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Tanzania dairy value chain development: Pre site selection scoping study

Tanzania dairy value chain development: Pre site selection scoping study



Presented by Ben Lukuyu, Amos Omore, Brigitte Maass, Gasper A. Msimbe and Julius Bwire at the MilkIT Project inception meeting, Tanga, Tanzania, 24-25 April 2012

Presented by Ben Lukuyu, Amos Omore, Brigitte Maass, Gasper A. Msimbe and Julius Bwire at the MilkIT Project inception meeting, Tanga, Tanzania, 24-25 April 2012



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    Tanzania dairy value chain development: Pre site selection scoping study Tanzania dairy value chain development: Pre site selection scoping study Presentation Transcript

    • Tanzania dairy value chain development: Pre site selection scoping studyBen Lukuyu1, Amos Omore1, Brigitte Maass2,Gasper A. Msimbe3 and Julius Bwire41 - International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)2 – International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)3 – Tanzania Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development4 - Tanzania Livestock Research Institute, Tanga (TALIRI) MilkIT Project Inception Meeting, Tanga, Tanzania, 24-25 April 2012
    • Objectives & Study sites ‘Ground truthing’ a site Sites visited evaluation with more  Morogoro region localized criteria (that ◦ Kilombero district cannot be represented ◦ Kilosa district in GIS) ◦ Mvomero ditrict Obtaining site level data and literature  Tanga region potential sites ◦ Handeni district ◦ Lushoto district Took the opportunity to sensitize district ◦ Muheza district (to be done) livestock staff about engagement in the dairy value chain work through the Irish and Milk IT projects.
    • How scoping study was conductedVisits to regions and district livestock Farm visits to talk to farmersofficers, discussions to learn about the dairyVC Guiding criteria Obtain  Rural production to biophysical, rural consumption livestock,  Rural production to human urban consumption population data (>50,000 persons) and district profiles where Visits to milk collection centres where available applicable to learn about milk collection
    • Kilombero district (1) It mostly a wet land with  The district has 70,000 high rainfall (1200-1600 people in 15,000 HHs mm/year), evergreen  The main town (Mangula) throughout the year, with has a population of about no seasonal effects and no 15,000 people mainly feed shortages reported Tanzania immigrants ( 20% Sugar cane growing area of the total district with a big river crossing population) through the district  The total cattle population It is sitting at the foot of the is 42,176 out of which 4% Udzungu mountains and is (1,810) is improved dairy largely forested area. kept by about 150 HHs. The TAZARA national  The majority of the 40,366 railway line passes through indigenous cattle are the district reared in a ranch system.  Average cattle size for smallholders is 1-4 cattle per HH
    • Kilombero district (2) Average milk production:  Milk sold mainly in the ◦ Indigenous cows , 2-5 two local towns including litres per day Mangula ◦ Improved cross breds, 6-8  No NGO is currently litres per day (no involved in dairy supplementation) development. Previously Most local tribes have no Irish Aid, HPI and culture of consuming Caritas between 2000 milk but town like and 2004 Mangula are dominated by immigrants who consume milk increasing market opportunities. There are no existing farmer groups
    • Kilosa district (1) Comprises 5 divisions- And now its time for a 3 hours puncture fix! Kilosa, Kimamba and Magole lie in the lowlands; Mikumi lies in the midlands while Gairo lies in the upper highlands. Kilosa formerly dominated by sisal plantations
    • Kilosa district (2) Was formerly dominated by  The district has 626,618 the sisal plantations until people the collapse of the industry when cattle keepers  Kilosa town has a population became inhabitants of about 33, 450 people ( 5% of the total district population) Initiated investments in dairy was done by Irish Aid  The total cattle population is through Kilosa Dairy farm 215,100 out of which 1% (2,405) is improved dairy. Area mainly inhabited by the Sangara tribe who have  The majority of the 210,627 a poor milk drinking culture. indigenous cattle are kept by However, other tribes with agro pastoralists. a strong milk drinking  Average cattle size for culture are Masai, Sukuma sedentary smallholders is 2-3 Barbeji (Mang’ati) and cattle per HH Wakaguru.  Seasonality effects is a major constraint often leading to tribal conflicts over pasture and water
    • Kilosa district (3) Average milk production:  There are no active groups ◦ Indigenous cows , 2-3 litres per existing day  Milk marketing outlets ◦ Improved cross breds, 5-8 ◦ Tanga fresh takes milk litres per day for cooling and Three main milk traders eventually sold to the Dar es Salaam and other are involved in milk distant markets marketing in the area ◦ Shambani and DESA (DESA milk, Tanga fresh milk – sends fresh milk Dairy and Shambani to the nearby Morogoro milk). urban market The have established ◦ Milk is also locally (towns and rural areas) milk collection and traded by motorcycle selling points in the main and bicycle informal towns – Mamba, Dumila, traders Gairo and Mikumi
