Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Main Skills For Lifesaving
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Main Skills For Lifesaving

2,742

Published on

Detlev Mohr …

Detlev Mohr
(02-21)

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,742
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Dr. Detlev Mohr Vice President of DLRG Main Skills for Lifesaving and How to Train these Skills Bettering the Quality of Lifesaving Services
  • 2. Make a Simple Test with your Lifesaving Team!
    • Submerge visible for them from a boat a dummy (manikin) filled with water about 150 m distance to the shore and an offset at the beach of about 100 m.
    • Measure the time until your team will have the manikin at the surface and carried to the beach.
    • You will be surprised about the result !
  • 3. Already the routing of a swimmer or an IRB to the site of an incident could be a problem without training this would happen usually
  • 4. Pool Different Situations
  • 5. Pool with some dangerous objects
  • 6. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Pool
      • swimming short distances
      • diving ca. 3 m deep in clear water
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • throwing a rescue ball, line, ring or bag
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 7. Smaller Lake
  • 8. Smaller Lake with diving possibilities
  • 9. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Small Lakes
      • swimming short distances
      • diving ca. 3 m deep
      • snorkeling
      • searching under water with low visibility
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • throwing a rescue ball, line, ring or bag
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 10. Bigger Lake
  • 11. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Bigger Lakes
      • running
      • swimming long distances without fins in cold water
      • swimming long distances with fins in cold water
      • diving more than 3 m deep
      • snorkeling
      • (scuba diving)
      • searching under water with low visibility in cold water
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • saving a person with rescue equipment
        • with rescue tube
        • with rescue board
      • rowing a boat, driving a rescue boat
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 12. Ocean
  • 13. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Ocean
      • running
      • swimming short distances
      • swimming in the surf
      • swimming in cold water
      • swimming long distances with fins also in cold water
      • diving and searching under water over longer times
      • snorkeling
      • (scuba diving)
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • saving a person with rescue equipment
        • with rescue tube
        • with rescue board
      • driving a rescue boat
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 14. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Basic Skills to Rescue a Person
      • spotting of an acute dangerous situation
      • swimming
      • diving and searching
      • saving a person
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
    • Lifesaving Silver Award
  • 15. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Are these basic skills sufficient for emergency situations at
      • a Pool ?
      • a Lake ?
      • the Ocean ?
      • I believe not in all cases.
  • 16. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Different situations need different skills
      • basic skills
      • advanced skills
    • Lifesavers have to be prepared for different situations.
    • Lifesaving Teams must be trained.
  • 17. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Spotting and Realisation of Accidents
      • Self spotted
        • acoustical perception (70 % of the accidents)
        • optical perception by observing the beach
      • Spotted by other
        • information via voice
        • information via radio
        • information via telephone
  • 18. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Assessment of the Information
      • Status of the drowning victim
        • conceous/unconceous
        • still on the surface / already under the surface
      • Status of the conditions
        • dangerous biological (animals, plants, bacteria,..) conditions
        • dangerous chemical (poisons, oil, ...) conditions
        • temperature of water and air
        • wind force and wind direction
        • direction and strength of currents
        • surf conditions
        • dangerous rocks, structures
        • distance
  • 19. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Estimation of Distances
      • Important for
        • the choice of the means for rescue
        • the duration until arrival at the victims position
        • the expected status of the victim at arrival
        • the preparation of further means (divers, diving equipment, CPR staff and devices, helicopter, ...)
    • must be trained
  • 20. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Choice of the Means for Approach and Rescue
      • Important
        • to be at the victims position in time
        • to find the victim still at the surface
        • to be at the position as fast as possible
        • to save the victim alive
        • to rescue the victim in the right manner
        • to protect the own life and health
    • must be trained
  • 21. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Choice of the Means for Rescue
      • also depending from
        • the status of the victim
        • the number of victims
        • the conditions at this special beach
        • the situation in that moment (presence of persons and means)
        • the distance to the shore
        • the offset at the shore
    • must be trained
  • 22. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Choice of the Means for Rescue
      • also depending from
        • the status of the victim
        • the number of victims
        • the conditions
        • the distance
    • must be trained
  • 23. Example of a Beach at the Baltic Sea (Prerow) sea bridge 396 m long sandbank at 100 m distance to the shore 2 m deep water between shore and the sandbank beach 80 m broad Main Lifeguard Station
