Introducing the ‘Quick Feeds’ project - Fodder and feed as a key opportunity to drive sustainable intensification of crop livestock systems in Ethiopia Alan DuncanAfrica-RISING Quick Feed Project Inception Workshop, Addis Ababa, 7-8 May 2012
StructureDuration: May – Sept, 2012!Lead implementer: ILRICollaboration with ICARDA, EIAR and OARI
Various crops – grains (or tubers) for consumption, for market, and residues for animal feed, soil fertility, construction, fuel
Animals are akey and integral part of thefarming system with multiple roles
Animals...................Crops Traction Crop residues Manure Sales for inputs
Mixed systemsInteractions between crops and livestockCrop residues are substantial component of livestock dietsFeeding of livestock needs to take account of arable realities: competition for land, free grazing in off season etc.
Challenges to improved feed supplyFood securityLand scarcity/tenureMarkets for livestock productsFree grazingTraction a sink for feed
The way aheadThings are changing – Dwindling grazing resources forcing other feed sources to be considered – Urbanization leading to increased demand for livestock products – Improving infrastructure – Are we about to see things moving?
ObjectiveThe proposed project aims toincrease the capacity of valuechains to support more effectiveuse of feed by mixed farmers(including supply and quality,impacts on livestock production andproduct appeal to markets).
Outputs On farm decision making – to - Synthesis of key drivers of on-farm feed production and the factors support affecting crop-livestock farmers’ use of intervention on-farm and off-farm feed resources. - Data base of price, quality and volume strategies and data for key feeds associated with the scaling out target value chains. Indicative quantification of feed purchase/exchange by users, and Value chain determining factors assessment – to - Targeted value chain assessment of feed elements of livestock value chains; support market including maps for feed-related interventions elements of prominent livestock value chains in Ethiopia and to gather indicative data on flows, volumes, prices of feeds and fodder associated Future feed with those value chains. - Assessment of demand for and scenarios availability of feed in the target sites.
Which tools?Value chain analysis (VCA)Feed assessment tool (FEAST)Feed technology prioritization (Techfit)SLATE – for livelihood scoring