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Drowning Report
 
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Author: Peter Agnew

Author: Peter Agnew
(02-01)

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    Drowning Report Drowning Report Presentation Transcript

    • 2007 ILS World Drowning Report Peter Agnew Barbara Byers and Ortwin Kreft
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    • 2007 ILS World Drowning Report
      • Globally, drowning is a leading cause of death
      • This is the inaugural ILS Drowning Report
      • It reviews what member countries know
      • Things seem not to count unless they can be counted
    • Introduction to Report
      • Base of information that ILS Countries are able to provide
      • Provides an initial benchmark for which we can measure our performance going forward
      • Provides ILS with the opportunity to define its research role
      • Opportunity to develop, improve, mentor and assist its Member Organisations
    • Change in Focus
      • From aquatic leadership to population management
      • Part of transformation and maturity
      • Change in focus will reduce drowning death
    • Improve Data Collection
      • Encourage non-reporting nations to report
      • Also encourage nations with weak reporting to improve their quality
      • Benchmark standard
      • Based on Utstein Style guidelines
    • World Health Organization (WHO)
      • World Health Organization (WHO) – most comprehensive international level data collection.
      • WHO 2002 Factsheet on drowning estimated that 382,312 people drowned.
      • Drowning is the third leading cause of unintentional injury.
    • World Health Organization (WHO)
      • World Health Organization (WHO) acknowledges that problem is even greater
      • Data does not include cataclysms (floods), transport accidents, assaults and suicide were excluded.
      • 97% of unintentional deaths occurred in low and middle-income countries..
    • 2007 World Drowning Report
      • Reviews the current statistical data and literature on drowning mortality.
      • Provides an overview of research from 16 countries with ILS member organizations.
      • ILS data represents a small sample of the world population (13%).
      • And of the drowning problem (3%).
    • N/A N/A 0.4 250 2005 69 515 Iran N/A N/A 0.5 127 2000 23 270 Malaysia 14 86 0.6 381 2001 58 789 U.K. 0 100 0.7 1 2001 151 St. Lucia 22 78 0.8 644 2003 82 532 Germany N/A N/A 0.9 36 2000 4 018 Singapore 14 17 69 1.3 3 787 2000 281 422 USA 24 76 1.3 51 2002 3 917 Ireland 13 87 1.5 134 2000 8 883 Sweden 16 84 1.5 450 2001 30 007 Canada 2 21 77 1.5 277 2001 18 972 Australia N/A N/A 2.1 167 2001 7 974 Bulgaria 31 69 2.4 244 2001 10 230 Czech Rep. 26 74 3.3 125 2001 3 737 New Zealand 15 85 3.4 176 2003 5 220 Finland N/A N/A 3.5 5 983 2000 169 799 Brazil Unknown % Female % Male % Drowning deaths (per 100 000) Total unintentional drowning deaths Census year Population (000’s) International Life Saving Federation member countries data source
    • ILS Data Sources
      • Various data sources.
      • From coroner’s offices (with high degree of accuracy),
      • To media, police and lifesaver reports with a lesser degree of accuracy and completeness.
    • Available Data
      • More data are available from developed countries.
      • But drowning is a greater problem in less developed countries.
      • Areas where drowning is greatest are the least likely to be represented in ILS data.
    • ILS Drowning Data
      • Men 18-49 years had the highest drowning numbers and rate.
      • Children under 5 years had the second highest risk.
      • Many reporting countries reported a reduction of drownings amongst young children.
    • Population Predictions
      • United Nations predicts the magnitude of the drowning problem is going to get worse.
      • By 2050 Africa and Asia will be home to more than 80% of the population.
      • China and India will shelter 1/3 of the world population.
    • Developing versus Industrialised Countries.
      • Industrialised countries -recreational activities.
      • Swimming skills and water safety awareness form part of the dominant culture of the population.
      • Developing countries – as part of daily living; part of routine activity.
      • Distinct lack of swimming skills and water safety awareness.
    • Why collect data?
      • Counting victims does not save lives or reduce drownings.
      • Understanding the magnitude of the problem
      • and
      • identifying risk factors leads to effective prevention strategies.
    • Risk Factors
      • Socio-demographic-identify high priority target groups e.g. young children.
      • Environmental – type of activity e.g. safety devices amongst boaters who reside in countries susceptible to flooding.
    • Drowning Prevention Focus
      • Remove, reduce or change the hazard.
      • Change risk-taking supervision or skills.
      • Prevent contact between people and the environment.
    • Recommendations
      • The ILS World Drowning report should be published with regular frequency.
        • All ILS member organisations should contribute data.
        • ILS should assist with improving the quality of data collection.
        • ILS should develop the gold standard for reporting by ILS member countries – Utstein Style and information (ICD 10).
    • Recommendations
      • ILS should adopt intervention models that can be used by its Member Organizations to raise awareness about methodological measures.
      • Prevention programmes should encompass strategies to address the needs of high-risk target groups.
    • How can you help?
      • Use the Utstein Style of data collection.
      • Provide the key contact for data collection to ILS Drowning Committee member- Peter, Ortwin, Barbara.
      • Analyze your data and identify high risk target group and most effective intervention strategies.
      • If you don’t have data, you can still develop intervention strategy.
      • Report will be published Oct/Nov and will be available on the ILS website ( www.ilsf.org ) 30 days
    • Conclusions
      • ILS = industrialised nations with drownings occurring recreational activity.
      • Developing nations (many without ILS membership) have a more serious epidemic of drownings during daily living activities.
      • Opportunity for ILS to share its intervention strategies.
    • Goal
      • Improved data collection will lead to more effective drowning prevention strategies.
      • Ultimate goal is a meaningful reduction in the incidence of drowning worldwide.
    •