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Update on value chain development theme

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Presented by Tom Randolph at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011 …

Presented by Tom Randolph at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011

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  • 1. Update on value chain development theme Tom Randolph (ILRI)CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning Meeting ILRI Nairobi 27 September 2011
  • 2. Three platforms for generating productivityImproved TechnologiesAnimal geneticsAnimal feedsAnimal health Value Chain Development Sectorial and policy analysis Value chain assessment Value chain innovation Targeting, Gender and Impact Systems analysis and targeting Gender and equity M&E and impact assessment
  • 3. Value Chain Development Overall outcome1. A multi-faceted strategy actively being implemented by development actors in each of the 9 target value chains that is significantly increasing productivity and benefits to the poor, while minimizing impacts on the environment  Based on strategies and evidence generated by CRP3.7 and partners  Research is ongoing to address priority constraints in medium and longer term to sustain productivity growth2. Proven value chain development approaches, methods and tools are being applied by the research and development communities globally
  • 4. Sectoral and Policy Analysis Component 2.1 CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning Meeting ILRI Nairobi 27 September 2011
  • 5. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis Impact pathway and outcomesPathway: CRP3.7 works with partners to conduct analyses and generate evidence and engage with policymakers and stakeholders to understand the whether and how the target value chain should be ‘enabled’ (economic, social, environmental)Outcome: Consensus achieved among national and regional policymakers regarding pro-poor policies and investment strategies to support development of the 9 target value chains  Competitive viability of the target value chain, and particularly its pro-poor aspects, confirmed and recognized  Policymakers aware of implications of development and growth of the target value chains in terms of possible socio- economic and environmental trade-offs
  • 6. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis Current Activities & ResourcesOverall A. Gelan (economist)India Ongoing engagement in Assam on dairy policyEthiopia Sector modeling; livestock component of GDP calculation LIVES*:Mali PROGEBE: investment policies to conserve endemic cattle and SR (Fadiga, economist)Tanzania EADD*: ASARECA PAAP*:Vietnam Major ACIAR project on competitiveness of smallholder pig systems recently completedUganda ASARECA: Aquaculture development EC*:EgyptNicaragua CFC: Improving competitiveness of informal actors in dairy VCsOther DANIDA*: Environmental assessment for aquaculture in Zambia EC*: CSISA for aquaculture in Bangladesh
  • 7. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis Proposed Intermediate Outcomes Methods/toolkits to support policy analysis for pro-poor VC development  Economic  Social (from Gender & Equity)  Environmental Basic sectoral and economy-wide models established for scenario analysis for each VC Prospective national (regional) sectoral market assessments
  • 8. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes Decision makers and Partners have capacity to stakeholders are confident of apply rapid situational (potential) competitiveness of analysis target VCsResearch 1. Conceptual framework for 1. Methodology for 1. PrototypeOutputs sectoral and policy analysis sectoral and economy- sectoral models wide modeling for economic 2. Methodology for rapid established analysis of situational analysis target VCs established developed and applied to 3. Rapid situational analyses relevant for each target value, scenario including basic market and analysis equity assessments Environmental impact assessment ?
  • 9. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis Key PartnersOverall CRP2 (IFPRI), Michigan State UnivIndia ?Ethiopia ?Mali ECOFIL (IER), CORAF, ECOWASTanzania Sokoine Univ of Agriculture, ASARECAVietnam CAP, Hanoi Univ of AgricultureUganda Makerere Univ., ASARECAEgypt ?Nicaragua ?Other
  • 10. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis Priorities for Resource Mobilization 2012 2013 2014Research 1. Conceptual framework for 1. Methodology for 1. PrototypeOutputs sectoral and policy analysis sectoral and economy- sectoral models wide modeling for economic 2. Methodology for rapid established analysis of situational analysis target VCs established developed and 3. Rapid situational analyses applied to for each target value, relevant including basic market and scenario analysis equity assessmentsPriorities Individual or multiple-country projects to assess competitiveness of targetfor new VCs using sectoral modeling (including at least 1 full-time analyst)proposals  Environmental impact assessment ?
