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Integrating gender into livestock value chains
Integrating Gender into Livestock ValueChainsKathleen Earl Colverson, Program Leader,Livelihoods, Gender, Impact and Innovations“Workshop: In-depth smallholder pig value chain assessment and preliminaryidentification of best-bet interventions, Kampala, 9-11 April 2013”
• SEX is the biological difference between men andwomen.• Sex differences are concerned with men’s and women’sbodies. Sexual differences are the same throughout thehuman race.• GENDER refers to the socially given attributes, roles,activities, and responsibilities connected to being afemale or a male in a given society.These are learned, changeable over time, and have widevariations within and between cultures and should beanalyzed with other socio-economic variables.
• In many countries, women make up over 70% ofthe agricultural labor• Women participate along the entire agriculturalvalue chain, contributing as producers,distributors, processors, storers, and marketers, aswell as, being responsible for feeding their families
“The failure to recognize the roles, differencesand inequities between men and womenposes a serious threat to the effectiveness ofthe agricultural development agenda.”Gender and Agricultural sourcebook (2009)
Women have:• Less access to land, less money to buy land, using moreborrowed or illegal land• Fewer head of livestock than male-headed households• Higher number of orphans living in female-headedhouseholds than male headed• USAID 2003
• Fewer agricultural inputs, such as improved seedand fertilizer, used by female-headed households• Less access to extension services and improvedtechnologies
State of Food and Agriculture FAO 2011Could increase yields on farms by20 – 30 percent which…Could raise total agriculturaloutput in developing countries2.5 – 4 percent which…Could reduce the number ofhungry people in the world by 12– 17 percent
How do we integrate gender into a valuechain?Small Group ExerciseCreate a pig value chain using the cards provided.Add additional cards if necessary.Where along the chain are there opportunities andconstraints for women farmers to be involved?
CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIARResearch Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systemsin sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fishlivestockfish.cgiar.org