Small ruminant value chain development case of Goma PLW
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Small ruminant value chain development case of Goma PLW



Presented by Yishak Baredo at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

Presented by Yishak Baredo at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.



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Small ruminant value chain development case of Goma PLW Small ruminant value chain development case of Goma PLW Presentation Transcript

  • Small Ruminant Value Chain Development Case of Goma PLW
    Yishak Baredo
    Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop
    ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011
  • Outline
    1. Introduction
    2. Diagnosis of existing fattening practice
    3. Proposed interventions
    4. Implementation Interventions
    5. Observations, lessons learned and challenges
    • Location of Goma PLW
    • 389 Km south west of Addis
    • Jima Zone, Oromya Region
    • Area- 962KM
    • Farming HH 45,567
    • Female headed farming HH 10,034
    • Source of livelihood -Coffee, livestock, crops
    • 35,000 Small ruminant population
    • Traditional fattening widely practiced
  • 2. Diagnosis of existing fattening system
    Sheep fattening was selected by stakeholders, because of good market potential
    • Poor performance in existing fattening practice due to lack of knowledge and skills
    • Long fattening period
    • Economically insignificant number of sheep
    • Poor or no selection of appropriate animals
    • Poor quality feed
    • Animal mortality
  • 3 Proposed interventions through participatory planning
    Introduction of commercially oriented short term sheep fattening program with emphasis on women participation
    3-month fattening period with appropriate (body size, weight, age) sheep purchased, number of animals (> 5)
    Use of concentrate
    Development of feed resources
    Linkages with credit, veterinary service and concentrate supply services
  • 4 Implementation of interventions
    Awareness creation
    Targeting of 120 farmers in one PA (82m, 38f)
    Discussion on major elements of the interventions with the beneficiaries
    Women participation
    Input supply,
    On farm feed production
    Innovative risk management practice
  • Implementation of interventions (cont’d)
    Capacity development of farmers and DAs to fill gaps in knowledge and skills
    Improved feeding system and overall innovate fattening practice
    On farm feed resource development
    Loan management
    Creating linkages with input/service providers
  • Identification and linkages with concentrate supplier
    Food oil factory
    • Located in Agaro
    • 100 qt CSM per day
    • 3000 qt per month
    • Never used by the PLW
  • Linkage to credit service
    Target farmers were linked to IPMS innovation
    credit fund managed by OCSSCo
    • Lamb purchase ( 5 sheep/HH)
    • Feed purchase
    • Drug purchase
    • Premium payment
  • Innovative risk management
    Community Based livestock Insurance (CBLI)
    • Consulting stake holders within and outside PLW
    • Bylaws developed
    Capital source
    Capital management system
    Premium per sheep
    Verification by whom and when
    Rules and procedures for claim
    Oromifa, Amharic, English versions
  • Feed resource development
    On farm forage seed production was adopted as viable strategy to implement
    5 forage seed multiplier farmers were selected and supplied with different forage seed
  • 5 Observations, lessons learned and challenges in first cycle
    Women participation and recognition
    In a contest organized at the end of the first cycle the top 2 were women farmers awarded first and second price (36% women participants)
  • Observations, lessons learned in first round….
    • 84% farmers reduced fattening period by half
    (from 6 months to three months), as a result of use of concentrate, improved health management, selection of animals for fattening
    • Gross income generated per individual target HH varied up to 2500 birr in three months time (could reach up to 10,000 in four cycle or in a planned one year fattening time)
    • 15 sheep died in the first three months cycle and13 were replaced by CBLI while 2 were rejected
  • Other observations, lessons learned in first round …
    94 % of target farmers highly appreciated CBLI and expressed willingness to continue it
    Through on farm feed production exercise model farmers started to produce significant volume of forage seed.
    • Contributed for the scaling out and the exercise was picked as part of Livestock Agency and Urban Agriculture office regular program
    • Contributed to spontaneous adoption without credit in several areas
  • Kilole PA cow pea
    Suse PA Lablab
    Omo Gurude PA Cow pea
    and oaths
  • Challenges in the first cycle
    Cost incurred by executive committee to be considered
    Bank location also should to be discussed
    Premium amount has to should be revised
    • Non repayment by some group members (group size 30) caused problems for all group members for second round loan
    • Use of loans for other purposes by some farmers
  • Challenges first cycle…..
    • Fattening sheep
    • Purchase of less than recommended no and underweight sheep.
    • Failure to feed recommended concentrate of volume
    • Shortage of lamb in a small village market due to demand triggered by target members
  • Responses to first cycle observations
    CBLI (based on discussions with groups)
    • Premium ( increased to 20birr/sheep)
    • Cost coverage for CBLI management team ( some groups decided to cover from the replacement cash)
    Women subgroup in Kilolo used their savings to repay for two defaulters – received second loan
    Group size for loans to be reconsidered by OCCSco – not yet effected
  • Responses to first round observations…
    Fattening sheep
    Sheep purchase was changed from individual to a team
    A fast growing new breed
    (Bonga breed) was Introduced
    to start lamb rearing
  • 6. Key issues to be addressed for scaling out
    Development of lamb rearing system with improved breeds/locals
    Credit – group size/collateral/Loan size conditions for farmers willing to buy larger number of animals for one cycle to be reviewed (requires national or regional level)
    Institutionalization of CBLI (requires intervention at regional or nation level)
    Explore alternatives for the public veterinary service to support fattening group
  • Thank you!