Waq-Abergelle Goat Value Chain Analysis: The case of Abergelle Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

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Presented by Lijalem Abebaw, Leulseged Kassa, Tewodros Alemu, Getachew Legesse at the Multi-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Atsbi sheep and Abergelle goat Value Chains in Tigray, Ethiopia, Mekelle, 19-20 March 2013



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Waq-Abergelle Goat Value Chain Analysis: The case of Abergelle Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

  1. 1. Waq-Abergelle Goat Value Chain Analysis: the case of Abergelle Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia Lijalem Abebaw, Leulseged Kassa, Tewodros Alemu, Getachew LegesseMulti-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Atsbi sheep and Abergelle goat Value Chains in Tigray, Ethiopia Mekelle, 19-20 March 2013
  2. 2. Description of Abergelle woreda•15 Kebeles in the woreda.• The farming system (crop-livestock mixed dominated bylivestock)Particulars Unit QuantityHuman Population No 47106 Male No 23964 Female No 23142Livestock No 261,544population Goat and sheep No 147,557Land use %Arable land % 10
  3. 3. Methodology Method of the study focus group discussants FGD  Farmers(including women’s), collectors, traders Key informant interview  SMS of the woreda, kebele and Veterinary shop owners  Collectors and traders  Woreda administrater  Head of Abergelle woreda agriculture office  Abergelle woredaTrade and transport head  Waghimera zone experts
  4. 4. Result and Discussion Core Functions of Abergelle Goat VCCorefunctions - Farmers - Smallholder - Local Collectors - Hotels & - Farmers - AWAO Farmers - Traders - Restaurants - UrbanActors - ACSI - Wholesalers - Butchery dwellers - SDARC - Retailers - Abattoir - Foreign consumers - Breeding - Housing - Buying/Selling - Milk /meat Consumption in stock - Herding - Collection processing the form of: - Livestock - Milking - Wholesale - Selling - GoatActivities Extension - Fattening/ - Retailing meat/milk/ - Dispersing conditioning - Transporting products credits - Live goat for breeding and fattening
  5. 5. 1. Input supply Breeding Stock purchases, gifts, inheritance, share goat rearing, and PSNP There is no improved breed introduced with in the area. Feed supply No supplementary feed supply except for kids(cow pea haulm, sorghum strove for old goats) No private feed supplier Veterinary Service AWAO provide service(5 animal health posts, 3 animalhealth workers, and one DVM at woreda level) No private vet. Service. Credit Service ACSI(18%). HABP(10% interest).
  6. 6. 2. Production Feeding  Feed (free browsing and grazing); Seasonality of 100 feed and rainfall 5Feed Availability (%) Rainfall Score (0-5) 80 4 60 3 40 2 20 1 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Feed availability Rainfall score
  7. 7. Breeding Abergelle is the only breed short ear, small body size, drought resistant, has testy meat, do not lose significant weight while giving birth and milking Farmers buck and does selection criteria: prolificacy, milk yield, and frequency of birth giving, physical appearance, and color. Traditional believe: “The farmer will lose his flock if his buck serve another farmer’s does” Lack of awareness about inbreeding and its effects
  8. 8. Cont’d… Animal health PPR, goat pox, Orf, Actinomycosis and Pasteurellosis, Mange, Lice, Coenurosis and Moniezia expansa. The farmers’ also ranked disease is their major constraint in goat production. However, it seems impossible to give the service due to shortage of drugs, equipment and skilled labor.
  9. 9. Housing Two types: rainy (caves and roofed house) and dry season Kids Barn Main Stock Barn
  10. 10. 3. Processing Actors are butcheries, hotels and restaurants. slaughter and prepare meat for consumption Abergelle Abattoir as an actor Removing hide, chilling the whole carcass and wrapping the carcass with cotton fabric and transport in a cold chin up to the cargo plane.
  11. 11. 4. Consumption Domestic and export Milk Women’s do not drink milk due to traditional believe women’s get strong and unable to control by men Meat  During holidays (Easter and new years)  Urban dwellers, defense force Foreign consumers buy processed meat from whole sellers and retailers in their home country.
