Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons
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Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons

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Kebebe Ergano and Alan Duncan

Kebebe Ergano and Alan Duncan

FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems, Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010

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Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons Presentation Transcript

  • Using stakeholder platforms to enhance local innovations in the livestock sector in Ethiopia: Some Lessons
    Kebebe Ergano and Alan Duncan
    FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems
    LuangPrabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010
  • Key Issues
    Poor livestock productivity and feed scarcity as key constraint
    Protracted dilemma of shelving technologies vs impact
    Many leading aggie scientists believe agricultural development is a question of developing technologies and pushing them out to farmers
    However, there is huge gap b/n high potential of agricultural technology generated by research and farmers’ productivity and livelihood
    Forage/livestock development challenges are ‘complex’ that no single person or organization acting alone can tackle the issue effectively
    Forage/livestock development depends on many things working together across the agricultural system
  • Framework for Agricultural Transformation
    Market-oriented farmers operating profitably to create sufficient farm income to sustain overall wellbeing
    Characteristics of Agricultural Systems
    1
    2
    3
    Science and Technology
    Discovery science and development of better tech and new tools for livestock management
    • Increased productivity
    • Decreased farm risk
    • Enhancement of improved nutrition
    Farmer Productivity
    Techs are adopted and adapted to minimize the gap between the potential and actual production
    • Rapid delivery & adoption of physical inputs
    • Knowledge dissemination
    Market Access
    Robust post harvest value chain for farmers to capture value from their produce
    • Robust aggregating & marketing options
    • Dependable demand linkages
    • Value accretion
    Agricultural value chain
    Key enabling environment
    4
    Infrastructure Network provides the coordinated backbone for the flow of goods and services
    • Transport
    • Financial intermediation
    • ICT
    • Power
    • Water
    Institutional and policy settings provide the freedom to operate in a market environment
    • Policy
    • Institutions
  • Innovation systems approach and stakeholder process
    Its main attractions
    Emphasise network facilitation: innovation platforms, innovation brokering, social learning and institutional transformation
    Facilitate multi-stakeholder learning processes as an avenue to institutional change
    Emphasise collaborative learning facilitated based on the principle of an action-reflection-sharing-action cycle
  • Use of Stakeholder Platforms shows promise
    Use of improved forages is expanding
    Forage expanding from 400 pilot farmers to 1000’s of farmers
    Links between private forage seeds enterprises and farmers improving
    Dairy cooperative established and strengthened
    Stakeholder platform facilitation institutionalised
    Partners in the innovation process aredealing with constraints along dairy value chain through innovation platforms
  • Successes are context specific
    Successful forage/livestock innovation at Ada’a
    Fertile land and good rainfall
    Good market access/market orientation
    Diverse stakeholders
    Limited innovation at Alamata
    Unreliable rainfall
    Few and less diverse actors
    Far away from major market centers
    Less market orientation
  • Essential elements for successful platforms process
    Joint situation analysis, problem diagnosis, needs and opportunities assessment
    Experimenting with technology options
    Convening agency to establish and facilitate innovation platforms
    Pragmatism to adapt to changing circumstances and uncertainty
    Institutionalization and scaling up
    M&E of the process
  • Gaps
    Self organizing v orchestrated
    Institutional vacuum to finance and convene stakeholder platforms
    What if there is no quick win technology to pilot?
    Balancing concrete action and social learning process
    Sequence of concrete action ->Platform or otherwise
    Sustaining platforms or the culture of working in partnerships?
    Difficulty in articulating outputs, outcomes and impacts
    Development is about behaviour and capacity-> improving behavioural processes and capacities as outcomes
  • Key messages
    Success in innovation research is attributed to BOTHconcerted action process and social learning process
    Stakeholder platforms can foster innovation where market access is good and the range of actors is reasonably broad
    External resource needed at initial stage
    More success innovation stories needed to showcase and bring policy change
    Innovation processes takes longer than regular tech transfer