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Goat value chains in Yabelo district ofBorana zone, Ethiopia: Results of a rapid        value chain assessment            ...
 Yabello found in Borana zone of southern  Oromia The districts has 13 PAs and 2 urban kebeles Bimodal rainfall pattern...
   FGD was made with group of pastoralists composed of    men, women, community leaders and youth    Big    and   small ...
Core                                                                           Consufunctio               Input         Pr...
Sources of breeding stock:    ◦ Pastoralists within the area,    ◦ Adjacent markets    ◦ Yabello Research Center    ◦ GOs ...
Goat health services provided by: public veterinary clinics community animal health workers private veterinary clinics ...
Credit sources:  Oromia credit and saving institution   -group collateral  Household asset building  own credit and sav...
Breeding•   Three types of local goat breeds: Borana, Konso    and Guji are available   Introduction of 50%(100% Boer x10...
   browses of bushes   Pastoralists do not have the culture of    collecting and preserving neither the    naturally gro...
seasonal distribution of feed resource                                    relative to rain fall pattern                   ...
   Goats are kept in fences that do not have roofing    Pastoralists build separate kids houses known as    ‘Dhokoba’  ...
•   The Borana Pastoralists produce goat milk•   Goat milking is the task of women•   Goat milk is usually for household  ...
   Producers sell their goats to    -traders, collectors, consumers, cooperatives, hotels and restaurants and other      ...
N   Types of buyer                  Types of animals     Purposeo1   Small and big traders traders   Does, fattened and   ...
ExportLegend                                                        Finfinne                                Abattoirs=Seco...
Land tenure                    Rules and                Security              Climatic        Enabling                    ...
Channel 1:producres      Collectors        Small traders     big traders       export abattoirChannel 2:producres      Col...
Channel 4:producres      small traders     big traders   live exportChannel 5:producres   big traders   export abattoirCha...
   processing is mainly carried out by    hotels   and    butchers   for   local    consumption and export abattoirs for ...
 Hotels and butcheries slaughter goat  mainly to prepare different dishes and  to retail raw meat on kilogram basis Cons...
Constraints at input supply and production level   Non market oriented production   Lack of feed conservation practices...
   Lack of formal market information   Long distance of the market from production   Seasonality of supply of goat   N...
   Borana has great potential for goat    production   The core functions, activities and actors in    the VC were ident...
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Goat value chains in Yabelo district of Borana zone, Ethiopia: Results of a rapid value chain assessment

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Presented by Nizam Husen at the Multi-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Lowland Sheep and Goat Value Chains in Ethiopia, Debre Zeit, 1-2 April 2013


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Transcript of "Goat value chains in Yabelo district of Borana zone, Ethiopia: Results of a rapid value chain assessment "