    • Mvomero district (1) It is a newly created district  Livestock keepers comprises four divisions generally own large herds (Turaini, Mvomero, Mlali of cattle and Mgeta)  Average milk production is The total cattle population about 5 litres per cow per is 187,350 out of which 5% day (9,314) is improved dairy.  Milk is mainly sold to the The majority of the nearby Morogoro urban 178,036 indigenous cattle town by private milk traders are kept by agro pastoralists. Seasonality effects is a major constraint leading to long travel distances in search of feed and water. Flooding is a major constraint during the wet season – reducing grazing areas
    • FindingsTANGA REGION
    • LushotoHandeni
    • Handeni district (1) Area mainly inhabited by the  Tanga fresh dairy is the only Masai, Mbulus, Barbeig milk trader owning a milk (Mangati) and Singwazi. collection centre in Handeni The total cattle population is 126,780 out of which 1% ◦ Ministry of livestock helped (1,045) is improved dairy. mobilize farmers to register and The majority of the 124,735 deliver milk to the collection indigenous cattle are kept by centre agro pastoralists. ◦ There are no formal groups Average cattle size for existing (farmers deliver milk as sedentary smallholders is 4-5 individuals or informal organized cattle per HH cells (pooling of milk for delivery and payment) Seasonality effects are a major constraint often leading ◦ Farmer paid twice a month to feed and water shortages ◦ Evening milk is not collected. Area dominated by natural Farmers either sell it locally, give grazing and virtually no other to calves or consume. alternative feed resources. ◦ Have informally organized to access credit facilities from a neighborng private agrovet shop for animal health services against milk supplied.
    • Handeni milk collection Centre in the back ground (owned by Tanga fresh dairy)Privately owned Handeni Veterinary Centre in the fore front(provides credit against milk supplied to registered members of themilk collection centre)
    • Lushoto district (1) Situated in the northern  There are 119,492 cattle of part of Tanga which 24% (29,200) are The district lies on the foot improved cattle. Improve of the western Usambara cattle most found in the mountains rising from 300 highlands while indigenous – 2100m above sea level in the lowlands The lowland covers 25% of  The average cattle per district household in the highlands is 2-3 and >10 in the The estimated population lowlands of Lushoto is 437, 037 people.  The common feeds are crops residues, Napier It has bi modal type of grass, Guatemala grass, rainfall (800-2000mm per cut grass and grazing in annum) the lowlands  AI is being introduced in the highlands
    • Lushoto district (2) Milk is sold to Tanga  There are three fresh Ltd. (75%) livestock keepers through the existing 4 networks milk collection centres (Mviwambuso, ◦ Luchoto (1990) Viwatalu and Uwalu) ◦ Shume (1990) present. They draw ◦ Mwangoi (2007) membership from ◦ Mbumburi (2009) farmer groups 25% of the rest of the  There are three milk milk is sold locally processing farms – into cheese and butter Local milk prices are ◦ Irente farm Tsh. 800 vs. Tsh. 480 at collection centres ◦ Montessori sisters (Tanga Fresh) ◦ Kifongiru sisters
    • OTHER INITIATIVES IN THEAREA• Tanga Dairy Development Project• Highlands Initiative (AHI) coordinated by ICRAF• Soil erosion control and agro forestry project (SECAP)• Land O’ Lakes (just beginning)
    • Synthesis (1) Feeding systems Average milk (proportion of prices per litres farmers using) (Tsh.) Existence ofDistrict Zero/se groups Grazin Collection Local migrazin g (%) centres market g (%)Kilombero 10 90 - 800 NoneKilosa 10 90 480 800 FewMvomero 10 90 - 700 Few InformalHandeni - 100 530* 800 (very few)Lushoto 25 75 500 700-800 Many * - Price offered by middlemen
    • Synthesis (2) Link to Potential Cattle population Rural toDistrict urban to improve rural Indigenous Improved markets feedKilombero +++ + + 40,489 1,689 (4%)Kilosa ++ ++ ++ 215,100 2,405 (1%)Mvomero + +++ ++ 187,350 9,314 (5%)Handeni +++ + ++ 126,780 1,045 (1%) 29,200Lushoto + +++ +++ 119,492 (24% + - Low ++ - Medium +++ - High
    • Synthesis (3) Cross-cutting issues ◦ Seasonality of feed and milk production ◦ Generally low production/cow ◦ Neither cultivation of fodders nor any conservation ◦ Very little milk processing performed ◦ Very low proportion of improved dairy cattle Morogoro  Tanga ◦ Some tribes no habit of milk ◦ Pastoralists keep high no. consumption of cattle heads ◦ Some districts may offer ◦ Tanga Fresh Ltd. has huge potential for future monopoly of milk development of both processing  low prices production & consumption ◦ Some organization of producers already occurring in some area
    • Synthesis (4) Fit to guiding criteria: Rural production to rural consumption: o Morogoro: Kilosa, oTanga: Handeni Rural production to urban (>50,000 persons) consumption : oMorogoro: Mvomero; oTanga: Lushoto and Muheza (to be visited)Kilombero in Morogoro appears unsuitable due to relativelylow cattle population and dominant culture of no milkconsumption
    • The end… Thank you. An Interview session Lushoto highlandsA zero grazing system in Kilombero The end of the road…an engine knock