  12. 12. Market routes
  13. 13. Major marketing ChannelsMarketing ChannelMap of Abrgele amhara goat vc.docx  Channel one: Local consumers, restaurants and hotels buy from producers  Channel two: smallholder producers sell to farmers for breeding  Channel three: Bulk consumers buy goats that pass through collectors and traders from producers  Channel four: The Export abattoir /market buy goats from farmers, collectors and traders  Channel five: big town consumers buy goats from
  14. 14. Actors in goat value chain Producers: - sell goats to get income for household expenses Collectors: - most are farmers do as part time. Buy up to 20 goats Small traders: - buy 30-50 goats at a time Big traders: - These traders buy up to 100 goats at a time. Retailers: - buy in bulk and retail to customers Export Abattoir: - Abergelle abattoir buys goats less than two years. Butchers: - slaughter and sell slicing and roasting meat to consumers.
  15. 15. Distribution of Costs and MarginsCategory Marketing Marketing Net Producers Proportion cost margin marketing share of of value margin final price addedChannel 238 465 181 42% 38%one(Hotelsandrestaurants)Channel 6 285 279 53% 49%two(butchers)
  16. 16. Transport two modes of transportation  Trekking and trucking Traders transport goats via ISUZU truck. During holydays seven ISUZU trucks per week out flow to Mekele town while three ISUZU trucks per week during normal marketing days. The mortality rate is on average two goats per one ISUZU truck. One truck loads 70-100 goats. The average transport cost per head of goats is 20 Ethiopian Birr. The volume of goats out flow from fenarewa via trekking is two third of the total volume inflow to Mekele town. 2/3 goes via trekking; and 1/3 via Isuzu and ORAL truck
  17. 17. Gender disparities male keep goats women’s look after kids and old goats around homestead Men’s sell goats Women’s sell butterMarket information  from neighbor sold goat before a week Traders from their customers No organized market information system
  18. 18. Constraints along the VCInput supply constraints Lack of credit service:  ACSI 18% is not affordable by smallholder farmers  HAB program interest rate (10%) benefit small number of food insecure farmers. Feed Shortage: due to long dry season leaves of trees and bushes shade causes body weight lose, even death of goats Lack of skilled animal health extension workers Financial constraint to buy materials and drugs Lack of rural road Lack of transport facilities Shortage of vet. equipment
  19. 19. Production constraints Disease: - farmers ranked first production constraint Low productivity of Abergelle breed Traditional feeding practice Marketing constraints Lack of supply during dry season (March, April, May and June) Lack of market Information Multiple taxation Lack of vertical linkage Weak horizontal linkage
  20. 20. Opportunities Government development focus and large flock size of goats:  Of the total 261,544 livestock, shoat accounts about 147,557. Availability of preferred Abergelle breed ecotypes  eg. Ambadago and Aresgie villages Availability of large area for forage development  only 9.9% arable land and 2.5% for settlement.  88% forest, bush and other land uses
  21. 21. Cont’d… Availability of Water: - Abergelle woreda is endowed with rivers (Tirary, Zamera etc.) and Tekezie artificial lake. Availability of adapted forage species:- SDARC has verified the adaptability of forages like cowpea, lablab, and elephant grass. Labor availability: - There are many unemployed youth in the area who have a great interest to involve in modern goat production. Market access:- bulk consumers like defense force (Semien Eze), Mekele urban dwellers and Abergelle export abattoir are the potential buyers of Abergelle goat.
  22. 22. Conclusion Traditional production system Low productivity of the breed Drought, poor input and service delivery systems Unorganized marketing system and low bargaining power of producers Weak horizontal and vertical linkages among the different actors To develop goat VC, improve its efficiency and maximize benefit of actors, there is a need to develop short, medium and long intervention plans (purpose of

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