Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems to improve food security and farm income diversification in the Ethi...
Context• USAID Feed the Future – to end  hunger and food insecurity   – 3 multi-stakeholder agricultural     research proj...
Sustainable intensification in the         Ethiopian Highlands• Planning meeting October 2011• Core team for concept note:...
Project overview: Key messages• Significant numbers of poor small holders in crop  livestock systems in Ethiopian Highland...
“Sustainable intensification”• Complex, multidimensional....• So:  – What are our advantages?  – Where should we focus?  –...
60 million people dependent on  ...mixed crop   livestock ...
• 60 million people....  – Who depend on producing, managing, processing,    selling, consuming crop and animal products.....
Livelihoods are complex, dependent on animal and   crop production based on land and water   resources, with emerging mark...
Various crops – grains (or tubers) for consumption, for market, and residues   for animal feed, soilfertility, constructio...
Animals are a keyand integral part of the farming  system with multiple roles
Animals...................Crops        Traction     Crop residues        Manure    Sales for inputs
Market        Grain                                 Meat,                                 milk                Residue     ...
Soil        Crops                         Animals                        Water                 SoilCrops                  ...
SoilCrops           Animals        Water
SoilCrops           Animals        Water
Adding together – focus on    intersection of crop and livestock               enterprises                                ...
connecting:Separate research on crops, animals      and natural resourcesResearch and development efforts
Knowledge ManagementInputs and                Soil                                                                    Cons...
AU/NEPAD                                              ASARECA         CAADP         AGP             SLM                LGP...
ConnectingInputs and                Soil                      Production Animals   Processing                             ...
HypothesesPathway:• That the potential trajectory for intensification – and therefore solutions to   enhance sustainable i...
Project overview: Key messages• Significant numbers of poor small holders in crop  livestock systems in Ethiopian Highland...
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Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems to improve food security and farm income diversification in the Ethiopian highlands: Project Design Workshop—Project Outline and concepts

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Presented by Shirley Tarawali at the Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems to improve food security and farm income diversification in the Ethiopian highlands: Project Design Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 30 January-2 February 2012.

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  • In addressing these questions, need to consider how the farming systems operate, what are the challenges and how best to engage.... For maximum synergy!
  • Begin by looking at the complexities at production level
  • Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems to improve food security and farm income diversification in the Ethiopian highlands: Project Design Workshop—Project Outline and concepts

    1. 1. Sustainable intensification of crop-livestock systems to improve food security and farm income diversification in the Ethiopian highlands: Project Design Workshop Project Outline and Concepts Shirley Tarawali Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 30 January-2 February 2012
    2. 2. Context• USAID Feed the Future – to end hunger and food insecurity – 3 multi-stakeholder agricultural research projects – Sustainable intensification of key farming systems – Catalyse and promote synergies; Sudano – Ethiopian Sahelian Highland leverage opportunities with s research and development action = alignment • Comprehensive Africa Agricultural East and Southern Africa Cereal Mixed Development Programme (CAADP) in Ethiopia • Major agricultural development programmes • National and CGIAR research efforts
    3. 3. Sustainable intensification in the Ethiopian Highlands• Planning meeting October 2011• Core team for concept note: ILRI, EIAR, ICARDA, CIMMYT, ICRISAT, IFPRI, IWMI, USAID• Shared on line (blog) and comments received• Project design workshop: – Explore opportunities for alignment – Input into project content – Detailed planning and next steps for implementation
    4. 4. Project overview: Key messages• Significant numbers of poor small holders in crop livestock systems in Ethiopian Highlands• Livelihoods are complex, dependent on animal and crop production based on land and water resources, with emerging market opportunities• Overall the project aims to make the whole greater than the sum of the parts in two ways – by connecting: – Separate research on crops, animals, natural resources and markets – Research and development efforts
    5. 5. “Sustainable intensification”• Complex, multidimensional....• So: – What are our advantages? – Where should we focus? – How should we interact with other research and development programmes? – How to empower others to respond to dynamic and changing situations? – How to ensure sustainability beyond project life?
    6. 6. 60 million people dependent on ...mixed crop livestock ...
    7. 7. • 60 million people.... – Who depend on producing, managing, processing, selling, consuming crop and animal products...... – Cereals, legumes, tubers, milk, meat, hides, traction, manure .....• For producers – small holder farm households: Soil Crops Animals Water
    8. 8. Livelihoods are complex, dependent on animal and crop production based on land and water resources, with emerging market opportunities
    9. 9. Various crops – grains (or tubers) for consumption, for market, and residues for animal feed, soilfertility, construction, fuel
    10. 10. Animals are a keyand integral part of the farming system with multiple roles
    11. 11. Animals...................Crops Traction Crop residues Manure Sales for inputs
    12. 12. Market Grain Meat, milk Residue s Manure SoilCrops Traction Animals Water
    13. 13. Soil Crops Animals Water SoilCrops Animals Water
    14. 14. SoilCrops Animals Water
    15. 15. SoilCrops Animals Water
    16. 16. Adding together – focus on intersection of crop and livestock enterprises Combining feeds (breed, health and delivery)“dual purpose”:•Cereals•Legumes SoilCrop mixtures Crops AnimalsUse of inputs Water Combining manure and fertilizer Water management
    17. 17. connecting:Separate research on crops, animals and natural resourcesResearch and development efforts
    18. 18. Knowledge ManagementInputs and Soil Consumer Production Animals Processing Marketing services Crops Water Capacity development
    19. 19. AU/NEPAD ASARECA CAADP AGP SLM LGPInputs and Soil Production Animals Processing Marketing services Crops Water USAID VCs CRPs Markets; Major development projects Enabling policies......
    20. 20. ConnectingInputs and Soil Production Animals Processing Pathways Marketing services Crops Water Adding technologies Trade-offs
    21. 21. HypothesesPathway:• That the potential trajectory for intensification – and therefore solutions to enhance sustainable intensification of smallholder crop livestock systems will vary depending on the initial level of intensification in the farming system, and the level of capital assets among farm households, which will also reflect the market opportunities for specific crop and livestock commodities and as well as institutional and policy environmentsAdding technologies together:• There are real opportunities to improve productivity and environmental management through applying, combining and improving existing technological interventionsTrade offs:• Evaluation of trade offs between different combinations of interventions will further enhance targeting and ensure diverse livelihood dimensions, including opportunities for women are balancedConnecting:• Institutional innovations and options that build and enhance social capital – bonding, bridging and linking relationships are crucial to leverage growth opportunities and improve farmers’ access to knowledge, inputs, credit and services and thus, market participation as well as potentially influencing the enabling policy environment
    22. 22. Project overview: Key messages• Significant numbers of poor small holders in crop livestock systems in Ethiopian Highlands• Livelihoods are complex, dependent on animal and crop production based on land and water resources, with emerging market opportunities• Overall the project aims to make the whole greater than the sum of the parts in two ways – by connecting: • Separate research on crops, animals, natural resources and markets • Research and development efforts

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