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Main Skills For Lifesaving
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Main Skills For Lifesaving

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Detlev Mohr

Detlev Mohr
(02-21)

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Main Skills For Lifesaving Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Dr. Detlev Mohr Vice President of DLRG Main Skills for Lifesaving and How to Train these Skills Bettering the Quality of Lifesaving Services
  • 2. Make a Simple Test with your Lifesaving Team!
    • Submerge visible for them from a boat a dummy (manikin) filled with water about 150 m distance to the shore and an offset at the beach of about 100 m.
    • Measure the time until your team will have the manikin at the surface and carried to the beach.
    • You will be surprised about the result !
  • 3. Already the routing of a swimmer or an IRB to the site of an incident could be a problem without training this would happen usually
  • 4. Pool Different Situations
  • 5. Pool with some dangerous objects
  • 6. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Pool
      • swimming short distances
      • diving ca. 3 m deep in clear water
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • throwing a rescue ball, line, ring or bag
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 7. Smaller Lake
  • 8. Smaller Lake with diving possibilities
  • 9. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Small Lakes
      • swimming short distances
      • diving ca. 3 m deep
      • snorkeling
      • searching under water with low visibility
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • throwing a rescue ball, line, ring or bag
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 10. Bigger Lake
  • 11. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Bigger Lakes
      • running
      • swimming long distances without fins in cold water
      • swimming long distances with fins in cold water
      • diving more than 3 m deep
      • snorkeling
      • (scuba diving)
      • searching under water with low visibility in cold water
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • saving a person with rescue equipment
        • with rescue tube
        • with rescue board
      • rowing a boat, driving a rescue boat
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 12. Ocean
  • 13. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Ocean
      • running
      • swimming short distances
      • swimming in the surf
      • swimming in cold water
      • swimming long distances with fins also in cold water
      • diving and searching under water over longer times
      • snorkeling
      • (scuba diving)
      • saving a person without rescue equipment
      • saving a person with rescue equipment
        • with rescue tube
        • with rescue board
      • driving a rescue boat
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
  • 14. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Basic Skills to Rescue a Person
      • spotting of an acute dangerous situation
      • swimming
      • diving and searching
      • saving a person
      • knowledge in CPR and first response
    • Lifesaving Silver Award
  • 15. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Are these basic skills sufficient for emergency situations at
      • a Pool ?
      • a Lake ?
      • the Ocean ?
      • I believe not in all cases.
  • 16. Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Different situations need different skills
      • basic skills
      • advanced skills
    • Lifesavers have to be prepared for different situations.
    • Lifesaving Teams must be trained.
  • 17. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Spotting and Realisation of Accidents
      • Self spotted
        • acoustical perception (70 % of the accidents)
        • optical perception by observing the beach
      • Spotted by other
        • information via voice
        • information via radio
        • information via telephone
  • 18. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Assessment of the Information
      • Status of the drowning victim
        • conceous/unconceous
        • still on the surface / already under the surface
      • Status of the conditions
        • dangerous biological (animals, plants, bacteria,..) conditions
        • dangerous chemical (poisons, oil, ...) conditions
        • temperature of water and air
        • wind force and wind direction
        • direction and strength of currents
        • surf conditions
        • dangerous rocks, structures
        • distance
  • 19. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Estimation of Distances
      • Important for
        • the choice of the means for rescue
        • the duration until arrival at the victims position
        • the expected status of the victim at arrival
        • the preparation of further means (divers, diving equipment, CPR staff and devices, helicopter, ...)
    • must be trained
  • 20. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Choice of the Means for Approach and Rescue
      • Important
        • to be at the victims position in time
        • to find the victim still at the surface
        • to be at the position as fast as possible
        • to save the victim alive
        • to rescue the victim in the right manner
        • to protect the own life and health
    • must be trained
  • 21. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Choice of the Means for Rescue
      • also depending from
        • the status of the victim
        • the number of victims
        • the conditions at this special beach
        • the situation in that moment (presence of persons and means)
        • the distance to the shore
        • the offset at the shore
    • must be trained
  • 22. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Choice of the Means for Rescue
      • also depending from
        • the status of the victim
        • the number of victims
        • the conditions
        • the distance
    • must be trained
  • 23. Example of a Beach at the Baltic Sea (Prerow) sea bridge 396 m long sandbank at 100 m distance to the shore 2 m deep water between shore and the sandbank beach 80 m broad Main Lifeguard Station