  1. 1. Goat value chains in Yabelo district ofBorana zone, Ethiopia: Results of a rapid value chain assessment Nizam HusenMulti-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Lowland Sheep and Goat Value Chains in Ethiopia Debre Zeit 1-2April 2013
  2. 2.  Yabello found in Borana zone of southern Oromia The districts has 13 PAs and 2 urban kebeles Bimodal rainfall pattern main rain season (March-May) and short rain season(Sept-Nov) Total population of the district is 96,862 (40,502 female and 56360 male) Study Kebeles: Dharito and Elwoye It is located 567km from Addis Ababa, in the southern direction parts of Oromia with altitude of 1600m asl Validation 2 April 2013 2
  3. 3.  FGD was made with group of pastoralists composed of men, women, community leaders and youth Big and small traders, collectors, livestock transporters, experts and extension agents were interviewed Hotel managers, butchers were also contacted Observations were made to understand the nature of goat marketing in major livestock markets (Haro Bake and Yabello ) secondary data were reviewed (literature review) Validation 2 April 2013 3
  4. 4. Core Consufunctio Input Producti marketi Processing mptio n supply on ng n SlaughteringActivitie Supply of: Transporting Feeding Frying / s Breeding stock Herding Selling cooking Consumptio Veterinary services n Credit service Housing Buying Meat retailing Feed (some times) Breeding Collection Making wosla •pastoralists, Pastoralists,Actors YPDARC Pastoralis Hotels, Consu •GO’s & NGOs, priva ts traders, bro butchers mers te clinics kers
  5. 5. Sources of breeding stock: ◦ Pastoralists within the area, ◦ Adjacent markets ◦ Yabello Research Center ◦ GOs and NGOs for restocking(after drought) ◦ Busa Gonofa systemFeed supply Supplementation of mineral salt (megado and dilo) supplementary feeds is not targeting goats supply of forage seeds is not practiced Validation 2 April 2013 5
  6. 6. Goat health services provided by: public veterinary clinics community animal health workers private veterinary clinics  private pharmacies  Informal veterinary drug sellers for common diseases (CCPP, PPR, Goat Pox, trypanosomiasis, Ticks, Lice, Mengmites, Hemoncus) Validation 2 April 2013 6
  7. 7. Credit sources:  Oromia credit and saving institution -group collateral  Household asset building  own credit and saving cooperative -usually they face shortage of capital to address the credit needs of their members 7
  8. 8. Breeding• Three types of local goat breeds: Borana, Konso and Guji are available Introduction of 50%(100% Boer x100% Borana goat) cross bucks by YPDARC recently There is a general shortage of breeding bucks The community is not selecting bucks for their flock No controlled mating No awareness about inbreeding and its consequences One buck can serve up to 3-4 years No record keeping about the flock
  9. 9.  browses of bushes Pastoralists do not have the culture of collecting and preserving neither the naturally grown feeds nor growing forages During dry seasons they migrate long distance to search water and feed during dry season acacia pods and leaves are provided if it is available
  10. 10. seasonal distribution of feed resource relative to rain fall pattern 100 5 80 4Feed Availability (%) Rainfall Score (0-5) 60 3 18 30 40 36 2 42 20 32 20 42 1 30 24 18 20 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Browsing Grazing Rainfall (score 0-5)
  11. 11.  Goats are kept in fences that do not have roofing Pastoralists build separate kids houses known as ‘Dhokoba’ some time goats are kept with HH members if their flock structure is 2-5 The barns/houses are cleaned daily by women and children
  12. 12. • The Borana Pastoralists produce goat milk• Goat milking is the task of women• Goat milk is usually for household consumption• They do not sell goat milk• One goat can produce 0.33 litter of milk per a day (on average)• mostly consumed by children less than 5 years when there is no cow milk
  13. 13.  Producers sell their goats to -traders, collectors, consumers, cooperatives, hotels and restaurants and other producers. Producers can sell at the farm gate, on the road, and at the market pointSummary of goat price at different marketing placeTypes of goat Farm gate On the road the marketYearling 550 570 600Does 750 760 800Fattened 950 970 1000Kids 350 370 400Young female 500 530 550
  14. 14. N Types of buyer Types of animals Purposeo1 Small and big traders traders Does, fattened and Reselling by value addition yearling2 Individual consumers Does/yearling Household consumption3 Hotel and restaurant bucks sales4 Pastoralist does Reproduction, slaughtering
  15. 15. ExportLegend Finfinne Abattoirs=Secondary market=primary market=tertiary market 75% Surupa 55% N=export abattoirs 3=directions of market routes Haro-Bake 65% 20% Cheri A76 5% 5% Adama 35% 40% Yabello 45% 25% Elweye Dubluk 85% 50% 50% % 3 % 25% 75% Mega Negelle Teltele 25% 25% % 45% 45% Moyale 5% Konso Kenya
  16. 16. Land tenure Rules and Security Climatic Enabling conditions (access to land) regulations environments Foreign LiveConsumption Individual export consumers Pastoralists (export market) consumers (breeding purposes) Processing Hotels Butchers Super Export markets abattoirs Marketing Big traders Collectors Small traders Production Goat producers (Pastoralists) Input supply Veterinaryservices(pri Extension Technology Credit - forage seeds (MoA) vate andpublic) services - breeds supply services
  17. 17. Channel 1:producres Collectors Small traders big traders export abattoirChannel 2:producres Collectors Small traders big traderslive exportChannel 3:producres small traders big traders exportabattoir
  18. 18. Channel 4:producres small traders big traders live exportChannel 5:producres big traders export abattoirChannel 6:producres big traders live export
  19. 19.  processing is mainly carried out by hotels and butchers for local consumption and export abattoirs for foreign markets and super market
  20. 20.  Hotels and butcheries slaughter goat mainly to prepare different dishes and to retail raw meat on kilogram basis Consumption could be by individual households, hotel customers and foreign consumers
  21. 21. Constraints at input supply and production level Non market oriented production Lack of feed conservation practices Shortage of breeding bucks No selection of bucks Lack of awareness about the negative impacts of inbreeding Shortage of vaccines for CCPP, PPR, Sheep and Goat Poxes High incidence of disease and parasites (CCPP, PPR, Goat Pox, Senorosis, trypanosomiasis, Ticks, Lice, Mengmites, Hemoncus, )
  22. 22.  Lack of formal market information Long distance of the market from production Seasonality of supply of goat No standard method of selling and buying (both weighing scale and visual estimation used) High transportation and broker cost per animals Resource based Ethnic group conflict disrupts the market Shortage of supply of export quality goat to the market
  23. 23.  Borana has great potential for goat production The core functions, activities and actors in the VC were identified The major marketing channels were identified The major constraints and opportunities along the value chain were investigated Necessary intervention is required
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