Technological options on tryps and tsetse  management—Experiences from Ghibe Valley  Woudyalew Mulatu and Tadelle Dessie I...
<ul><li>ILRI has been conducting research on cattle trypanosomosis  to: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop, test and demonstrate ef...
Why research on trypanosomosis ? <ul><li>About 10 million sq.km of the continent is infested with tsetse flies (150,000 –2...
Tsetse born trypanosomosis
Tryps/Tsetse distribution
Effect of trypanosomosis Lowered traction power, birth, milk yield, debilitating and death of animal
Options to control tsetse/tryps
Cont…
Map showing ILRI-Ghibe research site 4-Zones ,  5-Woredas &  16-villages in the  Ghibe valley
Technologies tested in Ghibe
Community training &participation
<ul><li>Targets were effective but not sustainable (bushfire, theft etc.) </li></ul>  Results Targets were effective but n...
Results on pour-on use Pour-on was effective and sustainable, cost recovery charge imposed
Famers perception on pour-on
Certificate of Tryps/tsetse control cooperatives
<ul><li>A model for community-managed animal health service delivery, </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction  in the tsetse and trypa...
Cont… <ul><li>The demands for such services have grown up in and out side the area  </li></ul><ul><li>The Ghibe community ...
Trypanotolerant - EIAR and ILRI joint  project  <ul><ul><li>Project to study on the existence of local Trypanotolerant ani...
Results <ul><ul><li>The study has indicated that the Sheko has better trypanotolerance traits than the other three breeds ...
Evaluation of traction ability of Sheko cattle breed under natural challenge of trypanosomosis in the Ghibe valley, Ethiopia
 
 
 
CHARACTERIZATION OF ABIGAR (NUER) CATTLE BREED AT ITS PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENT IN GAMBELLA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA Nakachew...
<ul><li>Production and productivity level better than the Ghibe valley  </li></ul><ul><li>Abigar cattle breed </li></ul><u...
Characterization of Mursi Cattle Breed in Its Production Environment in Salamago Wereda, SNNP Regional State, Ethiopia Adv...
Mursi <ul><li>The Mursi cattle breed survives and produces in area where trypanosomosis is prevalent for a long period wit...
 
 
 
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Technological options on tryps and tsetse management - Experiences from Ghibe Valley

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Presented by Woudyalew Mulatu and Tadelle Dessie at the ILRI-EIAR-SLU Workshop on Sharing Research Results on Trypanotolerance in Indigenous Cattle Breeds and Experiences of Community Based Breed Improvement of Indigenous Sheep in Ethiopia—A Road Map for Implementation and Future R4D, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 15-16 November 2011.

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Technological options on tryps and tsetse management - Experiences from Ghibe Valley

  1. 1. Technological options on tryps and tsetse management—Experiences from Ghibe Valley Woudyalew Mulatu and Tadelle Dessie ILRI-EIAR-SLU Workshop on Sharing Research Results on Trypanotolerance in Indigenous Cattle Breeds and Experiences of Community Based Breed Improvement of Indigenous Sheep in Ethiopia—A Road Map for Implementation and Future R4D Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 15-16 November 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>ILRI has been conducting research on cattle trypanosomosis to: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop, test and demonstrate effective methods of managing tsetse flies and Trypanosomosis </li></ul><ul><li>Assess mechanisms for sustainable animal health service delivery geared towards tsetse/trypanosomosis control </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>To increase livestock/ agricultural production in tsetse/trypanosomosis infested areas through research. </li></ul>Background (1)
  3. 3. Why research on trypanosomosis ? <ul><li>About 10 million sq.km of the continent is infested with tsetse flies (150,000 –200,000sq. km in Ethiopia) </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers in these are unable to use animal power for cultivation. Plowing the land is mostly by hand hoe, increasing the risk of crop failure and famine, </li></ul><ul><li>Every year the continent loses over 1 billion US dollars to control the disease/vector, </li></ul><ul><li>Each year, African trypanosomosis kills over 3 million domestic animals , </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tsetse born trypanosomosis
  5. 5. Tryps/Tsetse distribution
  6. 6. Effect of trypanosomosis Lowered traction power, birth, milk yield, debilitating and death of animal
  7. 7. Options to control tsetse/tryps
  8. 8. Cont…
  9. 9. Map showing ILRI-Ghibe research site 4-Zones , 5-Woredas & 16-villages in the Ghibe valley
  10. 10. Technologies tested in Ghibe
  11. 11. Community training &participation
  12. 12. <ul><li>Targets were effective but not sustainable (bushfire, theft etc.) </li></ul> Results Targets were effective but not sustainable (bushfire, theft etc.) Results
  13. 13. Results on pour-on use Pour-on was effective and sustainable, cost recovery charge imposed
  14. 14. Famers perception on pour-on
  15. 15. Certificate of Tryps/tsetse control cooperatives
  16. 16. <ul><li>A model for community-managed animal health service delivery, </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in the tsetse and trypanosomosis burden following service cooperatives, </li></ul><ul><li>Increased capacity within the Ghibe community to manage animal health service delivery, </li></ul><ul><li>Increased understanding of the use of livestock as a way out of poverty, </li></ul><ul><li>Trust developed </li></ul><ul><li>Increased demand for drug supply </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers willingness to pay for the drug </li></ul>What are the outputs from participatory control ?
  17. 17. Cont… <ul><li>The demands for such services have grown up in and out side the area </li></ul><ul><li>The Ghibe community Service coop is no under funding threats, farmers use own resources. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Trypanotolerant - EIAR and ILRI joint project <ul><ul><li>Project to study on the existence of local Trypanotolerant animals in Ethiopia was initiated by EIAR and ILRI as a joint venture in 2000 ( Sheko, Nuer/Abigar, Horro, Gurage breeds) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Results <ul><ul><li>The study has indicated that the Sheko has better trypanotolerance traits than the other three breeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better control of anaemia (PCV values) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better control of infections-parasitaemia? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required the least trypanocidal treatment assistance per year than all other breeds (Table 1) (p<0.05) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffered less abortions and produced more calves than the rest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Horro breed had the highest survival rate mainly by tolerating PCV depression and responding better to treatment </li></ul>
  20. 20. Evaluation of traction ability of Sheko cattle breed under natural challenge of trypanosomosis in the Ghibe valley, Ethiopia
  21. 24. CHARACTERIZATION OF ABIGAR (NUER) CATTLE BREED AT ITS PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENT IN GAMBELLA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA Nakachew Minuye School of Graduate Studies Department of Animal & Range Sciences Advisors: Girma Abebe (PhD) Tadelle Dessie (PhD) January 2010
  22. 25. <ul><li>Production and productivity level better than the Ghibe valley </li></ul><ul><li>Abigar cattle breed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>good milk yield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very docile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well adapted to the env’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardy in response to stress factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderately trypanotolerant </li></ul></ul>
  23. 26. Characterization of Mursi Cattle Breed in Its Production Environment in Salamago Wereda, SNNP Regional State, Ethiopia Advisors: Dr. Tadelle Dessie Dr. Aynalem Haile Dr. Woudyalew Mulatu September 2010 BY: Endashaw Terefe
  24. 27. Mursi <ul><li>The Mursi cattle breed survives and produces in area where trypanosomosis is prevalent for a long period with low or absent any prevention or control means </li></ul><ul><li>The trypanotolerant ability of the breed has to be studied/confirmed using phenotypic as well appropriate molecular techniques </li></ul>
  25. 31. Thank you .

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