Blade Servers & Virtualization: State of the Industry
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Blade Servers & Virtualization: State of the Industry

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Blade Servers & Virtualization: State of the Industry Blade Servers & Virtualization: State of the Industry Presentation Transcript

  • © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights ReservedBlade Servers & Virtualization Copying ProhibitedState of the Industry 2007Industry Address © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Please contact IMEX for written permissionAnil VasudevaPrincipal Analyst & Presidentvasudeva@imexresearch.com IMEX RESEARCH.COM408-268-0800 ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Chaos in the Enterprise . . . All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited File transfers AIX to Database extracts MVS FTP between Sun - HP/UX via Platinum to SP2 via MQ Series 4.4 NT 9.9 Network IBM3090-600J IBM RS6000 TM TM AIX 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 HP MVS/ESA Sun DB2/6000 UX 10, 11.0, 11.2 MPE Server/OS IMS / ADABAS Solaris 3.2, 3.4, 3.5 Sybase 11.9, 12 TM TM Oracle 7.5, 8.0 Fujitsu Database IBM AS/400 DS90UX Compaq OS/400 P/M ProLiant 2500,5500 NT 3.5, 4.0 SQLApplication CICS Batch CAD/CAM Inventory PeopleSoft Financials Lotus E-commerce Exchange Notes OLTP Storage STK Silos Tape Legato to DLT BU by FDR 8mm Backup Cheyenn Backup Upstream IBM e to 4mm HP ADSM3490 OmniBack Test Disaster D/R plan (MF only) Recovery (1) Scales poorly (2) Difficult to manage (3) Reliability is questionable (4) Management costs out of control ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved DC Infrastructure Nightmares Driving CIOs Copying Prohibited Servers Win 5-10%, SMP 20-35%, MF 30-50% Utilization 80+% Servers 15-30 Servers/Admin 300+ Application 1 Today Application/Server 20 Targeted Storage 30-45% Disk, 20-40% Tape Utilization 75+% Storage 1TB Terabytes/DBA 100TB MIS Alerts 20-40 Urgent Alerts/Day 4-5 System HAL- 3 (99.9%) Availability HAL- 5 (99.999%) Power & 2-5 kW/Rack Cooling 15-20 kW/Rack kW/Rack Capability©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research End to End IT Infrastructure with HA & Security All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited xSP IntrDet VPN Enterprise WebServices App.Server DBServers IntrDet Layer 3 Layer 4-7 Layer 2 Stg Fibre Switches Switches Switches Switches (Routers)Supplier/Partner ISP IntrDet ISP Internet ISP Core Edge Optical Networking ISP Access ISP IntrDet Remote Office ISP Caching, Proxy, Application,HA, Database, FW, SSL, IDS, File/Print, ERP, Middleware, DNS, LB, Web Security, SCM, Data Mgmt Servers CRM Servers Servers Cable Modem Tier-1 Tier-2 Tier-3 DSL Edge Computing Applications Data Bases MP3 VOD Cellular Directory Security Policy Management Wireless Home Networks Software OS Platform ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Consolidated Data Center All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited xSP VPN IntrDet Enterprise WebServices App.Server DBServers IntrDetSupplier/Partner ISP Switches: Layer 4-7, Layer 2, 10GbE, FC Stg ISP Internet ISP Core FC/ Edge Optical Networking IPSAN ISP Access ISP Remote Office ISP Caching, Proxy, Database, FW, SSL, IDS, DNS, Middleware, Data LB, Web Servers Mgmt Servers Tier-1 Tier-1 Application,HA, Tier-3 Edge File/Print, ERP, Edge Data Base Cable Modem Servers SCM, CRM Servers Apps Servers DSL Tier-2 Apps MP3 VOD Cellular Directory Security Policy Management Wireless Home Networks Software OS Platform ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Infrastructure:Local Area Grid (LAG©) All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Management Modules Remote Mgmt+KVM over IP Midplane Networking: Gbit Ethernet Switches W/Connectors Storage: IP NAS or FC SAN To Blades & Back Switch Cooling N+1Fans/Cooling Modules Processor Blades Modules (6-24 typically) Power: N+1Power Supplies Blade Control Panel USB Ports, CD/Floppy I/F ~ GbE Switch supports Trunking/Port Aggregation Flow Control Gbit QoS Packet Prioritization Memory Ethernet SNMP/RMON Systems I/F