  • 11. 2.1 Sectoral & Policy Analysis 2012 Priorities for Organisational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities Restructure team to match CRP needs Identify gaps for priority recruitment and partnership Identify strategy and mechanisms for working links internally with other CRP3.7 components, and externally with CRP2
  • 12. Value Chain Assessment Component 2.2CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning Meeting ILRI Nairobi 27 September 2011
  • 13. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Impact pathway and outcomesPathway: CRP3.7 works with R&D partners to conduct field studies to identify opportunities, test best-bet strategies and generate evidence to inform and stimulate development interventions for pro-poor upgrading of the target value chainsOutcome: Improved and increased public and private sector interventions being applied by development actors to support women and resource-poor value chain actors and consumers, with lower ecological footprint per unit produce
  • 14. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Staff playing major roleILRI Economists: I. Baltenweck, L. Lapar, T. Randolph, S. Staal, 2 positions being recruited * (* one based in Uganda) Epidemiologist: A. Omore Nutritionist: B. Lukuyu Animal health: position being recruited* (*based in Uganda)WorldFish Egypt: VC Expert I (to be hired), G. El Naggar Uganda: VC Expert II (to be hired) Zambia: M BeveridgeCIAT Forage specialist: B. Maass (Nairobi) Laos: T. Tiemann, G. Varney; R. Lefroy Colombia: M. Peters, S. Martens, F. Holmann Nicaragua: R. van der HoekICARDA Ethiopia: VC Coordinator (to be hired) Syria: A. Aw-Hassan, B. Rischkowsky, A. Haile
  • 15. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Current Activities & ResourcesIndia Ongoing engagement in Assam on dairy policyEthiopia ADA*: Community-based sheep breeding schemes (ICARDA, ILRI) LIVES*:Mali PROGEBE: Market development for indigenous cattle, SR in Mali (Guinea, Senegal, Gambia)Tanzania EADD & EADD2*: Dairy development in Tanzania (Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda) ASARECA Dairy & meat product quality and safety in East Africa BMGF: Livestock data innovation in Tanzania (Uganda, Niger) ASARECA PAAP*: in Tanzania (Uganda, Kenya)Vietnam Major ACIAR project on competitiveness of smallholder pig systems recently completed (ILRI) IFAD: Improved forage-based feeding systems in Vietnam (Cambodia, Laos: CIAT)
  • 16. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Current Activities & ResourcesUganda ASARECA, EC*: Aquaculture development BMGF: Livestock data innovation in Uganda (Tanzania, Niger) ASARECA PAAP*: in Tanzania (Uganda, Kenya) EC-IFAD*: Improving the smallholder pig value chainEgypt SDC*: AquacultureNicaragua ADA: Eco-efficient pro-poor crop-livestock systems in Nicaragua (Colombia) BMZ: Forages for monograstics in Nicaragua (Colombia, DRC) CIAT BMZ*: Climate-smart crop-livestock systems in Nicaragua (Colombia) CFC*: Improving competitiveness of informal actors in dairy VCs (Colombia) USDA: Food for ProgressOther ACIAR*: Inland aquaculture in the Solomon Islands (WF) BMZ: Climate change and water use for aquaculture in southern Africa (WF) ACIAR: Improved pig production in Laos (CIAT) AUSAID*: Harnessing husbandry of cavy in Cameroon and DRC (CIAT)
  • 17. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Proposed Intermediate Outcomes Preliminary sets of methods and toolkits established for pro-poor VC development VC development strategies established with partners in target VCs, with evidence base generated and stimulating development investment VC needs are effectively informing priorities for technology research
  • 18. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes CRP3.7, local and 1. Partners have capacity to Evidence base in each international partners have use basic set of tools for VC target VC for best-bet established an R&D alliance toassessment pro-poor VC transform target VC in each 2. Stakeholders in each development country country are increasingly interventions is aware of potential, influencing constraints and initial development options for pro-poor investment decisions development of target VC
