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Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
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Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia

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Presented by Embaye Kidanu, Mengistu Regassa and Getachew Legesse at the Multi-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Atsbi sheep and Abergelle goat Value Chains in Tigray, Ethiopia, …

Presented by Embaye Kidanu, Mengistu Regassa and Getachew Legesse at the Multi-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Atsbi sheep and Abergelle goat Value Chains in Tigray, Ethiopia, Mekelle, 19-20 March 2013

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  • 1. Value chain analysis of sheep in Atsbi district of Tigray Region, Ethiopia Embaye Kidanu, Mengistu Regassa and Getachew LegesseMulti-stakeholder Workshop for Targeting Action Research on Atsbi sheep and Abergelle goat Value Chains in Tigray, Ethiopia Mekelle, 19-20 March 2013
  • 2. Description of the study area Atsbi-wonbertaLocation 65 Km NE from MekelleHuman population 112,639Rain fall 667.8mmAltitude 1800masl-3000maslTemperature 18 0cLivestock population 209,024Cattle population 52496Cow population 30,588Peasant association 16sheep 82950goat 15431
  • 3. Methodology• Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tools• Focused Group Discussions (FGD)• key informants interview and• visual observations were used to collect primary data.• Different set of checklists were used for different group of actors to guide group discussions and key informants interviewsAnalysis• The data was analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis techniques
  • 4. Results And DiscussionMapping Core Functions Of Atsbi Sheep Value Chain
  • 5. Results,…Core functions of the value chain1. Input supply• Sources of the inputs (like feed, breeding stock and veterinary service)  farmers themselves  bureau of agriculture  Tigray agricultural research institute and traders• Some times dedebit credit and saving institution gives breeds of sheep (female) to female headed farmers on credit basis (in- kind).• Woreda office of agriculture and Tigray agricultural research institute only provide veterinary service to the farmers.
  • 6. Input supply,…Breeding stock supply  Farmers are the major source of breeding stock suppliers (own breeding stocks)Credit service  DSCIVet service  10 health posts (not functional)  3 animal clinics  three health technicians  1 veterinarian
  • 7. Feed supply- Grazing lands- crop residues- crop after math- natural browses- Hay 5 5 Feed Availability score (1-5) Rainfall Score (0-5) 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec months of the year Feed Availability Rainfall Score
  • 8. Results ,…Production• the breeds of sheep have not specific name simply they are known as Habesha breeds• they have good quality characteristics by meet, color and other traits• Short and wide tail, commonly red and to some extent gray color, fast growing and wide backbone are the traits describe atsbi-wonberta woreda sheep breeds.• In addition, the breeds give birth twice a year and get pregnant at the end of the year.
  • 9. Results ,…purpose of Sheep rearing  solving immediate cash demands: like to pay loan, social and cultural expenditures, schooling, clothing, tax payments  fulfilling household consumption expenditure: like solving food gaps, household items (goods)  crop production inputs: like seed, fertilizer and chemicals  meat for different holidays  milk production
  • 10. Type of sheep farmers commonly sold 100 90 80 70percentage sold 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 ram (young old ewe young female castrated male type of sheep
  • 11. Results ,…• An average of 0.5 liter of milk from one sheep per day• they also used to produce butter from the milk they get• Especially, the milk from sheep is important for children and a person who have heart problem• The producers used unimproved breeding practice in which most of them use random mating method• Farmers put their sheep in housing (pen) constructed in the homestead or around the homestead.  Dembe (open)  Gebela (roofed)
  • 12. results,…3. MarketingMarket places 100 percentage in each market place 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 percentage (golgol 10 naele 0 percentage(Habes) market places for atbi sheep
  • 13. Results,….• Marketing levels (4 levels) 1st at farmers’ yard 2nd small village markets open once a week for one day 3rd District towns (wukro and Atsbi) 4th at larger towns (like Adigrat) and in Mekelle city.
  • 14. Proportions of Sheep buyers from farmers 100propertion of buyers of sheep from 90 80 70 60 50 farmers 40 30 20 10 0 trader farmers consumer hotels sheep buyers from farmers
