The word "teleology" is
derived from the Greek word
"telos" that means "ends." In
this theory, you would
consider the ends...
Teleological theories of Change
According to this theory, human
actions are purposive; goal is
the final cause for guiding...
TELEOLOGICAL EXAMPLE
EMPLOYER&EMPLOYEE
Basic Insights of Utilitarianism
The purpose of morality is to make the
world a better place.
Morality is about producing ...
Jeremy Bentham
1748-1832
Bentham believed
that we should try to
increase the overall
amount of pleasure
in the world.
John Stuart Mill
1806-1873
Bentham’s godson
Believed that
happiness, not
pleasure, should be
the standard of
utility.
It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be
Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfi...
The Utilitarian Calculus
Math and ethics
finally merge: all
consequences must
be measured and
weighed.
Units of
measuremen...
Act and Rule Utilitarianism
Act utilitarianism
Looks at the consequences of each
individual act and calculate utility each...
Criticisms
of Utilitarianism
1. Responsibility
2. Integrity
3. Intentions
4. Moral Luck
5. Who does the calculating?
6. Wh...
Concluding Assessment
Utilitarianism is most appropriate for
policy decisions, as long as a strong
notion of fundamental h...
*DUTIES OF FIDELITY
*DUTIES OF REPARATION
*DUTIES OF GRATITUDE
*DUTIES OF JUSTICE
*DUTIES OF BENEFICENCE
*DUTIES OF SELF-
...
Kantian ethics is based upon
teachings ot the german
philosopher Immanurl Kant
According to kant the concept
of motive is ...
“Sense of duty”
“This is what I ought
to do”
Example
Motive is the most
important factor in
kanatian ethics
Criticisms
Virtue ethics is a frame work
that suggests that societal rules
provide a moral minimum, and
based on that individuals can...
*PEOPLE IN THE PRECONVENTIONAL
STAGE
*PEOPLE IN THE
CONVENTIONAL STAGE
*PEOPLE IN THE
PRINCIPLE STAGE
WITH EDUCATION, EXPERIENCE
AND EXPOSURE PEOPLE MAY
CHANGE THEIR VALUES AND
ETHICAL BEHAVIOUR OVER TIME
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  1. 1. The word "teleology" is derived from the Greek word "telos" that means "ends." In this theory, you would consider the ends, or the outcomes of your decision. Since this theory is concerned about the consequences of the decision, it is also referred to as consequentialist
  2. 2. Teleological theories of Change According to this theory, human actions are purposive; goal is the final cause for guiding movement of an entity.
  3. 3. TELEOLOGICAL EXAMPLE EMPLOYER&EMPLOYEE
  4. 4. Basic Insights of Utilitarianism The purpose of morality is to make the world a better place. Morality is about producing good consequences, not having good intentions We should do whatever will bring the most benefit (i.e., intrinsic value) to all of humanity.
  5. 5. Jeremy Bentham 1748-1832 Bentham believed that we should try to increase the overall amount of pleasure in the world.
  6. 6. John Stuart Mill 1806-1873 Bentham’s godson Believed that happiness, not pleasure, should be the standard of utility.
  7. 7. It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, are a different opinion, it is because they only know their own side of the question." John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism (1863)
  8. 8. The Utilitarian Calculus Math and ethics finally merge: all consequences must be measured and weighed. Units of measurement: Hedons: positive Dolors: negative
  9. 9. Act and Rule Utilitarianism Act utilitarianism Looks at the consequences of each individual act and calculate utility each time the act is performed. Rule utilitarianism Looks at the consequences of having everyone follow a particular rule and calculates the overall utility of accepting or rejecting the rule.
  10. 10. Criticisms of Utilitarianism 1. Responsibility 2. Integrity 3. Intentions 4. Moral Luck 5. Who does the calculating? 6. Who is included?
  11. 11. Concluding Assessment Utilitarianism is most appropriate for policy decisions, as long as a strong notion of fundamental human rights guarantees that it will not violate rights of small minorities.
  12. 12. *DUTIES OF FIDELITY *DUTIES OF REPARATION *DUTIES OF GRATITUDE *DUTIES OF JUSTICE *DUTIES OF BENEFICENCE *DUTIES OF SELF- IIIMPROVEMENT *DUTIES OF ;NONMALEFICENCE
  13. 13. Kantian ethics is based upon teachings ot the german philosopher Immanurl Kant According to kant the concept of motive is the most important factor in determining what is ethical
  14. 14. “Sense of duty” “This is what I ought to do”
  15. 15. Example
  16. 16. Motive is the most important factor in kanatian ethics
  17. 17. Criticisms
  18. 18. Virtue ethics is a frame work that suggests that societal rules provide a moral minimum, and based on that individuals can translate these societal rules into personal values and virtues such as honesty integrity trust and faith
  19. 19. *PEOPLE IN THE PRECONVENTIONAL STAGE *PEOPLE IN THE CONVENTIONAL STAGE *PEOPLE IN THE PRINCIPLE STAGE
  20. 20. WITH EDUCATION, EXPERIENCE AND EXPOSURE PEOPLE MAY CHANGE THEIR VALUES AND ETHICAL BEHAVIOUR OVER TIME
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