  • 19. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes R&D alliance 1. capacity to use tools Evidence base 2. Stakeholders aware influencing decisionsResearch 1. Scoping study to characterize 1. Inventory and evidence base 1. Best-bet interventionOutputs target VC and identify (literature review) for key strategy formulated and stakeholders and potential constraints and proposed tested, ready for piloting partners solutions compiled 2. Basic toolkit for VC assessment 2. Quantitative assessment of compiled for testing VC performance 3. Analytical framework for 3. Technical and economic assessing VC performance assessments of key VC established components to target for 4. Rapid assessment of target VC upgrading (e.g. farm-level: to inform design of in-depth husbandry, feeds, breeds, assessment, and to identify health, environmental issues; preliminary priority constraints market-level: institutional and best-bet upgrading strategies environment, food safety, to test (including specific demand characteristics; components on environmental overall: policies, organizational impacts, food safety risk strategies assessment and gender analysis)
  • 20. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Key PartnersOverall CRP2, GTZ, CIRADIndia BAIFEthiopia EAROMali ECOFIL (IER), CIRADTanzania Sokoine Univ of Agriculture, ASARECAVietnam National Institute of Animal Science, Hanoi Univ of Agriculture, IPSARD, Min. Ag&RDUganda Makerere Univ., VEDCO, Kamuzinda Farm, NAADSEgypt ?Nicaragua ?Other
  • 21. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Priorities for Resource Mobilization 2012 2013 2014Priorities 1. Individual or multiple-country projects to identify and test best-betfor new upgrading strategies for each target VC (perhaps more manageable ifproposals done separately at farm and market levels): all countries except Uganda 2. Project to design and test analytical framework for assessing and monitoring VC performance (both as basis for M&E and as analytical tool) (under CRP2??) 3. Field studies to develop assessment methods for prioritizing animal health and public health (with CRP4.3) priorities for pro-poor VC development 4. Cross-project evaluation of VCA process, development of better metrics and guidelines (WF)
  • 22. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment 2012 Priorities for Organisational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities Restructure team to match CRP needs, with shared vision and assignments for subject/VC focus Identify gaps for priority recruitment or partnership Identify strategy and mechanisms for working links internally with other CRP3.7 components, and externally with CRP2, CRP4 Develop a communication strategy targeted to stakeholders and partners in each target VC
  • 23. 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Composition of VCD TeamKey Dimensions SupportValue chain analysis- economist CRP2Innovation specialist ?Feed specialist CRP3.7.1.3Breeding specialist CRP3.7.1.2Animal health specialist CRP3.7.1.1Animal husbandry specialist ?Farm management specialist – econ ?Post-harvest specialist ?Business development ?Gender specialist CRP3.7.3.2M&E specialist CRP3.7.3.3Sector & policy analyst CRP3.7.3.1; CRP2Environmental impact analyst ?Partnership engagement ?
  • 24. Value Chain Innovation Component 2.3CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning Meeting ILRI Nairobi 27 September 2011
  • 25. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Impact pathway and outcomesPathway: CRP3.7 works with partners to identify and test the principles and methods that permit research to promote and replicate effective and sustained pro-poor change in value chainsOutcome: Enhanced pro-poor value chain performance and more equitable distribution of benefits.
  • 26. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Current Activities & ResourcesOverall R. Puskur (economist), B. Boogaard, 2 WorldFish value chain experts being recruitedIndiaEthiopia LIVES*: Learning platforms in EthiopiaMali PROGEBE: Innovation platforms in Mali (Guinea, Senegal, Gambia)Tanzania EADD*: Dairy development in East AfricaVietnam IFAD: Improved forage-based feeding systems in Vietnam (Cambodia, Laos: CIAT)Uganda ASARECA: Aquaculture development BMZ small grant: Dry season forages for smallholders in Uganda (Kenya, Rwanda)
  • 27. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Current Activities & ResourcesOverall R. Puskur (economist), B. Boogaard, 2 WorldFish value chain experts being recruitedEgyptNicaragua ADA: Eco-efficient pro-poor crop-livestock systems in Nicaragua (Colombia) BMZ: Forages for monograstics in Nicaragua (Colombia, DRC) BMZ*: Climate-smart crop-livestock systems in Nicaragua (Colombia) CFC*: Improving competitiveness of informal actors in dairy VCs (Colombia) USDA*: Food for ProgressOther ACIAR*: Inland aquaculture in the Solomon Islands (WF) BMZ*: Food value chain innovation with aquaculture in Zambia (WF) ACIAR: Improved pig production in Laos (CIAT) AUSAID*: Harnessing husbandry of cavy in Cameroon and DRC (CIAT)
  • 28. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Proposed Intermediate Outcomes Capacity established among key actors within the 9 target value chains to identify and address innovation needs and to access and use appropriate technologies, institutional strategies and knowledge.
