Are they watching…the SEE system

1,198 views

Published on

Lifeguard-scanning, inhibitors and enhancement variables and a system that allows supervisory staff quantifiably evaluate a lifeguard’s supervision performance.

Author: Michael Shane
(01-11)

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,198
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
74
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Are they watching…the SEE system

  1. 1. <ul><li>Lifesaving Society Canada </li></ul><ul><li>The SEE System </li></ul>
  2. 2. The SEE System <ul><li>The Process of Scanning and Recognition </li></ul>
  3. 3. The SEE System
  4. 4. The SEE System
  5. 5. The SEE System
  6. 6. The SEE System
  7. 7. The SEE System
  8. 8. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning and recognition </li></ul>
  9. 9. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning and Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>systematic process of observing/evaluating bathers </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on peoples behavior, swimming ability and activities </li></ul><ul><li>ability to identify those that require more attention </li></ul><ul><li>ability to cover designated “zone” within a specified time period… SCANNING WINDOW </li></ul><ul><li>ability to observe all areas within the zone..especially the bottom of the aquatic facility (exception may be waterfront settings) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>observe through patterns of eye/head movement to cover the zone…circular, zigzag, back and forth, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The SEE System
  11. 11. The SEE System
  12. 12. The SEE System
  13. 13. The SEE System <ul><li>The Process of Scanning and Recognition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>of course effective scanning relies on ability of the lifeguard to see the entire area within their designated zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>this requires some standard for visual acuity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visual acuity of 20/20 corrected with at least one eye and minimum of 20/40 corrected in the poorer eye. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corrective lenses of 20/20 corrected vision must be worn and be secure at all times. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peripheral vision of 120 degrees with both eyes used together. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sunglasses should be worn when lifeguarding or instructing outdoors. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sunglasses should not be worn indoors or after dark </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The SEE System <ul><li>The Process of Scanning and Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>internationally there is no one recognized standard for scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in Australia… the 30:120 rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in the United States… the 10:20 rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in Canada … the 10:30 second window rule </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The SEE System <ul><li>The Process of Scanning and Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>30:120 rule (surf) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in surf conditions lifeguards must scan their zone of coverage in 30 seconds and respond to persons in need within the 120 seconds. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The SEE System <ul><li>The Process of Scanning and Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>10:20 rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in the US, lifeguards must scan their zone of coverage in 10 seconds and respond to persons in need within the next 20 seconds. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The SEE System <ul><li>The Process of Scanning and Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>10:30 second scanning window rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in Canada, lifeguards must scan their zone of coverage in no faster than 10 seconds and no slower than 30 seconds (from one starting point and back to that point) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul>
  19. 19. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>so what about staff training sessions…what can you do to enhance your lifeguards scanning abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spot the colors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timed spotting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beat the Clock </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faces (see Appendix) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20/20 is not enough (see Appendix) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Photographic Scan </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning Inhibitors and Enhancers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spot the Colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>different color objects are placed on the pool bottom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lifeguards have a set amount of time to scan the pool area to identify the object and its location </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photographic Scan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>setting a stage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>photographic images across the zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>timed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>spot the issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lets try this out…look for issues in this timed scan…... </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Lifesaving Society Canada </li></ul><ul><li>The SEE System </li></ul>
  23. 29. <ul><li>Lifesaving Society Canada </li></ul><ul><li>The SEE System </li></ul>
  24. 39. The SEE System <ul><li>Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul>
  25. 40. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE (see Appendix) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S upervision/ E valuation and E nhancement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>criteria established from existing standards used to evaluate candidates seeking NLS status </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>form created </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>numeric values …quantitative rather than qualitative </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 41. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>evaluation done over a period of time (5-10 minutes) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>other components checked </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>signed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 42. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>evaluated by SEE Evaluators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secret shopper premise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>frequency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>daily </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>weekly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>monthly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>seasonal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 43. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>two tier evaluation system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>level 1 for overall evaluation of lifeguard team performance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>level 2 for a single lifeguard only </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>allows you to focus evaluation on areas that have been reported as weak and then design training to address specific weaknesses found </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 44. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lets look at these two forms (two level evaluation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>both SEE Forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data at top: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>date </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>facility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scores and Weighing or parameters </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 45. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form- Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Admission Standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staff in Uniform </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications with Public /Staff </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment Placement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper stationing of lifeguard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper bather/lifeguard ratio </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative lifeguarding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rescue Ready </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning Standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 46. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Admission Standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- lifeguard not imposing admission standard </li></ul><ul><li>3- some evidence applied admission standard </li></ul><ul><li>5- signage present and evidence of application of policy </li></ul>
  32. 47. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staff in Uniform </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- lifeguard not in designated uniform </li></ul><ul><li>3- lifeguard in partial designated uniform, or missing components (whistle) </li></ul><ul><li>5- lifeguard in designated uniform </li></ul>
  33. 48. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications with Public /Staff </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- no verbal communication with the public </li></ul><ul><li>3- very limited verbal communication with the public </li></ul><ul><li>5- frequent verbal communication with the public </li></ul>
  34. 49. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment Placement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- rescue equipment not present </li></ul><ul><li>3- some equipment present or not in suitable location </li></ul><ul><li>5- all required safety/lesson equipment in place </li></ul>
  35. 50. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper stationing of lifeguard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- lifeguard not at designated stations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- some lifeguard in designated locations or lifeguard relocating to secondary stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5- all lifeguard in designated stations </li></ul>
  36. 51. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper bather/lifeguard ratio </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- illegal bather/lifeguard ratios </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- ratios correct but specialized equipment not supervised (ropes, mats, slides) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5- correct bather/lifeguard-Instructor ratios </li></ul>
  37. 52. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preventative lifeguarding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- no communication from lifeguard to correct bather dangerous activity </li></ul><ul><li>3- strategies in place but not applied by lifeguard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5- good communication and prevention strategies in place and used by lifeguard </li></ul></ul>
  38. 53. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rescue Ready </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0- inappropriate behaviour-leg over tower, no rescue equipment, not watching water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- turns away from water, wrapped in towel, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5- consistently watches zone, looks for problems, issues </li></ul>
  39. 54. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form - Level 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning Standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- standard not met </li></ul><ul><li>3- standard met more than 50 % of the time but less than 100% </li></ul><ul><li>5- standard met 100 % of the time </li></ul>
  40. 55. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form- Level 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head movement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage of zone </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>scanning pattern </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>scanning window </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 56. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form Level 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head movement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0- no head movement, staring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- limited movement, pausing occasionally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5- good movement, rarely pausing </li></ul>
  42. 57. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form Level 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage of Zone </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0- fails to cover entire area of designated zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- covers most of zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5- covers entire area of zone </li></ul>
  43. 58. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form Level 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning Pattern Consistent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0- irregular pattern, areas not viewed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3- follows pattern some of the time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>5- consistent pattern, good coverage </li></ul>
  44. 59. The SEE System <ul><li> Scanning Evaluative Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEE Form Level 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visitation Parameters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanning Window </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>0- standard not met </li></ul><ul><li>3- standard met more than 50 % of the time but less than 100% </li></ul><ul><li>5- standard met 100 % of the time </li></ul>
  45. 60. The SEE System <ul><li>Wrap Up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thanks </li></ul></ul>
  46. 61. <ul><li>Lifesaving Society Canada </li></ul><ul><li>The SEE System </li></ul>

×