Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons<br />Kebebe Erg...
Key Issues<br />Poor livestock productivity and feed scarcity as key constraint <br />Protracted dilemma of shelving techn...
Framework for Agricultural Transformation<br />Market-oriented farmers operating profitably to create sufficient farm inco...
Decreased farm risk
Enhancement of improved nutrition</li></ul>Farmer Productivity<br />Techs are adopted and adapted  to minimize the gap bet...
Knowledge dissemination</li></ul>Market Access<br />Robust post harvest value chain  for farmers to capture value from the...
Dependable demand linkages
Value accretion</li></ul>Agricultural value chain<br />Key enabling environment<br />4<br />Infrastructure Network provide...
Financial intermediation
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Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons

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Kebebe Ergano and Alan Duncan

FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems, Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010

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Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons

  1. 1. Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons<br />Kebebe Ergano and Alan Duncan<br />FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems <br />LuangPrabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010<br />
  2. 2. Key Issues<br />Poor livestock productivity and feed scarcity as key constraint <br />Protracted dilemma of shelving technologies vs impact<br />Many leading aggie scientists believe agricultural development is a question of developing technologies and pushing them out to farmers<br />However, there is huge gap b/n high potential of agricultural technology generated by research and farmers’ productivity and livelihood<br />Forage/livestock development challenges are ‘complex’ that no single person or organization acting alone can tackle the issue effectively<br />Forage/livestock development depends on many things working together across the agricultural system<br />
  3. 3. Framework for Agricultural Transformation<br />Market-oriented farmers operating profitably to create sufficient farm income to sustain overall wellbeing<br />Characteristics of Agricultural Systems<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />Science and Technology<br />Discovery science and development of better tech and new tools for livestock management<br /><ul><li>Increased productivity
  4. 4. Decreased farm risk
  5. 5. Enhancement of improved nutrition</li></ul>Farmer Productivity<br />Techs are adopted and adapted to minimize the gap between the potential and actual production<br /><ul><li>Rapid delivery & adoption of physical inputs
  6. 6. Knowledge dissemination</li></ul>Market Access<br />Robust post harvest value chain for farmers to capture value from their produce<br /><ul><li>Robust aggregating & marketing options
  7. 7. Dependable demand linkages
  8. 8. Value accretion</li></ul>Agricultural value chain<br />Key enabling environment<br />4<br />Infrastructure Network provides the coordinated backbone for the flow of goods and services<br /><ul><li>Transport
  9. 9. Financial intermediation
  10. 10. ICT
  11. 11. Power
  12. 12. Water</li></ul>Institutional and policy settings provide the freedom to operate in a market environment<br /><ul><li>Policy
  13. 13. Institutions</li></li></ul><li>Innovation systems approach and stakeholder process<br />Its main attractions<br />Emphasise network facilitation: innovation platforms, innovation brokering, social learning and institutional transformation<br />Facilitate multi-stakeholder learning processes as an avenue to institutional change <br />Emphasise collaborative learning facilitated based on the principle of an action-reflection-sharing-action cycle<br />
  14. 14. Use of Stakeholder Platforms shows promise<br />Use of improved forages is expanding <br />Forage expanding from 400 pilot farmers to 1000’s of farmers <br />Links between private forage seeds enterprises and farmers improving<br />Dairy cooperative established and strengthened<br />Stakeholder platform facilitation institutionalised <br />Partners in the innovation process aredealing with constraints along dairy value chain through innovation platforms <br />
  15. 15. Successes are context specific<br />Successful forage/livestock innovation at Ada’a<br />Fertile land and good rainfall<br />Good market access/market orientation<br />Diverse stakeholders<br />Limited innovation at Alamata<br />Unreliable rainfall <br />Few and less diverse actors<br />Far away from major market centers<br />Less market orientation<br />
  16. 16. Essential elements for successful platforms process <br />Joint situation analysis, problem diagnosis, needs and opportunities assessment<br />Experimenting with technology options <br />Convening agency to establish and facilitate innovation platforms <br />Pragmatism to adapt to changing circumstances and uncertainty<br />Institutionalization and scaling up <br />M&E of the process<br />
  17. 17. Gaps<br />Self organizing v orchestrated<br />Institutional vacuum to finance and convene stakeholder platforms<br />What if there is no quick win technology to pilot?<br />Balancing concrete action and social learning process<br />Sequence of concrete action ->Platform or otherwise<br />Sustaining platforms or the culture of working in partnerships?<br />Difficulty in articulating outputs, outcomes and impacts<br />Development is about behaviour and capacity-> improving behavioural processes and capacities as outcomes<br />
  18. 18. Key messages<br />Success in innovation research is attributed to BOTHconcerted action process and social learning process<br />Stakeholder platforms can foster innovation where market access is good and the range of actors is reasonably broad <br />External resource needed at initial stage<br />More success innovation stories needed to showcase and bring policy change<br />Innovation processes takes longer than regular tech transfer<br />

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