Arve Foyen "How does IT impact on the practise of law"

768 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
768
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • better information : At European level, it means providing information on some national procedures in all official languages of EU improving judicial cooperation Important issue as judicial answer to cross border crime is a request of EU citizen increasing the efficiency of justice It is important to use ICT to save money and time during procedures, but it also important to consider this issue also in respect of increasing the quality of procedures (for exemple use videoconference to hear a witness which would not have been heard otherwise improve the quality of the court hearings)
  • better information : At European level, it means providing information on some national procedures in all official languages of EU improving judicial cooperation Important issue as judicial answer to cross border crime is a request of EU citizen increasing the efficiency of justice It is important to use ICT to save money and time during procedures, but it also important to consider this issue also in respect of increasing the quality of procedures (for exemple use videoconference to hear a witness which would not have been heard otherwise improve the quality of the court hearings)
  • better information : At European level, it means providing information on some national procedures in all official languages of EU improving judicial cooperation Important issue as judicial answer to cross border crime is a request of EU citizen increasing the efficiency of justice It is important to use ICT to save money and time during procedures, but it also important to consider this issue also in respect of increasing the quality of procedures (for exemple use videoconference to hear a witness which would not have been heard otherwise improve the quality of the court hearings)
  • better information : At European level, it means providing information on some national procedures in all official languages of EU improving judicial cooperation Important issue as judicial answer to cross border crime is a request of EU citizen increasing the efficiency of justice It is important to use ICT to save money and time during procedures, but it also important to consider this issue also in respect of increasing the quality of procedures (for exemple use videoconference to hear a witness which would not have been heard otherwise improve the quality of the court hearings)
  • Arve Foyen "How does IT impact on the practise of law"

    1. 1. How does IT impact on the practice of law Arve Føyen Advokat www.foyen.no [email_address]
    2. 2.
    3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Trends of IT influence on lawyers’ practise of the law </li></ul><ul><li>EU activities in the field of IT in the practice of law </li></ul><ul><li>CCBE activities in the field of IT in the practise of law </li></ul><ul><li>Substantive law issues </li></ul>
    4. 4. Trends of IT influence on lawyers <ul><li>IT as a tool for lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>e-government </li></ul><ul><li>e-justice </li></ul><ul><li>Substantive law issues </li></ul>
    5. 5. IT as a tool for lawyers <ul><li>The bread and butter – office organisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing and Document handling systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accounting, time recording and billing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HR and handling of employees, career management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CRM and client handling </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. IT as a tool for lawyers <ul><li>Tool in the legal work of the lawyers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case handling, collaboration and communication with </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colleagues within your own firm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colleagues and experts etc outside your firm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Client and the opposite party in conflicts and negotiations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In communication and handling cases with public authorities both on governement and municipal level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In communiction and handling cases with the police and the courts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All sorts of communication by mail and web interfaces </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. IT as a tool for lawyers <ul><li>Legal sources retrieval, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internally – library, templates, knowledge management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Externally libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation, secondary legislation and preparatory works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caselaw and administrative decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Factual retrieval </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public registers (land and building registryand registry of encumberance of land and assets, company register, registry of wills, registry of cars etc. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. e -government
    9. 9.
