Results from V CA d escriptive a n alyses o f t h e U g andans mallholder p igs v a lue c h ainPeter Lule and Emily Ouma“W...
 Marketing outlets for pigs and piglets, bygender. Producer pricesGrown pigsPiglets Output price variation patterns....
Piglets – local within the neighbor-hood.Grown pigs - 4 major outlets.neighborhood butcher,butcher in another town,tr...
020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-Ssen...
020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-Ssen...
Value chaindomainAverage prices, by sales outlet typeButcher inother townDirect toconsumersNeighborhoodbutcherTradersRural...
Value chain domain Average priceRural-rural25528Rural-urban33250Urban-urban36667PIGLET PRICES
High price offers Low price offersMukono districtJune – Celebration of martyrs’ day inNamugongo.April and December - Due t...
ValuechaindomainSub-countySource of extension services (% of respondents)NAADS NGO Other farmers AHSPMen Women Men Women M...
ValuechaindomainSub-countySource of extension services (% of respondents)NAADS NGO Other farmers AHSPMen Women Men Women M...
Value chaindomainSub-countySource of Credit (% of respondents)SACCO MFI Banksvillage womengroups groupsMen Women Men Women...
PROVISION OF ANIMAL HEALTH SERVICES020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKiman...
Item unit Rural-Rural Rural-Urban Urban-urbanDewormer Tablet 1000 910Multi-vitamin Injection 1500 1500 2214Breeding Servic...
VALUE CHAIN MAPSMALLHOLDER PRODUCERPRIVATE-AHSPGOVERNMENT-AHSPANIMAL BASEDDRUG SHOPSVILLAGE BOARBANKSKNOWLEDGABLEFARMERSFE...
CONSTRAINTS ASSOCIATED WITH INPUTSAND SERVICES0102030405060708090100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeru...
SPECIFIC INPUT/SERVICE CONSTRAINTSInput type Constraint No. ofrespondentsreportingRespondentsreporting/total(%)Animal heal...
CONSTRAINTS ON USE OF BETTER QUALITYINPUTSValue chaindomainSub-county Constraints on use of better quality inputs(% of res...
CONSTRAINTS ON PRODUCT SALES0102030405060708090100Credit sales -not honouredHighproductionandmarketingcostsLack ofmarketin...
CONSTRAINTS TO OBTAINING BETTEROUTPUT PRICESValue chain domain Sub-county Constraints to achieving better output price(% o...
The common output channels are the localbutcheries.Where women are organized in groups theyhave access to inputs and pri...
 Inputs are generally expensive, of poor quality and not easilyaccessible in R-R domain Low output prices. Lack of know...
Value chain mapping: Results from VCA descriptive analyses of the Uganda’s smallholder pigs value chain
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Value chain mapping: Results from VCA descriptive analyses of the Uganda’s smallholder pigs value chain

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Presented by Peter Lule and Emily Ouma at the Workshop on In-depth smallholder pig value chain assessment and preliminary identification of best-bet interventions, Kampala, 9-11 April 2013

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  • Village groups were found in Mukono and women gropus were found in masaka, generally pig farmers don’t access a lot of credit, R-r there is no
  • Men accessed animal health services than women except in the case of kimanya and katwe, the general trend was that the private AHSP were sourced more than the governmentexcept in bugulumbya were they only used the government ahsp
  • Women in Mukono could access feeds form brewries in jinja,
  • The common constraints on inputs and services in the rural-rural value chain domain were their availability (up to 70% of the respondents) and high cost (up to 90% of respondents). In the rural-urban and urban-urban value chains, poor quality of the inputs was mentioned by a relatively high number of respondents, although in Ntenjeru sub-county (rural-rural value chain) over 70% of respondents also indicated this constraint.
  • Lack of knowledge on better quality inputs was indicated by a relatively high proportion of farmers in the rural-rural and rural-urban value chains (up to 30%). Some of the specific issues included lack of knowledge on feed mixing to achieve good quality feeds and poor knowledge on quality standards for most inputs though they knew that some of the inputs were not effective.