Micro- DDR w IGMP/BOOTP/TFTP Monitor Processors ECC …… © 2003-06 IMEX Research Module©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Servers by Market Segments All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited WW Blade Servers Market Revenues by Major Target Market $10,000 Factory Rev $M $ 5,000 $- 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 IP T e le c o m E nt e rpris e s ( Lg & S M B ) H igh P e rf o rm a nc e C o m p. IS P s E m be dde d C o m put ing©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research State-of-the-BladeSystems Vendors 2006 All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Blade Servers Market Shares Blade Servers 2006 ASP vs. Shipments By Revenues 2006 $6,000 OthersFJ/FSC $5,000 Fujitsu HP IBM Others ASP $ Dell (Sun, Hitachi…) $4,000 IBM $3,000 Dell $2,000 HP 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Unit Shipments (000s)©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Servers: Vendor Positioning Index All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited (As of Oct 2006 - See IMEX Blade Servers Industry Report 2007 for latest data) Strategy (Potential) HP Sun IBM Fujitsu Siemens Hitachi Dell Linux Networx © 2003-07 IMEX Research Intel NEC Rackable Sys Tatung Appro Egenera Nexcom Penguin HPC Syst Verari©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Delivery (Execution)
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Blades - TCO Savings & ROI All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited 3 Year TCO Savings TCO Savings in.. Rack vs. Blade Servers OPEX 100% Staff/ Support Maintenance/ 25% 80% Downtime 54% Facilities/ % Contribution 60% Power 67% OPEX 21% 40% 46% CAPEX Networking 19% 20% Servers 33% 46% Storage CAPEX 25% Infrastructure 13% 0% 1 SW Rack Servers Blade2Servers Infrastructure 22%Data: ©2003-2007 IMEX 2004 IMEX Research Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Power/Cooling Spending to rise dramatically to 40% Copying Prohibited All Rights Reserved Power & Cooling Spending to rise to 40% of Total DC Spending by 2010 $125 CAPEX New Servers OPEX New Servers End User Spending in Data Centers CAPEX Power & Cooling OPEX Power & Cooling $100 $75 $50 $25 $- 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Power/Cooling Spending to rise dramatically to 40% Copying Prohibited All Rights Reserved Power & Cooling Spending to rise to 40% of Total DC Spending by 2010 $125 CAPEX New Servers OPEX New Servers End User Spending in Data Centers CAPEX Power & Cooling OPEX Power & Cooling $100 $75 $50 $25 $- 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Data Center Cooling All Rights Reserved Copying ProhibitedWhere does the power go in Data Centers ? IT Equipment 50% PC :A ce ur So Source: Emerson Liebert Many techniques, methodologies and equipments Computer Simulation using widely available software from air cooling to liquid assisted cooling available (e.g. Fluent Airpack Ansys CFD …) to verify form a variety of vendors and Consultants …. Cooling Designed is the most cost effective before (Email imex@imexresearch.com for more info and commiting to final implementation. Assessment of competitive vendor products, consultants and data centerResearch All rights Reserved ©2003-2007 IMEX power & cooling integrators) Source: IBM 2005
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Key to Integration: Interconnect Fabrics All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Ethernet, Network Fabric Wi-Fi. System Fabric Quadrics, Management Myrinet, SNMP, SCI Fabric IETF/ InfiniBand, CIM, Ethernet / IP, SMI-S, Ethernet IP SMASH. w/TOE, Ethernet IP w/TOE and RDMA. SCSI, Fiber Channel, ISCSI.