  • 24. Profile of the Beach
  • 25. How to reach the site of the incident in the shortest time ? distance to the shore: 157 m offset at the shore: 222 m way from the lifeguard station to the shore: 111 m Main Lifeguard Station
  • 26. Swimming without Fins swimming 50 m jumping 10 m wading 20 m swimming 40 m jumping 20 m wading 10 m running 20 m running 190 m running 111 m Time to Approach 156 s
  • 27. Swimming with Fins Time to Approach 148 s swimming 150 m jumping 20 m wading 20 m running 170 m running 111 m
  • 28. Paddling with Rescue Board Time to Approach 150 s paddling 170 m running 150 m running 111 m
  • 29. Paddling with Surf Ski Time to Approach 167 s paddling 283 m running 111 m
  • 30. Driving of 2 persons with an IRB Time to Approach 98 s driving W 200 m driving N 125 m wading 25 m running 111 m
  • 31. How to reach the site of the incident in the shortest time ? distance to the shore: 157 m offset at the shore: 222 m way to the shore: 111 m Ranking: 1. Driving with IRB 2. Swimming with Fins 3. Paddling with Rescue Board 4. Swimming without Fins 5. Paddling with Surf Ski 6. Paddling with Cobra Ski
  • 32. How to Train ?
    • individual competitions
    • alone against the stop watch
    • free choice of the mean
    • repeating the test with other means
    • different distances
    • different sites
  • 33. How to Train ?
    • theoretical lessons
    • practical exercises
  • 34. How to Train ? Theoretical lessons: estimation, tables, self-calculation Practical exercises: self-experience, training competitions with different distances to shore and offsets
  • 35. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Routing a Lifesaver or an IRB to the Site of the Incident
      • Depending from
        • the distance to the shore
        • the offset at the shore
        • the means to signal (flags, radio, ...)
        • the experience of the team
    • must be trained
  • 36. Routing of a swimmer to the site of an incident safest route but not the fastest guide beam to the site of the incident guided route
  • 37. Routing of a swimmer to the site of an incident fastest route guide beam to the site of the incident guided route
  • 38. Routing of an IRB to the site of an incident fastest and safest route guide beam to the site of the incident guided route
  • 39. Routing of an IRB to the site of an incident with cross bearing, if two stations have spotted the site of the incident Station 1: gives the guide beam Station 2: gives the signal to stop
  • 40. How to Train the Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Searching a Submersed Victim under Water
      • Depending from
        • the depth of the water
        • the visibility into the water (clearance, sun, ...)
        • the wind
        • the current
        • the current at the bottom of the water
        • the time under water
        • the maintanance of means (masks, snorkel, diving equipm.)
    • must be trained
  • 41. How to Train these Skills ? DLRG has reacted
    • Theoretical and Practical Training Courses for the Lifesaving Silver Award
    • 6 Lifeguard Training Weekends at a Lifeguard Station with e.g. the following topics
        • observing and spotting for incidents
        • assessing unnormal situations
        • approaching and saving techniques
        • means to rescue
        • routing of swimmers and rescue boats
        • searching under water
        • training competitions
    • Use of Training for Lifesaving Sports
  • 42. ILS Goals for Sport
    • to attract young people to lifesaving through sport. 
    • to encourage lifesaving technique development through sport.  
    • to maintain and enhance the image of lifesaving.
    • to maintain the unity of ILS through sport. 
    • to increase participation in lifesaving sport.  
    • to be the international authority on lifesaving sport.
  • 43. Lifesaving Sports
    • more goals
      • physical training for lifesavers/lifeguards
      • training of lifesaving skills
      • competing each other
    • lifesaving sport should train and reflect the lifesaving skills really needed in the lifesaving practice
  • 44. Comparison of Lifesaving Skills and Event Descriptions of the ILS Competition Manual
  • 45. Comparison of Lifesaving Skills and Event Descriptions of the ILS Competition Manual
  • 46. Lifesaving Competition
    • Sport supports the fitness of the lifesavers and is one way of physical training. The lifesaving sport shall help to better the lifesaving skills.
    • To reach this goal the lifesaving competitions have to match the lifesaving skills.
    • Lifesaving competitions shall simulate rescue situations.
    • The event descriptions have to reflect the rescue practice, if the sport shall support to fulfil the above mentioned goals.
  • 47. Analysis of the ILS Competition Rules
    • some skills of the lifesaving practice are up to now not supported by lifesaving sport events.
    • some events have only importance to develop physical fitness and basic skills,
      • the surf ski has a long tradition as sport equipment but has only low importance in the lifesaving practice.
      • the frontcrawl style to carry the manikin is not acceptable.
    • The sports techniques should be the same as in the rescue practice.
    • the competition rules have to be changed urgently to match the rescue practice again.
  • 48. The Conclusions
    • Real rescue situations should be simulated for training purposes.
    • Special lifesaving sports events and rescue competitions can help to increase the fitness and skills of the lifesavers.
    • The discussion of dangerous situations within the lifesaving teams at the lifeguard stations, the common daily training and competition of a lifeguard team level fits the members of the rescue team closer together and encourages even the lifesaving technique development.
  • 49. The Learning Objectives
    • The different conditions of water areas cause also different lifesaving skills.
    • Simulated rescue training increases the success of rescue of real rescue activities.
    • The rules of lifesaving sports events should support the training of lifesaving skills.

×