Delivering New Sorghum and Finger Millet Innovations for Food Security and Improving Livelihoods in Eastern Africa PI – Pr...
Background <ul><li>The agriculture sector contributes 40% of the GDP of eastern African countries </li></ul><ul><li>Provid...
<ul><li>The farming systems are characterized by low yields which can often be attributed to the use of local landraces an...
<ul><li>Therefore, food security is at the heart of sustainable development in the region </li></ul><ul><li>In particular,...
Overview of the Consortium <ul><li>Goal and Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>1.1. Goal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced sustainable...
<ul><ul><li>1.2. Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To generate, collate and deliver sorghum and finger millet technologie...
<ul><li>2. Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation, promotion and adoption of sorghum and finger millet genotypes for drou...
3.  Develop and promote best management strategies for sorghum chaffer pest and anthracnose, and finger millet blast disea...
<ul><li>3. Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and other abiotic stress tolerant novel sorghum genotypes evaluated on-farm a...
4. Environmentally friendly and sustainable sorghum chaffer and anthracnose and finger millet blast management options dev...
<ul><li>4.  The key outcomes envisioned are: </li></ul><ul><li>Food security of targeted eastern African communities livin...
5. Sorghum production through sustainable management of sorghum chaffer and anthracnose, and finger millet blast leading t...
5. Core activities 1. Development, promotion and adoption of drought and multiple stress tolerant sorghum 1.1. On-farm eva...
1.2.  Characterise the seed systems <ul><ul><li>Identify seed supply chain actors (formal vs informal) </li></ul></ul><ul>...
1.5. Characterization & identification of novel finger millet genotypes in eastern Africa <ul><ul><ul><li>Assemble finger ...
2.1. Generation of molecular tools for marker assisted breeding 2. Development of breeding tools and technologies for high...
3. Develop and promote best management strategies for sorghum chaffer pest and anthracnose, and finger millet blast diseas...
4. Undertake marketing and value chain analyses of sorghum and finger millets in eastern Africa <ul><li>Assessment of prod...
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Delivering new sorghum and finger millet innovations for food security and improving livelihoods in eastern Africa

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Presented by Prof. Masresha Fetene, Principal Investigator, Addis Ababa University at the Launching of Bio-Innovate Programme, ILRI, Nairobi, 16 March 2011.

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Delivering new sorghum and finger millet innovations for food security and improving livelihoods in eastern Africa