©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research HPC Interconnect – Leaders All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited GbE for majority of applications dominate the Interconnect for HPC. Myrinet for the highly latency sensitive applications while Infiniband is rearing up at the Midrange latency applications©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Market Segments by Applications All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited OLTP Transaction 10 K Processing eCommerce Data DSS (RAID - 0, 3) (RAID - 1, 5, 6) 1K Warehousing (Latency) Visual DBIOPs 100 Scientific Computing NIC NIC Imaging TP 10 Audio Streaming Streaming HPC Video 1 1 5 10 50 100 500 *IOs per sesond for a required response time ( ms) MB/sec ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research State of DB Applications All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Large Databases by OS Storage Usage vs DB Capacity Scale InScale Up 100 90 Linux 1 TB -2 Stg (TB) 80 Win DB (TB) # Large DBs 70 DB Size 60 2-5 TB 50 40 UNIX 5-1 TB 0 30 20 >1 TB 0 10 z/OS Scale Out 0 0 20 40 60 80 OLTP DSS TB Large DB Size Growth by Market Segment 500 400 OLTP DB Size (TB) DSS 300 200 100 0 ©2003-2007 IMEX Research2005 Reserved All rights 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved HPC – From Academia to Wall St. to Hollywood Copying Prohibited High Performance Entertainment High Performance Commercial Bioinformatics Decision-Support Entertainment Commercial BioInformatics Decision Audio/Video OnDemand Computing Computing Visualization Visualization Support Syst Audio/Video On Demand SystemsData: IMEX Research & Panasas 100+ Teraflops Rendering (Texture & Polygons) Data rate & capacity Throughput = 100 GB/s Throughput = 1.2 GB/s Throughput : DSL/Cable ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved ©2004--07 IMEX Research.com
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Genesis of Virtualization & Grid Computing All Rights Reserved Copying ProhibitedCFO vs. CIO - Shocking Observations• IT Infrastructure Investments yet to achieve TCO/ROI Financial Objectives th ow• Expected Boost in Corporate e Gr enu Rev l) Productivity not Visible ua ct• Post 2000 Dictum: Do More with Less (A s tsReason – IT Spiral Profit Co IT ) eted• Web Growth > New Apps Mushroom (B udg > Lo Cost Windows Servers Sprawl (Tier-1) TC osts I• Business Growth > More Computing Power > Applications/DB Servers Sprawl (Tier-2,3)• More Servers >  Storage >DC Facilities > IT Support > IT Staff• More Low Cost Servers > 5% Utilization >Scale Out Infrastructure• IT Costs == Business Growth ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Next-Gen Data Center - Observations All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited• WW, there are 5.1 million data centers (you are not alone)• Now costs $100-175M to build a large data center – ~$1005/Sqft, $40,000/Rack, $2,500/Server, 2.5U – 82% of installed equipment (Srvr,Stg,Ntwk) has only10% utilizn. – For every $1 invested in new IT infrastructure, $7 spent to maintain – For every $1 in new Server spending, 50c spent on Power & Cooling /2006 – Virtual Servers growth will outstrip growth of Physical servers by 50% with an associated rise in managing virtual servers – Blades increasing Power/Rack by 10x Need Power/Cooling, Weight, Solutions to pursue©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Implementing Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Client At Various Levels Workstations Microprocessor LAN Ethernet – Intel VT, AMD-Pacifica Switches OS - zOS, pOS, UNIX, Windows, Linux Application & DB Servers - IBM, HP, Sun, VMWare, Xen, SWSoft SAN File System GbE or FC - DFS Switches NetworkingStorage Arrays - Multiport Storage - Host, SAN, Controller - In-Band, Out-of-Band Management ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Virtualization Models All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Hypervisor Model Features • Guest OS - Each application is contained by its own Operating System instance • VZ layer spoofs each OS into believing as if its the only OS on the system • Users can mix and match guest OS’s with various versions of Windows or Linux. Major Players - VMWare, Microsoft, XenSource OS Virtualization Features • A single OS hosts multiple applications. • VZ layer handles resource allocation between applications • VZ layer also provides protection to the host OS so that a misbehaving application does not cause problems for the system as a whole Major Players - SWSoft, Sun/Containers©2003-2007 Olds Research All rights Reserved Source: Dan IMEX