  • General: Low bargaining power and lack of market information.R-R and RU: Lack of capacity to estimate pig live-weight.R-R and R-U: Poor quality pigs.-
  • Value chain mapping: Results from VCA descriptive analyses of the Uganda’s smallholder pigs value chain

    1. 1. Results from V CA d escriptive a n alyses o f t h e U g andans mallholder p igs v a lue c h ainPeter Lule and Emily Ouma“Workshop: In-depth smallholder pig value chain assessmentand preliminary identification of best -bet interventions,Kampala, 9-11 April 2013”VALUE CHAIN MAPPING
    2. 2.  Marketing outlets for pigs and piglets, bygender. Producer pricesGrown pigsPiglets Output price variation patterns. Channels for inputs and services Value chain map ConstraintsOUTLINE
    3. 3. Piglets – local within the neighbor-hood.Grown pigs - 4 major outlets.neighborhood butcher,butcher in another town,tradersDirect sales to consumers.MARKETING OUTLETS FOR SMALLHOLDER PIGFARMERS
    4. 4. 020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaProportionofproducers(%)Direct to consumers Neighbourhood butcherButcher in another town TraderMARKETING CHANNELS FOR GROWN PIGS –MEN GROUP
    5. 5. 020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaRural-rural Rural-urban Urban-urbanProportionofproducers(%)Direct to consumers Neighbourhood butcher Butcher in another town TraderMARKETING CHANNELS FOR GROWN PIGS –WOMEN GROUP
    6. 6. Value chaindomainAverage prices, by sales outlet typeButcher inother townDirect toconsumersNeighborhoodbutcherTradersRural-rural 5129 4667 3633 4903Rural-urban 4283 - 4829 5742Urban-urban 5200 5750 5144 5996GROWN PIGS PRICES
    7. 7. Value chain domain Average priceRural-rural25528Rural-urban33250Urban-urban36667PIGLET PRICES
    8. 8. High price offers Low price offersMukono districtJune – Celebration of martyrs’ day inNamugongo.April and December - Due to festiveseasonsJuly – Mortality lossesMukono districtJan-Feb, May-Aug: - school feesMasaka districtJuly and Aug –coffee seasonMasaka districtJan and Aug: - school feesKamuli districtJuly-Oct – agricultural produce seasonApril and Dec – Due to festive seasonsKamuli districtJan-March - school feesGROWN PIGS PRICE VARIATIONS
    9. 9. ValuechaindomainSub-countySource of extension services (% of respondents)NAADS NGO Other farmers AHSPMen Women Men Women Men Women Men WomenRural-rural Kkingo 13 21 0 0 0 0 0 0Kyanamukaka 50 11 0 0 38 21 0 0Kitayunjwa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0Namwendwa 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 0Bugulumbya 14 4 19 12 0 0 0 0Ntenjeru 10 10 0 0 6 0 0 0EXTENSION SERVICE PROVISION: R-R
    10. 10. ValuechaindomainSub-countySource of extension services (% of respondents)NAADS NGO Other farmers AHSPMen Women Men Women Men Women Men WomenRural-urban Kabonera 20 5 15 13 0 0 0 0Kyampisi 12 5 12 38 18 10 15 5Urban-urbanKimanya-Kyabakuza 25 15 0 0 25 50 0 0Katwe-Butego 33 43 33 57 67 43 0 0Nyendo-Ssenyange 40 25 0 0 0 0 40 21Mukono TC 7 28 0 11 0 0 0 0Goma 33 25 0 0 25 13 50 38EXTENSION SERVICE PROVISION:R-U AND U-U
    11. 11. Value chaindomainSub-countySource of Credit (% of respondents)SACCO MFI Banksvillage womengroups groupsMen Women Men Women Men Women Men Women womenRural-ruralKkingo 25 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0Kyanamukaka 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 16Kitayunjwa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0Namwendwa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0Bugulumbya 21 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0Ntenjeru 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 5 0Rural-urbanKabonera 0 5 0 5 0 0 0 0 0Kyampisi 9 7 13 5 12 5 9 12 0Urban-urbanKimanya-Kyabakuza0 0 8 13 25 30 0 0 0Katwe-Butego 17 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0Nyendo-Ssenyange40 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 29Mukono TC 0 0 14 44 0 0 0 0 0Goma 17 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0ACCESS TO CREDIT
    12. 12. PROVISION OF ANIMAL HEALTH SERVICES020406080100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaProportionofhouseholds(%)AHSP- Government_men AHSP- Government_womenAHSP- private_men AHSP- private_women