  1. 1. Delivering New Sorghum and Finger Millet Innovations for Food Security and Improving Livelihoods in Eastern Africa PI – Prof. Masresha Fetene, AAU Countries & Institutes: - Ethiopia (AAU, EIAR) - Kenya (MoiU, MasenoU) - Tanzania (MARI) - Uganda (MAK, SARRI) - CGIAR (ICRISAT) - USA (UGA)
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>The agriculture sector contributes 40% of the GDP of eastern African countries </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a living for 80% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>The region depends on rain-fed agriculture, making rural livelihoods and food security vulnerable to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the lack of economic, development and institutional capacity, African countries will be among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, the strong link between climate and livelihoods in eastern Africa further exacerbates food insecurity and poverty in the region </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The farming systems are characterized by low yields which can often be attributed to the use of local landraces and low inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Several abiotic and biotic factors such as recurrent droughts, diseases and pests are important constraints that reduce productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Africa has one of the highest population growth rates in the world </li></ul><ul><li>The current per capita grain production is about 131 kgs per year </li></ul><ul><li>Projections indicate that this will further decline to only 84 kg by 2030 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Therefore, food security is at the heart of sustainable development in the region </li></ul><ul><li>In particular, applied research should aim at solutions to increase crop productivity for food security and climate resilience </li></ul><ul><li>In this regard, sorghum and finger millets are known to save the poor from starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, in this project, these two crops are targeted to increase productivity to enhance food security and improve livelihoods in eastern Africa </li></ul>
  5. 5. Overview of the Consortium <ul><li>Goal and Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>1.1. Goal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced sustainable productivity and competitiveness for sorghums and finger millet sub-sector in Eastern Africa leads to better food security, incomes and overall livelihoods </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>1.2. Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To generate, collate and deliver sorghum and finger millet technologies that minimize the effects of climate change; and raise productivity and income of sorghum and finger millet producing farmers through development-oriented research and action in eastern Africa </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>2. Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation, promotion and adoption of sorghum and finger millet genotypes for drought and disease tolerance </li></ul>2. Development of breeding tools and technologies for high yielding and adapted finger millet in eastern Africa
  8. 8. 3. Develop and promote best management strategies for sorghum chaffer pest and anthracnose, and finger millet blast disease 4. Undertake marketing and value chain analyses of sorghum and finger millets in eastern Africa Objectives Cont…
  9. 9. <ul><li>3. Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and other abiotic stress tolerant novel sorghum genotypes evaluated on-farm and adopted by farmers, and stay green QTLs mapped on sorghum genome </li></ul><ul><li>2. Finger millet genotypes evaluated and characterized for drought and blast tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Modern tools and knowledge to improve breeding of high yielding and adapted finger millet developed and promoted in partner countries </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4. Environmentally friendly and sustainable sorghum chaffer and anthracnose and finger millet blast management options developed and adopted in chaffer, anthracnose and blast affected countries 5. Data and knowledge to strengthen and expand marker opportunities and value chains of sorghum and finger millet in targeted countries generated promoted
  11. 11. <ul><li>4. The key outcomes envisioned are: </li></ul><ul><li>Food security of targeted eastern African communities living in drought prone area enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>2. Targeted eastern African communities develop capacity and resilience to climate change, based on sorghum and finger millet technologies </li></ul>3. New tools for breeding finger millet strengthened in partner NARs 4. Capacity of R&D systems that contribute to food security in target countries strengthened
  12. 12. 5. Sorghum production through sustainable management of sorghum chaffer and anthracnose, and finger millet blast leading to improved food security in the region 6. Strengthened capacity of pest and diseases management research and development in the region 7. Production, utilization and market access of sorghum and finger millet enhanced in the region 8. Livelihood of sorghum and finger millet producers improved
  13. 13. 5. Core activities 1. Development, promotion and adoption of drought and multiple stress tolerant sorghum 1.1. On-farm evaluation & promotion of elite materials generated by BIO-EARN Phase III Category of germplasm Country of evaluation Nature of population 1. Drought, Striga, aluminium toxicity and P-use efficiency, earliness Kenya and Tanzania Staygreen F4-F5 derived materials, Early maturing types 2. Disease and staygreen Uganda F4-F5 derived materials 3. Stay green (new source - Sorcoll 163, Sorcoll 141, Sorcoll 146 Ethiopia Landrace 4. Stay green (B35) Uganda and Kenya BC 3 material
  14. 14. 1.2. Characterise the seed systems <ul><ul><li>Identify seed supply chain actors (formal vs informal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish community based platform for SSCA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and train actors interested in the seed multiplication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1.3. Promoting alternative uses of sorghum </li></ul><ul><li>White seeded sorghum for brewery </li></ul><ul><li>For livestock feed </li></ul><ul><li>1.4. QTL mapping of stay green sorghum lines identified by BIO-EARN phase III </li></ul><ul><li>SorColl 163, SorColl 141 & SorColl 146 </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1.5. Characterization & identification of novel finger millet genotypes in eastern Africa <ul><ul><ul><li>Assemble finger millet germplasms from eastern Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Study the genetic variability of finger millet using phenotypic and molecular markers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Screening & identifying genotypes tolerant to drought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Screening & identifying genotypes resistant to blast disease </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 2.1. Generation of molecular tools for marker assisted breeding 2. Development of breeding tools and technologies for high yielding and adapted finger millet in eastern Africa <ul><ul><ul><li>Developing orthologues markers (sequences) for drought and blast resistance using comparative genomics tools with rice, sorghum and other cereals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To associate traits with SSR markers </li></ul></ul></ul>A B C 2 3 1 4 1 4 1 3 3 2 4 2
  17. 17. 3. Develop and promote best management strategies for sorghum chaffer pest and anthracnose, and finger millet blast disease 3.1. Screening and dosage formulation of new fungal isolates for bio control agent for sorghum chaffer 3.2. Evaluation of the performance of an auto-dissemination device for attracting chaffer 3.3. On-farm participatory evaluation of existing technology on anthracnose and blast management on sorghum and finger millet
  18. 18. 4. Undertake marketing and value chain analyses of sorghum and finger millets in eastern Africa <ul><li>Assessment of producer and consumer preferences for quality characteristics of finger millet and sorghum </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of the impact of policy changes on finger millet and sorghum sub-sectors </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you
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