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Workloads Consolidation using VZ All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited • A single server 1.5x larger than standard 2-way server will handle consolidated load of 6 servers. • VZ manages the workloads + important apps get the compute resources they need automatically w/o operator intervention. • Physical consolidation of 15-20:1 is easily possible • Reasonable goal for VZ x86 servers – 40-50% utilization on large systems (>4way), rising as dual/quad core processors becomes available • Savings result in Real Estate, Power & Cooling, High Availability, Hardware, Management©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Source: Dan Olds
  • © 2007 IMEX Research HW Assisted Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited VZ Extensions at Processor Management VirtualizationIntel EM64 Extensions AMD64Extensions X86 Instruction Set Extensions Direct Connect FSBus Architecture Architecture VT Pacifica Virtualization Virtualization Technology or Technology Chipset ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Storage Virtualization – Desired Features All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Clients Storage VZ - Must Have Features LAN Scale Non-Disruptively in Capacity • Snapshot Point-In-Time across Stg.devices Servers • Remote Replication across Heterogeneous Stg. Devices SAN • Policy Based Non-Disruptive Data Migration between Heterogeneous Stg Systems & Between Stg Tiers Storage • Centralized Mgmt of all Stg.VZ under Single Image • Support Tiered Storage Savings achieved through • Volume Management for Multivendor Stg. Systems Storage Virtualization • Common Set of Tools: Provisioning, Mgmt & Replication 1000 Total Svgs 900 800 SAN - 21%/yr. Storage VZ - VendorsExp en ses/Year $K 700 Admin - 19% 600 SW • Cloverleaf, Datacore, EMC 500 - 16% 400 300 • FalconStor, Fujitsu Computer Systems HW 200 100 - 24% • Hitachi Data Systems 0 w /o Stg VZ w Stg VZ • IBM, Network Appliance • StorageAge, Sun • Symantec/Veritas … ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research TCO Savings with Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited 995 Pre-Virtualization (VZ) Servers  78 VZ Servers $16,000 For a copy of TCO Analysis, Email: Provisioning imex@ Downtime imexresearch.com $12,000 Or call (408) 268-0800 Disaster Recovery Cost over 3 years DC Real Estate Power & Cooling $8,000 Network SAN Hardware $4,000 VZ SW & Support $-©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved w/o VZ w VZ
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Virtualization Players by Category All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited App VZ OS Processor PC Servers Storage ToolsAppistry Fedora AMD Altiris Akimbi Syste Cloverleaf Acronis SunData Synapse Novell Intel AppStream AppStream Compellent* Altiris Surgient OpenVZ Ardence Ardence Datacore BladeLogic VizionCore Red Hat Checkpoint Egenera EMC* BMC SW VMw are Sun Citrix HP FalconStor CA vThere Fujitsu IBM Fujitsu* Cassatt Fujitsu-Siem eMicrosoft HDS* Cirba Hitachi Parallels HP* Dunes HP Sun IBM Tivoli Ecora IBM SWsoft IBM* IBM LeoStream Virtual Iron NetApp* Microsoft NEC VMw are Netreon Opsw are Parallels Xen SANRAD Parallels Platform StorageAge PHD Microsoft Sun/STK* PlateSpin Sun Symantec Platform Wyse Vicom Scalent ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Summary - Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited• Server Virtualization (VZ) now a mainstream technology• VZ is turning Data Center strategies & core infrastructure upside down• DC Professionals very happy with its future use• VZ means “Doing More for Less” (finally making CFOs get off your back)• Issues to be Resolved – VMs exploding – Managing them a nightmare: needs more tools – Database Performance (one reason HP bought Polyserve)• Follow SIVA© in executing your DC strategy – Standardize (Windows/Linux, GbE, IP Storage/iSCSI,SATA..) – Integrate (Blades, Management Tools..) – Virtualize (Infrastructure-uP,Servers, Storage, Networks,Clients w P2V tools) – Automate (Provide important Apps required resources automatically w/o intervention to OPEX