  • 24. Profile of the Beach
  • 25. How to reach the site of the incident in the shortest time ? distance to the shore: 157 m offset at the shore: 222 m way from the lifeguard station to the shore: 111 m Main Lifeguard Station
  • 26. Swimming without Fins swimming 50 m jumping 10 m wading 20 m swimming 40 m jumping 20 m wading 10 m running 20 m running 190 m running 111 m Time to Approach 156 s
  • 27. Swimming with Fins Time to Approach 148 s swimming 150 m jumping 20 m wading 20 m running 170 m running 111 m
  • 28. Paddling with Rescue Board Time to Approach 150 s paddling 170 m running 150 m running 111 m
  • 29. Paddling with Surf Ski Time to Approach 167 s paddling 283 m running 111 m
  • 30. Driving of 2 persons with an IRB Time to Approach 98 s driving W 200 m driving N 125 m wading 25 m running 111 m
  • 31. How to reach the site of the incident in the shortest time ? distance to the shore: 157 m offset at the shore: 222 m way to the shore: 111 m Ranking: 1. Driving with IRB 2. Swimming with Fins 3. Paddling with Rescue Board 4. Swimming without Fins 5. Paddling with Surf Ski 6. Paddling with Cobra Ski
  • 32. How to Train ?
    • individual competitions
    • alone against the stop watch
    • free choice of the mean
    • repeating the test with other means
    • different distances
    • different sites
  • 33. How to Train ?
    • theoretical lessons
    • practical exercises
  • 34. How to Train ? Theoretical lessons: estimation, tables, self-calculation Practical exercises: self-experience, training competitions with different distances to shore and offsets
  • 35. Basic or Advanced Skills of Lifesavers ?
    • Routing a Lifesaver or an IRB to the Site of the Incident
      • Depending from
        • the distance to the shore
        • the offset at the shore
        • the means to signal (flags, radio, ...)
        • the experience of the team
    • must be trained
  • 36. Routing of a swimmer to the site of an incident safest route but not the fastest guide beam to the site of the incident guided route
  • 37. Routing of a swimmer to the site of an incident fastest route guide beam to the site of the incident guided route
  • 38. Routing of an IRB to the site of an incident fastest and safest route guide beam to the site of the incident guided route
  • 39. Routing of an IRB to the site of an incident with cross bearing, if two stations have spotted the site of the incident Station 1: gives the guide beam Station 2: gives the signal to stop
  • 40. How to Train the Main Skills of Lifesavers
    • Searching a Submersed Victim under Water
      • Depending from
        • the depth of the water
        • the visibility into the water (clearance, sun, ...)
        • the wind
        • the current
        • the current at the bottom of the water
        • the time under water
        • the maintanance of means (masks, snorkel, diving equipm.)
    • must be trained
  • 41. How to Train these Skills ? DLRG has reacted
    • Theoretical and Practical Training Courses for the Lifesaving Silver Award
    • 6 Lifeguard Training Weekends at a Lifeguard Station with e.g. the following topics
        • observing and spotting for incidents
        • assessing unnormal situations
        • approaching and saving techniques
        • means to rescue
        • routing of swimmers and rescue boats
        • searching under water
        • training competitions
    • Use of Training for Lifesaving Sports
  • 42. ILS Goals for Sport
    • to attract young people to lifesaving through sport. 
    • to encourage lifesaving technique development through sport.  
    • to maintain and enhance the image of lifesaving.
    • to maintain the unity of ILS through sport. 
    • to increase participation in lifesaving sport.  
    • to be the international authority on lifesaving sport.
  • 43. Lifesaving Sports
    • more goals
      • physical training for lifesavers/lifeguards
      • training of lifesaving skills
      • competing each other
    • lifesaving sport should train and reflect the lifesaving skills really needed in the lifesaving practice
  • 44. Comparison of Lifesaving Skills and Event Descriptions of the ILS Competition Manual
  • 45. Comparison of Lifesaving Skills and Event Descriptions of the ILS Competition Manual
  • 46. Lifesaving Competition
    • Sport supports the fitness of the lifesavers and is one way of physical training. The lifesaving sport shall help to better the lifesaving skills.
    • To reach this goal the lifesaving competitions have to match the lifesaving skills.
    • Lifesaving competitions shall simulate rescue situations.
    • The event descriptions have to reflect the rescue practice, if the sport shall support to fulfil the above mentioned goals.
  • 47. Analysis of the ILS Competition Rules
    • some skills of the lifesaving practice are up to now not supported by lifesaving sport events.
    • some events have only importance to develop physical fitness and basic skills,
      • the surf ski has a long tradition as sport equipment but has only low importance in the lifesaving practice.
      • the frontcrawl style to carry the manikin is not acceptable.
    • The sports techniques should be the same as in the rescue practice.
    • the competition rules have to be changed urgently to match the rescue practice again.
  • 48. The Conclusions
    • Real rescue situations should be simulated for training purposes.
    • Special lifesaving sports events and rescue competitions can help to increase the fitness and skills of the lifesavers.
    • The discussion of dangerous situations within the lifesaving teams at the lifeguard stations, the common daily training and competition of a lifeguard team level fits the members of the rescue team closer together and encourages even the lifesaving technique development.
  • 49. The Learning Objectives
    • The different conditions of water areas cause also different lifesaving skills.
    • Simulated rescue training increases the success of rescue of real rescue activities.
    • The rules of lifesaving sports events should support the training of lifesaving skills.