    10. 10. The information society – in Norway? <ul><li>99,9% of households have broadband Internet access </li></ul><ul><li>More than 91 % of pop. have used Internet the last 3 months </li></ul><ul><li>Public Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Modernisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Norway 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Justice </li></ul>
    11. 11. – simplified electronic dialogue
    12. 12. Altinn is the Norwegian government’s portal for electronic dialogue with businesses … but does even contain significant services for citizens – simplified electronic dialogue
    13. 13. Tax return for businesses – more than 60 percent market penetration – simplified electronic dialogue
    14. 14. At the end of 2008, electronic reporting of all public forms required by law had been made available through Altinn. – simplified electronic dialogue
    15. 15. Why electronic ID and digital signatures? <ul><li>It has become clear that many new services depend on the existence of an infrastructure for electronic ID and signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Roll out and maintenance of new ID-schemes is expensive, and single government units can not bear this cost alone </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens already have too many passwords and PIN-codes to keep track of </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic ID and digital signatures is the security mechanism that meets future needs for security and functionality </li></ul>
    16. 16. 4 security levels and PKI Log in with pin codes distributed by post or sms at security level 2 … … or with smart card at security level 4 – simplified electronic dialogue
    17. 17. IT in the Norwegian Judiciary
    18. 18. IT in the court system in Norway <ul><li>General background </li></ul><ul><li>The Norwegian court system </li></ul><ul><li>Courts and computers – Reorganization of Court administration </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with courts – Status and History </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative background for progress </li></ul><ul><li>Trial projects and progress plans </li></ul>
    19. 19. The Norwegian Judiciary <ul><li>One jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Simple court structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>92 District courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 Courts of appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Courts Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 2002 </li></ul>
    20. 20. Technological development in the Norwegian Judiciary – I <ul><li>First wave </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Late 80-ies early 90-ies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private Public Sector initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Lovdata (legal retrieval) was established in 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>Technical infrastructure to courts </li></ul><ul><li>Land Registry (courts) </li></ul><ul><li>Case Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting Software </li></ul><ul><li>Time standards </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of administrative staff </li></ul>
    21. 21. Renewing the Land Register Systems
    22. 22. Norwegian Land Registry Background and history: NE was established to transfer the former paperbased Land Register to electronic form (6 M Pages) Performed 1988 - 1995
    23. 23. Norwegian Land Registry (NLR) <ul><li>State owned company under the Ministry of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>57 employees </li></ul><ul><li>Data-distribution from the Land Register </li></ul><ul><li>IT-development and computer operations </li></ul><ul><li>NE develops a new Land and Title register for Norway </li></ul>
    24. 24. Technological development in the Norwegian Judiciary – II <ul><li>Second wave: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy from 1997 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New system portfolio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Should be the basis for e -courts </li></ul><ul><li>WAN </li></ul><ul><li>A new CMS for the judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>Land Registry System </li></ul><ul><li>Common portal on the web </li></ul><ul><li>Intranet </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting system </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>The LOVISA-project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development (2001 – 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction in the judiciary (2001 – 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NOK 173 mill / USD 27,6 mill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>78% on development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22% on introduction to the courts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personell resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total 75 persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Judges, administrative staff, technical staff, consultant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the most 50 persons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agreement with an external contractor </li></ul>
    26. 26. New Civil Procedures Act 2005 <ul><li>Legislation aims at technology neutrality </li></ul><ul><li>Legislation opens for electronic communication </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves it to administration to implement and to decide when and to which extent electronic communication shall be allowed or mandatory </li></ul>
    27. 27. Legal foundation for Electronic communication with courts <ul><li>The Court Act, section 197 A - The Government may: </li></ul><ul><li>Decide that communication with the courts which according to law shall be in writing, may be made electronically </li></ul><ul><li>By regulations make exception from a legal requirement to communicate in writing, when the communication is made electronically </li></ul><ul><li>By regulations implement more detailed rules regarding electronic communication with the courts, including rules regarding signature, authentication, integrity and confidentiality, and rules stipulating requirements to products, services and standards required for such communication. </li></ul>
    28. 28. Lovisa is based on five thesis
    29. 29. Thesis one <ul><li>A modern case management system should be based on case flow aimed at steering each case trough the court in an expedient way </li></ul>
    30. 30. Thesis two <ul><li>A modern case management system should open for a flexible way of managing each case individually </li></ul><ul><li>The case management should be based on the characteristics of the individual case, </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: That the case may be brought to an end within a reasonable and foreseeable time frame </li></ul>
    31. 31. Thesis three <ul><li>A modern case management system should be integrated with e-filing, in developing e-courts </li></ul><ul><li>The parties should be able to integrate their own case management system with the case management system of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>The parties should also be able to take responsibility for simple parts of the managing of the case based on self service principles </li></ul>
    32. 32. Thesis four <ul><li>A modern case management system should be a part of an integrated criminal justice chain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosecution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defence lawyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prison administration </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Thesis five <ul><li>To succeed, a modern case management system needs a strong involvement from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Court administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative staff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>in developing new business procedures and in getting acceptance from these groups in the courts </li></ul>
    34. 34. How can it be done?