costs)• Create VZ Justification: TCO Reduction of 60-70% over 3 years, ROI >58%• Follow VZ in 3 phases –  Consolidation & Resource Sharing  HA/BC/DR, WkLd Balancing  Automation – Consolidate through VZ and Workload Management, – Reduce # systems Footprints & OS instances (OS Lic Costs,  Mgmt Admin Costs) – Create Workload Mgmt based on Business Policies (Mission Critical, & DB Wklds)©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Virtualizing your IT Infrastructure All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited SLA • Business Priorities • Cost of IT Ops/Charge Back Methods • Response Time/Availability/Throughput,QoS • Transactions/Sessions/Events/Analysis/Reporting • Business Services Managed & Charged Virtualization Utility - P2V Usage Assets Dept/Owner Location • Usage Profiles • Host Name (Mfr/Model/SN, • Users/Services/Workloads • Platform – OS/Processors/#/Speed/Type • Applications (OLTP/BI/HPC/Data Streaming) • Pooled Infrastructure Resources by• Execution: Rules Driven, Adaptive Provisioning Application Metrics • Services Abstraction, Adaptive Provisioning • Pooled Capacity Provisioning: Processing, Bandwidth, Storage, Repository ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved For copy of case study on how a major financial institution implemented virtualization email imex@imexresearch.com
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Future: IP Everywhere Based Infrastructure All Rights Reserved Copying ProhibitedFollow SIVA ©2007 – Standardization, Integration, Virtualization & Autonomics In your Next Generation Data Center Servers Storage IP Networks Infrastructure Telecom Standardization Integration Thermionics©2007 Virtualization Provisioning Automation©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Go-to-market: Channels of Distribution All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Industry Structure Manufacturers Channels of Distribution Vertical Markets MedicalDisk & Tape Drives & Host Bus Adapters F1000 Telecom Govt. HA + Ntwk + System Mgmt SW & Servers OEM Components - Chips & Boards ... RAID Large ISPs Insurance Contllrs Clusters Finance Manufacturing Lg. Sys VIA IPC Integrator SANs VARS Med Hubs LANs NICs Sml SI/VAR WANs Switches Distributor VADS Internet Sml Routers Backbone ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Global IT Spending 2005 by Market All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Global IT Spending 2005 9.0% 8.5% Health Care 8.0%cagr % (2005-09) Telecom 7.5% Finance & 7.0% Utilities Insurance Wholesale 6.5% Govt Other Mfg-Process 6.0% Resources 5.5% Transportation Retail 5.0% Professional Services 4.5% Education Mfg.Equipment 4.0% $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Global IT Spending 2005 $B
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Global IT Spending 2005 by Market All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Global IT Spending 2005 Health Carecagr % (2005-09) Telecom Finance & Utilities Insurance Wholesale Govt Other Mfg-Process Resources Transportation Retail Professional Services Mfg.Equipment Education Global IT Spending 2005 $B ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Go-to-market: the SMB Long Tail All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited SMB Spent $150 B 49% of All Spending on IT Infrastructure Growing at 2x that of Enterprise Large Medium Small Consumer©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights ReservedBlade Servers & Virtualization Copying ProhibitedState of the Industry 2007Industry Address © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Please contact IMEX for written permissionAnil VasudevaPrincipal Analyst & Presidentvasudeva@imexresearch.com IMEX RESEARCH.COM408-268-0800 ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  • © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Servers Market Opportunity All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited $12 WW Blade Servers $10 Market Opportunity (cum 2004-2008) Factory Rev $B $8 Revenues ~ $24 Billion Units ~ 9 Million $6 $4 $2 $- 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Data: IMEX Research 2005