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Child And Adolescent Drowning Portugal
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Child And Adolescent Drowning Portugal

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Author: Sandra Nascimento

Author: Sandra Nascimento
(03-04)

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Child And Adolescent Drowning Portugal Child And Adolescent Drowning Portugal Presentation Transcript

  • CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL www.apsi.org.pt Botte, H; Galvão, S; Nascimento, S; Menezes, H; Rocha, E Com o apoio de
  • Who is APSI? A private non-profit association founded in 1992 AIMS Promote union and development of alliance/efforts between the social, political and industrial sectors to reduce the number and severity of accidents as well as their consequences in children and adolescents. CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • INTERVENTION
    • Information & Communication
    • Investigation
    • Education & Training
    • Standardization
    • Legislation
    • AREAS/FIELDS
    • Road Safety
    • Home Safety
    • Water Safety
    • School Safety
    • Leisure and Sports Safety
    CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
  • NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL PROBLEM Drowning is the second leading cause of injury death in children in Europe (WHO, 1996-2000) and in all OECD countries (UNICEF, 2001) In Portugal, every year at least 30 children and adolescents die in result of a drowning (INE, 1999-2004) Non fatal drowning is considered a public health problem (WHO,2006) CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • Difficult to understand the magnitude of the problem:
    • the number and consequences of non-fatal drowning are unknown
    • the specific conditions how drowning in children occurred
    CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL NATIONAL PROBLEM
  • local studies in 3 Portuguese hospitals located in different regions during 2003 (Coimbra, Porto, Faro); a study in Faro/Algarve between 1998-2005; a annual national study based in press clips since 2004. Since 2003 APSI study children drowning in Portugal CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
  • APSI found out differences in the specific conditions that drowning happened with Portuguese children based on age gender time of the year country region water plan RESULTS: CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • most of the drowning occurred with boys
    RESULTS: CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • in the south of Portugal most of the drowning occurred in pools
    • in the centre and north Portugal most of the drowning happened in wells and tanks
    • most of the drowning occurred in private pools, wells and tanks (building setting)
  • RESULTS: CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • in building settings, like pools, wells and tanks most of the drowning occurred with children until 5 years
    • in natural settings like rivers, lakes and dams most of the drowning occurred with children between 10 and 14 years of age
    • drowning with children up 15 years old occurred only in natural settings
    • most of the drowning occurred between May and August
    • the south Portugal study showed that most of the drowning happened with children on holidays in the first day of stay
    • most of the young children were near to parents or teachers
    • most of the older children were with friends
    RESULTS: CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • use of physical barriers that delay the children access to water (in pools, wells…);
    • use of safety equipments (like personal floaters and life vests);
    • supervision and vigilance;
    • generalized first aid training, namely in life support to all persons.
    CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL COMPLEMENTARY STRATEGIES:
    • the development of an integrated information system about drowning
    • a law that makes the use of physical barriers in pools used at home and tourist resorts mandatory
    • review of the Portuguese law for protection of wells
    CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL APSI IS ASKING FOR
    • the reinforce and regulation of the bathers safety law
    • the inclusion of training in life support in school curriculum
    • the inclusion in legislation for “holidays camps” safety issues relayed with prevention of drowning
    CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL APSI IS ASKING FOR:
  • CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • Raise awareness of population, authorities and government on drowning problem
    • Promote the adoption of preventive measures
    • Promote the implementation of more effective rescue, treatment and rehabilitation strategies
  • CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
    • Postal Cards
    • Sugar Packages
    • Local Seminars
    Poster Leaflet Doctor’s Advice
  • CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL
  • CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DROWNING IN PORTUGAL www.apsi.org.pt Botte, H; Galvão, S; Nascimento, S; Menezes, H; Rocha, E Com o apoio de