    35. 35.
    36. 36. The European Commission The e-justice initiative
    37. 37. <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Demand of justice is increasing throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The Judiciary has to adapt new working methods </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>economic relations within Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cross-border relations leads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transnational procedures both in civil and criminal matters) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 2007, 10 Millions Europeans are involved in a transnational procedure (source: Eurobarometer) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13 % Europeans might be concerned in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action is needed at European level </li></ul>E-Justice Commission initiative European Commission Directorate-General Freedom Security Justice
    38. 38. E-Justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom Security Justice <ul><li>What are the main requirements? </li></ul><ul><li>Give priority to operational projects allowing short term, medium term and long term visibility of the added value of the European Union </li></ul><ul><li>Improve synergy between EU and national level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support of national initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect decentralised architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Put emphasis on projects allowing improvement of the effectiveness of adopted legal instrument </li></ul>
    39. 39. E-Justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom Security Justice <ul><li>Focus on Justice issues </li></ul><ul><li>Will be developed in the general framework of e-government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes into consideration the European interoperability framework for any cross-border project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes advantage on the general work on e-signature and e-identity but focus on their use in judicial contexts </li></ul></ul>
    40. 40. E-Justice European Commission Directorate-General Freedom Security Justice <ul><ul><li>Needs work with other DGs on certain questions such as interconnection of registers (Business Registers, Land Registers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relies on pilot projects as not all MS are interested/or able to join (MS decide which pilot projects are relevant to them within an overall strategy) </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41.
    42. 42. The CCBE The council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe
    43. 43. The CCBE – IT law committee <ul><li>Position Papers   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CCBE Response to the Green Paper on the interconnection of business registers (SEC (2009) 1492) [2010-01-23]      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CCBE Position on the Legal Framework for the Fundamental Right to Protection of Personal Data [2009-12-22]      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CCBE recommandations for Stockholm Programme [2009-10-16]      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Communication and the Internet [2008-10-24]    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CCBE recommendation regarding the Outcome of national implementation of the data retention directive [2008-01-31]    </li></ul></ul>
    44. 44. The CCBE – IT law committee <ul><li>Position Papers   </li></ul><ul><li>Framework for establishing a European Electronic ID-cards system [2007-10-15]    </li></ul><ul><li>Technical standards for interoperability of electronic ID cards [2007-10-15]      </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for e-signature projects and for using electronic signatures by legal professionals [2007-02-15]  </li></ul><ul><li>CCBE Recommandations on Electronic ID cards for the legal profession [2007-02-15]      </li></ul><ul><li>CCBE recommendation for the implementation of the Data retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC) [2006-09-15]      </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Communication and Internet [2005-12-30]    </li></ul><ul><li>CCBE Comments on the draft framework decision on the retention of data [2005-02-28]       </li></ul>
    45. 45. The CCBE – IT law committee <ul><li>European projects   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caselex - Europe's premier case-law exchange  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PenalNet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a Lawyer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admissibility of electronic evidence in court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    46. 46. Admissibility of electronic evidence in courts - Training program <ul><li>Give proper training on electronic evidence from a legal and a technical point of view to lawyers. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of joining efforts among the different European Bar Association and experts in Computer forensics. </li></ul><ul><li>Offer training among all European lawyers (with judges it is already being made). EC promotes this option. </li></ul><ul><li>This will help to develop: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C onfidence in the experts because lawyers will understand the procedures and the technical characteristics of electronic evidence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training, knowledge and experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement in communication between lawyers and technical experts </li></ul></ul>