  • 29. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes 1. Partners in project areas are 1. Stakeholders in target using methods for value chains are accessing identifying opportunities for knowledge, technologies and stimulating innovation and testing packages of in target value chains interventions for value 2. Partners in target value chain development chains are identifying actors 2. R&D Partners and VC and organizations that can actors are using provide access to mechanisms for technologies, knowledge monitoring and learning and stategies and building from the innovation linkages with them processes and outcomes
  • 30. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes 1. Using methods 1. Testing packages 2. Identifying actors 2. Monitoring & learningResearch 1. AnalyticalOutputs framework for innovation capacity evaluation and designing interventions for VC development 2. Tools and metrics for monitoring innovation processes and outcomes
  • 31. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes 1. Using methods 1. Testing packages 2. Identifying actors 2. Monitoring & learningResearch 1. Analytical 1. Review paper and policy brief on VCA and VCOutputs framework innovation in aquaculture completed 2. Tools and metrics 2. Discussion paper on strategies for innovation in for monitoring target VCs 3. Reflective analysis of action research and monitoring methods employed 4. Policy brief on sheep VC innovation 5. Assessment of environmental benefits from crop- livestock systems adapted to climate change 6. Analysis of sociocultural and economic factors driving adoption of eco-efficient crop-livestock systems 7. Implementation strategies and tools for adaptation and dissemination of eco-efficient agroforestry and livestock systems suitable for the sub-humid tropics 8. Development of strategies for scaling up and out
  • 32. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes 1. Using methods 1. Testing packages 2. Identifying 2. Monitoring & learning actorsResearch 1. Analytical 1. Review paper and policy 1. Analysis of incentive systems andOutputs framework brief in aquaculture strategies for mobilising private 2. Tools and 2. Discussion paper on sector participation and provision metrics for strategies of BDS in VC development monitoring 3. Reflective analysis 2. Analysis of innovation strategies 4. Policy brief on sheep VC that make VC development pro- 5. Assessment of poor and pro-women environmental benefits 3. Lessons on process facilitation for 6. Analysis of adoption of mobilising collective action for VC eco-efficient systems innovation 7. Strategies for eco- 4. Analysis of strategies for policy efficient systems engagement for facilitating an 8. Strategies for scaling up enabling environment and policy and out framework for livestock VC development 5. A framework for scaling up and out innovation for VC development
  • 33. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Key PartnersOverall CRP 1.1, 1.2India BAIF (and others depending on locations chosen)Ethiopia ARARI, ??Mali ECOFIL (IER), CIRADTanzania Sokoine Univ of Agriculture, ASARECAVietnam ?Uganda Makerere Univ., VEDCO, Kamuzinda FarmEgypt ?Nicaragua ?Other Wageningen university, IDS
  • 34. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation Priorities for Resource Mobilization 2012 2013 2014Research 1. Using methods 1. Testing packagesOutputs 2. Identifying actors 2. Monitoring & learningPriorities 1. Funds for cross-project evaluation of innovation process, development offor new better metrics and guidelinesproposals 2. Source funding for work in Central America
  • 35. 2.3 Value Chain Innovation 2012 Priorities for Organisational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities Recruit:  1 additional post-doc (ILRI)  1 additional VC scientist, Egypt (WorldFish)  VC expert, Zambia (Uganda) (WorldFish) Restructure team to match CRP needs Identify and develop collaboration on innovation across 3.7 Centers Develop strategy to fit within the overall 3.7 communication strategy Develop a capacity building strategy on innovation for the CRP3.7 implementing staff and in target VCs based on a needs assessment Capacity building workshops for R&D partners in IAR4D and IP approaches, process and outcome monitoring Seek further integration of ILRI led work in Uganda and Viet Nam with CIAT led activities in SE Asia Workshop and report to establish and train appropriate methodologies for village-level data collection