Results from VCA descriptive analysesEmily Ouma“Workshop: In-depth smallholder pig value chain assessment and preliminaryi...
 Description of livestock productionsystems in Uganda. Land tenure systems. Pig keeping objectives. Pig production typ...
Source: Robinson, et al., 2011. Global livestock production systems , FAOBanana-basedTubers-based,largely cassava andsweet...
 Small farms - limited land resource typically:◦ Masaka (50ft x 100ft plots); Mukono (0.5 acres); Kamuli (0.5 – 4acres/hh...
 Customary. Freehold (titled). “Mailo” tenure. “Bibanja” holders. Leasehold. Trust land.
0510152025303540Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecIndexofrainfallRainfall pattern, Masaka districtKaboneraKat...
020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-Ssen...
Average rank (1=highest)Objective Men WomenIncome from piglet/pigs sales 1.3 1.2Income from pig meat sales 2.0 N/ASource o...
Objective Indicators of successIncome from piglet/pigssalesAbility to pay school fees.Purchase of land and farm expansion....
020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-Ssen...
Breeders Growers BothRural-rural 26 38 38Rural-urban 20 28 52Urban-urban 24 37 39
Rural-ruralRural-urbanUrban-urbanIntensive(confined)11 14 90Semi-intensive(mixed confined+free-range)83 43 0Extensive(teth...
Raised wooden floorSimple walling and roofingmaterialConcrete floorSloping floorBrick wallsIron sheet roofing
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-Butego...
Breeds Landrace Large-white Cross-breeds (local x improved) Mixed breeds (undefined) LocalOrganizations supporting br...
0510152025303540KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-...
0102030405060708090KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyen...
0510152025303540KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-...
0102030405060708090KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyen...
 Pig production – occurs within the overall mixed cropand livestock systems. Main objective of pig keeping – income◦ Sch...
Smallholder pig production systems in Uganda: Results from VCA descriptive analyses
Smallholder pig production systems in Uganda: Results from VCA descriptive analyses
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Smallholder pig production systems in Uganda: Results from VCA descriptive analyses

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Presented by Emily Ouma at the Workshop on In-depth smallholder pig value chain assessment and preliminary identification of best-bet interventions, Kampala, 9-11 April 2013

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  • 1. Largely mixed rain fed systems - mostly rain fed cropping combined with livestock.2. To the North, we get the rangeland based systems – minimal cropping, often corresponding to pastoral systems.
  • Customary – based on customary regulations – depends on ethnicity.Mailo – Introduced in 1900 as a result of the Buganda agreement. Land is divided between the Kabaka and other notables. Basic unit of sub-division square miles. Security of tenure – certificate of title. Absentee landlordism – encouraged squatters on mailo land. In order for the sqyuatters to have some land use rights on these fields, they pay rent of not more than 1,000UGX per year.
  • 1. Talk a bit about the 2 different categories – breeders and growers.2. Generally, fewer farmers are breeders only – possibly due to limited market opportunities (exceptions are in Bugulumbya –R-R and Katwe-Butego-UU)
  • More intensive production system in UU – regulations governing urban farming and land constraints.Varying levels of investments in the intensive systems. E.g. housing.
  • 1. No. of sows including replacement females for farmers who produces piglets for sale.2. Smallholders-2;mediumholders – 4; largeholders-8
  • 1. Smallholders-2.3; medium-holders – 5; largeholders-14
  • Smallholder pig production systems in Uganda: Results from VCA descriptive analyses