    47. 47. Recommendations – “Find a lawyer” <ul><li>Short-term: </li></ul><ul><li>Take the lead on multi-criteria search: “Find a lawyer” </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for financial support from the EU (15 October) for the CCBE part. There is no guarantee of being selected (many applications, evaluation by independent experts) ! </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss and define convenient search fields </li></ul><ul><li>Define practice area taxonomy (in one language) </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a technical mirror (managed by the CCBE) </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a simple and secure update process (e-mails) </li></ul><ul><li>Bars will participate when ready </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain the project within budget </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term: </li></ul><ul><li>Same tool could be used for authentication (this is another project) </li></ul>
    48. 48. CCBE E-Justice recommendation <ul><li>Encourage CCBE member bars to start an awareness-raising campaign on e-justice, informing lawyers about the legal consequences and the political and economic opportunities involved for all European lawyers in promoting a Europe-wide secure platform for lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a common structure for a European Lawyers Data Base </li></ul>
    49. 49. CCBE E-Justice recommendation <ul><li>Project to explore the possibility to implement a CCBE decentralized platform for the validation of electronic signatures; </li></ul><ul><li>To work closely with the European Institutions, in the Justice Forum, the Council of Europe, national governments (particularly ministries of justice) </li></ul><ul><li>In order to implement a politically sustainable and financially sound CCBE e-Justice Strategy. </li></ul>
    50. 50. PenalNet – an example <ul><li>An EU funded project for secure communication between Criminal lawyers </li></ul>
    51. 51. PenalNet background <ul><li>EU cross-border Criminal cases have been increasing significantly over the last few years </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal Law is one of the priority areas of cooperation with a deeper social impact at every level </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal lawyers of the Member States must establish direct relationships, which must be secure to maintain confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Professional secrecy is fundamental and basic principle in Criminal Law </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a need for security in communication regarding Criminal cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical distance makes the Internet an important means of communication in cross border criminal cases. </li></ul>
    52. 52. PenalNet <ul><li>An information system accessible through the Internet and only made available to Criminal lawyer using a qualified electronic signature </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: To enable the Criminal lawyers from EU countries to have access to a list of colleagues from each Member State and, once they have chosen the right one, contact him or her in a secure and reliable way </li></ul><ul><li>A lawyer admitted at ‘PenalNet’ may access the directory of each country particpating by means of his digital certificate and might establish encrypted communication with any suitable colleague and leave and receive acknowledgement of receipt and read (time-stamped with the time attested by ‘PenalNet’) </li></ul><ul><li>PenalNet will notify the lawyer, through their mobile phone or e-mail, of new communication arrived to their PenalNet account. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ PenalNet’ must ensure that the lawyer has a qualified electronic signature and practises the Legal Profession is absolutely essential. </li></ul>
    53. 53. Internet Mr Smith Received Mailbox Sent Mailbox E-mail SMS Mr Smith Place Receipt Acknowledge Received Mailbox Sent Mailbox Mr Perez Place Receipt Acknowledge Internet Mr Perez E-mail SMS Concept Diagram PenalNET SSL Session SSL Session Country 2 Country 1 Country N DIRECTORY
    54. 54. Substantive law issues
    55. 55. Substantive law issues <ul><li>Negotiation of Agreements regarding IT procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting Standard form agreements for IT procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunication regulatory law </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite TV and TV-distribution law </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcasting and broadcasting distribution law </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property relating to software and the internet </li></ul>
    56. 56. Substantive law issues <ul><li>Internet and legal issues, jurisdictional issues and copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Data Protection and the processing of personal information </li></ul><ul><li>e-Commerce and consumer rights </li></ul><ul><li>Public Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnerships </li></ul>
    57. 57.
    58. 58. Questions Arve Føyen Advokat www.foyen.no [email_address]

    ×