  • 15. results,…factors determine priceand demand of sheep – Festivals/fasting and non fasting – availability of feed – occurrence of disease and natural calamities – household requirements for expenditure – consumer’s income and Preference• Though less significant – factors such as animal color, – origin, – age have effect on animal prices. Red, Light colored sheep, young and active sheep will have relatively higher price
  • 16. Seasonality of sheep supply 100 90 80percentage of supply of sheep 70 60 50 percentage of sheep 40 supply of Habes percentage of sheep 30 supply golgol naele 20 10 0 months of the year
  • 17. Results ,..4. Processing• Actors  Export abattoir found at the capital of the region (Mekelle),  Butcheries at different towns,  Sheba tannery of Wukro town (leaser industry)  Hotels and restaurants• The Abergelle export abattoir buy  male sheep  weighing between 20 to 25 kg  purchased on live weight basis• They have three sheep measuring grades when they buy sheep, grade A, B and C.• The prices for different grades  40 ETB per kg for grade A  36.5ETB per kg for grade B  35.7ETB per kg for grades C
  • 18. Results,..5. Consumption• Majority of the sheep from Atsbi is for domestic consumption• Domestic consumers prefer Atsbi sheep for its quality of meat and taste• Small proportion of them which address the quality parameters are slaughtered at the export abattoir and supplied to foreign consumers
  • 19. Marketing routs Export market 100% 100% Adigrat market Mekele market 5% 95% Wukro market 15% 45% 15% 40% Atsbi town 25% 10% 60% 30% 60% Dera primary market Supply source (Atsbi H/meshal district) primary marketFIG 12: MARKETING ROUTS OF ATSBI SHEEP
  • 20. Results ,….Marketing channelsChannel 1: Producer – consumerChannel 2: Producer – small traders – consumerChannel 3: Producer – small traders – hotel/butcheries –consumerChannel 4: Producer – small traders – large traders – hotels/butcheries – consumersChannel 5: Producer –small traders – export abattoirs - consumersChannel 6: Producer – small traders – large traders – export abattoir – consumerChannel 7: Producer – hotel/butcheries- consumerChannel 8: Producers – large traders – hotels/butcheries – consumersChannel 9: Producers – large traders – export abattoirs - consumers
  • 21. Atsbi sheep value chain map Enabling Rules and Security Land tenure environment Regulations 20% 20%Consumption Export market Individual Farmers (for consumers breeding) (domestic) 5% 5% 100% 5% 100% 100% 40% Export Butcheries 5% Processing Hotels abattoirs 5% 60% 10% 15% 5% 20%Marketing Small traders Big traders 35% 45% 10%Production Sheep Producers Input Veterinary Extension Credit Feed Supply Supply Services Services Services
  • 22. Marketing margin analysisActors Buying Selling Gross Market Net Produce Rank of price/prod price margin ing cost marketin rs share channels by uction cost g margin producers shareProducers 217 550 333 1.5 331 100 1Small 550 670 120 32 88 82 2tradersLarge 700 860 160 45 115 63 3tradersHotels 750 1460 710 536 174 37 6Butcheries 810 1420 610 314 295 38 5Abattoirs 900 1230 330 193 137 44 4Average 653 1031 377 181 196 53
  • 23. Constraint of the sheep value chaininput supply• Limited number of veterinary clinics and non-functional animal health posts• Shortage of veterinary drugs and equipment• Shortage of animal health workers and skill gap among the existing workers• Lack of private veterinary animal health service providers and vet drug shops• Shortage of transportation facilities to reach farmers in areas far from clinics and health posts
  • 24. Constraints,..Input,..• Lack of flexibility in the credit system and the inconvenience of having group collateral• Lack of livestock market information• Feed shortageProduction constraints• Traditional Breeding practice• Poor/traditional housing• High incidence of disease and parasites• Lack of awareness on improved sheep production system
  • 25. Constraints ,…Marketing constraints• Transportation problem• Shortage of quality sheep supply to the market• Lack of vertical and horizontal linkage• Seasonality of demandProcessing constraints• Insufficient supply• Low quality of sheep supplied to the market• Informal Cross border trade
  • 26. Conclusion• Sheep production has great importance in Atsbi• Sheep production unimproved• Support services and inputs are not well developed• Less attention given by development institutions• Sheep marketing system is fragmented• Weak horizontal & vertical integration among the actors• Atsbi sheep value chain process is inefficient• Need to design strategic intervention plans

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