It is the zone with street intersects on site boundary at least every 400 feet .This will encourage the daily physical life and decrease the MVT.5/17/2012 27
  28. 28. MCDM• These methods have been evolved since 1950 to help decision makers in either ranking a known set of alternatives for prob-lem or making a choice among this set while considering the conflicting criteria.• According to Saaty . T. L. (2003), making a ranking questionnaire for the principles was the first step. Taking those output data and set them in the Expert Choice software to get the weight of each principle by setting the pairwise has done as the third step. There is a scale for the pairwise according to Saaty (1980).5/17/2012 28
  29. 29. Principle Rate Weight Smart location 3 0.150 Wetland and water 5 0.117 body conservation Slope protection 2 0.049 Flood avoidance 5 0.032 Street network 5 0.084 Housing and job 5 0.060 proximity Agriculture 2 0.215 conservation Site selection 2 0.267 Imperiled species 2 0.026 protection5/17/2012 29
  30. 30. 5/17/2012 30
  31. 31. 5/17/2012 31
  32. 32. 5/17/2012 32
  33. 33. OUT COMES(1) identify the location and the size of the suitable sites for neighborhood development,(2) identify zones based on their need in term of how to improve them,(3) extract the planning missing elements in each zone and use them for improvement and development,(4) identify the level of suitability of the administrative build-ings and take it into account for the development plan,(5) determine the suitable functions to locate them in each zone based on the principle achievement.5/17/2012 33
  34. 34. ConclusionDevelopment is a complex process involving its specialdimension, social, economic and environmental implication.GIS has demonstrated to be a technology capable ofintegrating various data sets both qualitative and quantitativein a single system. This is even more important within the con-text of sustainable development the implementation of whichregards the evaluation of economic, social, and environmentalparameters against pre-established targets. GIS has been usedin the spatial problem definition, but it has failed to supportthe ultimate of the general decision –making processconcerning prioritizing the alternative. To achieve thisrequirement, Multi Criteria Decision Making has been used.5/17/2012 34
  35. 35. 5/17/2012 35

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