    1. 1. Results from VCA descriptive analysesEmily Ouma“Workshop: In-depth smallholder pig value chain assessment and preliminaryidentification of best-bet interventions, Kampala, 9-11 April 2013”
    2. 2.  Description of livestock productionsystems in Uganda. Land tenure systems. Pig keeping objectives. Pig production types. Production system types and breeds. Production scale definitions – small,medium, large.
    3. 3. Source: Robinson, et al., 2011. Global livestock production systems , FAOBanana-basedTubers-based,largely cassava andsweet potatoes+ maize and beans+coffee, cassava, maize and beans
    4. 4.  Small farms - limited land resource typically:◦ Masaka (50ft x 100ft plots); Mukono (0.5 acres); Kamuli (0.5 – 4acres/hh). Mixed cropping systems (banana x coffee; maize x beans xcassava), though mono-cropping also practiced – e.g. sweetpotatoes. Livestock types kept: cattle, shoats, pigs, poultry.
    5. 5.  Customary. Freehold (titled). “Mailo” tenure. “Bibanja” holders. Leasehold. Trust land.
    6. 6. 0510152025303540Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecIndexofrainfallRainfall pattern, Masaka districtKaboneraKatwe ButegoKimanya KyabakuzaKkingoKyanamukakaNyendo SenyangeBi-modal rainfall patternLong rains: March-MayShort rains: Sept-Nov0510152025Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecIndexofrainfallRainfall pattern, Kamuli and Mukono districtsBugulumbyaNamwendwaKitayunjwaGomaKyampisiNtenjeru
    7. 7. 020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaProportionofrespondents(%)Cattle Goats Poultry RabbitCattle keeping common in R-R and R-U:48% of hh compared to only 24% in U-UGoats: 38%-48% compared to 9% in U-UPoultry: common in all VC
    8. 8. Average rank (1=highest)Objective Men WomenIncome from piglet/pigs sales 1.3 1.2Income from pig meat sales 2.0 N/ASource of wealth 2.3 2.3Manure production 2.3 2.3Disposal of waste 3.0 3.0Nutrition/food security 2.5 2.8Occupation 2.3 2.6Main objective: income and soil fertility management.No significant difference between men and women.
    9. 9. Objective Indicators of successIncome from piglet/pigssalesAbility to pay school fees.Purchase of land and farm expansion.Ability to pay off debts.Able to meet medication costs, buy good clothing for family.Manure production Improved soil fertility - high crop yield due to manureapplication.Harvest bigger bunches of “matooke”.Biogas for household use.Source of asset/wealth Construction of better family housing (roofing/wall material).Purchase of plots of land.Purchase other livestock (cattle).General home development.Nutrition/food security Meat for home consumption.Increased quantity of pork consumption.
    10. 10. 020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaProportionofrespondents(%)Breeders Growers Breeders/growers
    11. 11. Breeders Growers BothRural-rural 26 38 38Rural-urban 20 28 52Urban-urban 24 37 39
    12. 12. Rural-ruralRural-urbanUrban-urbanIntensive(confined)11 14 90Semi-intensive(mixed confined+free-range)83 43 0Extensive(tethered, free-range)6 43 10% of respondents, by value chain domain type
    13. 13. Raised wooden floorSimple walling and roofingmaterialConcrete floorSloping floorBrick wallsIron sheet roofing
    14. 14. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukono TCGomaRural-ruralRural-urbanUrban-urbanLocalImprovedBreed type: differences evident by VC domain.Linked to production system type.Various institutions promoting breed change.
    15. 15. Breeds Landrace Large-white Cross-breeds (local x improved) Mixed breeds (undefined) LocalOrganizations supporting breedchange Masaka - NAADS, WorldVision, MADDO. Kamuli - VEDCO, NAADS. Mukono – NAADS, CARITAS.
    16. 16. 0510152025303540KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaMeanno.ofsows(includingreplacementfemales)Smallholder Mediumholder LargeholderSmallholder mean no. ofsowsRural-Rural: 1.6Rural-Urban: 2.2Urban-Urban:1.5
    17. 17. 0102030405060708090KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaRural-rural Rural-urban Urban-urban%ofhouseholdsSmallholder Mediumholder LargeholderSmallholder Medium-holder Large-holderRural-rural 58 28 11Rural-urban 58 27 10Urban-urban 65 27 8
    18. 18. 0510152025303540KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaMeanno.ofpigsownedforslaughteringSmallholder Mediumholder LargeholderMean no. of pigs-smallholderRural-Rural: 2.3Rural-Urban: 2.6Urban-Urban: 2.1
    19. 19. 0102030405060708090KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGoma%ofhouseholdsSmallholder Mediumholder LargeholderSmallholder Medium-holder Large-holderRural-rural 53 28 16Rural-urban 63 24 13Urban-urban 65 23 12
    20. 20.  Pig production – occurs within the overall mixed cropand livestock systems. Main objective of pig keeping – income◦ School fees payment◦ Meet other expenditures and investments on farm Most of the pig keepers are smallholders;◦ Breeders: 60-65%◦ Growers: 50-65% Smallholder definition◦ Breeders: 1-2 sows (including replacement females)◦ Growers: 2-3 grown pigs Production system types◦ Varies by value chain domain. Institutions promoting breed change.

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