    13. 13. Item unit Rural-Rural Rural-Urban Urban-urbanDewormer Tablet 1000 910Multi-vitamin Injection 1500 1500 2214Breeding Service 22143 18571 30833Maize bran Kg 368 400 383Mixed feeds Kg 1111 1150 898AVERAGE INDICATIVE PRICES FORINPUTS
    14. 14. VALUE CHAIN MAPSMALLHOLDER PRODUCERPRIVATE-AHSPGOVERNMENT-AHSPANIMAL BASEDDRUG SHOPSVILLAGE BOARBANKSKNOWLEDGABLEFARMERSFEED MILLERSFEED SHOPSNEIGHBOURHOOD BUTCHER(pork, live pigs)TRADER (live pigs)NAADSMFIBUTCHER INOTHER TOWN(pork)WHOLESALERFEEDSPIGLETSFROMNEIGHBOURSABBATOIR (pork)PROCESSOR (pork,sausages and bacon)SUPERMARKETS/HOTELSPORK JOINTS(pork)CONSUMERSSACCOSNGOTreatment, diagnosis, prevention, drugsBreeding, replacement pigsCredit Mixed feeds,maize branExtensionservicesBulkingWholesaling/slaughteringRetailing
    15. 15. CONSTRAINTS ASSOCIATED WITH INPUTSAND SERVICES0102030405060708090100KkingoKyanamukakaKitayunjwaNamwendwaBugulumbyaNtenjeruKaboneraKyampisiKimanya-KyabakuzaKatwe-ButegoNyendo-SsenyangeMukonoTCGomaRural-rural Rural-urban Urban-urban%ofrespondentsExpensive Poor quality Price fluctuationNot easily available Lack of information on use Lack of financial resources
    16. 16. SPECIFIC INPUT/SERVICE CONSTRAINTSInput type Constraint No. ofrespondentsreportingRespondentsreporting/total(%)Animal health products Counterfeit products 20 6Knowledge on how touse72Unavailability of products 7 2Price fluctuations 5 2Credit facilities Lack of information oncredit facilities15 5High interest rates onloans24 8Extension Poor access to extensionservice (fewextensionists)155Feeds Expensive 77 25Poor quality 51 16
    17. 17. CONSTRAINTS ON USE OF BETTER QUALITYINPUTSValue chaindomainSub-county Constraints on use of better quality inputs(% of respondents)nLack ofknowledgeLimitedfinancesNo outletssellingqualityinputsSaving oncostsRural-rural Kkingo 0 5 27 16 27Kyanamukaka 11 8 0 0 27Kitayunjwa 11 9 0 0 19Namwendwa 0 8 16 0 18Bugulumbya 30 18 34 0 39Ntenjeru 0 13 0 24 37Rural-urban Kabonera 15 11 0 0 29Kyampisi 7 13 0 29 38Urban-urban Kimanya-Kyabakuza 15 3 0 3214Katwe-Butego 0 6 0 0 13Nyendo-Ssenyange 11 0 0 019Mukono TC 0 4 11 0 16Goma 0 2 13 0 16
    18. 18. CONSTRAINTS ON PRODUCT SALES0102030405060708090100Credit sales -not honouredHighproductionandmarketingcostsLack ofmarketinformationLimitedmarketLiveweightpigestimationLow prices No properlinkagebetweenbuyers andsellersNon-standardpricing forpigsPoor qualityanimalsPricefluctuationTheft%ofrespondentsConstraintsn=16 1177123199310341417 17 17
    19. 19. CONSTRAINTS TO OBTAINING BETTEROUTPUT PRICESValue chain domain Sub-county Constraints to achieving better output price(% of respondents)nLackofcapacitytoestimatepigliveweightEmergencysalesLackofpriceandgeneralmarketinformationLimitedmarketLowbargainingpowerduetolackoforganizationLackofregulationsonpigmarketingPoorqualitypigsTradersoperateascartelsandcolludeinsettingpricesRural-rural Kkingo 8 7 33 0 0 0 0 0 27Kyanamukaka 19 0 0 15 9 0 7 12 27Kitayunjwa 20 0 0 9 12 0 10 0 19Namwendwa 8 19 0 15 0 0 8 0 18Bugulumbya 32 0 0 18 13 0 22 0 39Ntenjeru 0 0 23 23 12 0 7 0 37Rural-urban Kabonera 13 16 10 0 0 0 5 32 29Kyampisi 0 18 11 7 12 0 16 15 38Urban-urban Kimanya-Kyabakuza 0 13 13 7 9 0 16 914Katwe-Butego 0 0 11 0 0 100 0 0 13Nyendo-Ssenyange 0 11 0 0 13 0 0 019Mukono TC 0 7 0 6 20 0 0 21 16Goma 0 9 0 0 0 0 9 11 16Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 312
    20. 20. The common output channels are the localbutcheries.Where women are organized in groups theyhave access to inputs and price-lucrativemarket opportunities.Limited access to inputs but women are moreconstrained.Piglet prices are higher in the urban-urbanvalue chain.Maize mills are the most common outlets forpurchasing feeds (maize bran).SUMMARY
    21. 21.  Inputs are generally expensive, of poor quality and not easilyaccessible in R-R domain Low output prices. Lack of knowledge on live weight estimation. Limited markets Lack of market information Poor quality pigs especially(R-R and R-U)COMMON CONSTRAINTS

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