Promoting carbon sequestration and payment for ecosystem service schemes:The case for rangelands<br />Jimmy Smith<br />THE...
<ul><li>Rangelands are important for livelihoods and the environment
There are opportunities for rangeland management to contribute to:
Carbon stocks
Biodiversity
Water resources
Incentives for good management need to contribute to livelihoods
Challenges for measuring, monitoring and payments remain</li></ul>Key messages<br />
Payment for ecosystem services<br /><ul><li>Climate – carbon stocks
Biodiversity
Water and sediment management
Wind erosion control</li></li></ul><li>Carbon sequestration in rangelands<br /><ul><li>Carbon in most rangelands below sat...
Under saturation offers scope to sequester carbon:
Improved grazing management
Management to build organic matter
Managing fire
Restoring degraded lands (pasture species and management)</li></li></ul><li>Carbon sequestration -the challenges<br /><ul>...
Incentives structure for good rangeland management
Assessing and rewarding good management
Co-benefits (water, soil health, biodiversity)
Mechanisms for funding
Research and payments
Institutional –local and global
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Promoting carbon sequestration and payment for ecosystem service schemes: The case for rangelands

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Presented by Jimmy Smith to a meeting of the Norwegian Climate Network, Oslo, 31 August 2011

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Transcript of "Promoting carbon sequestration and payment for ecosystem service schemes: The case for rangelands"

  1. 1. Promoting carbon sequestration and payment for ecosystem service schemes:The case for rangelands<br />Jimmy Smith<br />THE WORLD BANK<br />Meeting of the Norwegian Climate Network, Oslo, 31 August 2011<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Rangelands are important for livelihoods and the environment
  3. 3. There are opportunities for rangeland management to contribute to:
  4. 4. Carbon stocks
  5. 5. Biodiversity
  6. 6. Water resources
  7. 7. Incentives for good management need to contribute to livelihoods
  8. 8. Challenges for measuring, monitoring and payments remain</li></ul>Key messages<br />
  9. 9. Payment for ecosystem services<br /><ul><li>Climate – carbon stocks
  10. 10. Biodiversity
  11. 11. Water and sediment management
  12. 12. Wind erosion control</li></li></ul><li>Carbon sequestration in rangelands<br /><ul><li>Carbon in most rangelands below saturation level
  13. 13. Under saturation offers scope to sequester carbon:
  14. 14. Improved grazing management
  15. 15. Management to build organic matter
  16. 16. Managing fire
  17. 17. Restoring degraded lands (pasture species and management)</li></li></ul><li>Carbon sequestration -the challenges<br /><ul><li>Getting the science right -measuring, monitoring and reporting carbon stocks
  18. 18. Incentives structure for good rangeland management
  19. 19. Assessing and rewarding good management
  20. 20. Co-benefits (water, soil health, biodiversity)
  21. 21. Mechanisms for funding
  22. 22. Research and payments
  23. 23. Institutional –local and global
  24. 24. Equity
  25. 25. Collective action vs. individual
  26. 26. Managing mobility</li></li></ul><li>Why rangelands?<br />
  27. 27. Tropical arid and semi-arid rangeland based systems<br />population density less than 20 persons/km²<br />length of growing period (LGP) less than 60 days/annum<br />no significant crop production possible<br />
  28. 28. Largest land use system on earth<br /><ul><li>35 million km2 – 24% of the total land area
  29. 29. Support 50% of the World’s livestock</li></li></ul><li>200 million people depend on rangelands for livelihoods<br />Half live on less than $2/day <br />
  30. 30. Multipurpose rangelands for livelihoods and the environment<br />Livestock productivity<br />“sustainable intensification”<br />Environmental stewardship<br />“Payment for Ecosystem Services”<br />
  31. 31. Potential of rangelands for carbon sequestration?<br />
  32. 32. Atmospheric C<br />C sequestration<br /><br />Reduce emissions<br />X<br />
  33. 33. Where is the carbon?<br />
  34. 34. Potential C sequestration by 2040<br />
  35. 35. Potential for carbon sequestration (Tg C/yr) in global rangelands of different grazing intensity<br />Moderate grazing improves sequestration!<br />
  36. 36. Potential of rangelands for other ecosystem services?<br />
  37. 37. Importance of rangelands for global biodiversity<br /><ul><li>Hotspots of biodiversity
  38. 38. “Gene-banks” for animal and forage diversity
  39. 39. High level of endemism
  40. 40. Migrations of large herbivores </li></li></ul><li>Payment for wildlife conservation<br /><ul><li>Example: OlareOrok group ranch
  41. 41. 2002-2004 – preparation:</li></ul>Visioning future income from tourism<br />Inventorying resources and opportunities <br />Connecting tourist operators and land owners <br />Develop business plan PES for wildlife conservation <br /><ul><li>2006: Establishment of OlareOrok Conservancy (OOC) and institutional arrangements
  42. 42. Over 40 community based conservancies in Kenya (also southern Africa); I million ha
  43. 43. Payments from $1 to $40/ha – sufficient to impact poverty levels</li></li></ul><li>Poverty impacts of PWC on OlareOrok Conservancy, (OOC) Maasai Mara, Kenya<br />Individuals: Higher income for those benefitting from PWC in OlareOrok Conservancy (OOC)<br />Households: Significant % household income derived from PWC payments<br />Equityincome among households increased because families received more or less same area of land<br />
  44. 44. Water resources<br /><ul><li>Upstream livestock grazing impacts on sediment loads downstream :
  45. 45. Reservoirs
  46. 46. Hydro plants
  47. 47. Potential for incentives to manage grazing upstream</li></li></ul><li>Other potential opportunities for payments for rangeland management with ecosystem benefits<br /><ul><li>Wind erosion (China)
  48. 48. Flood prevention
  49. 49. Water release</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Rangelands are important for livelihoods and the environment
  50. 50. There are opportunities for rangeland management to contribute to:
  51. 51. Carbon stocks
  52. 52. Biodiversity
  53. 53. Water resources
  54. 54. Incentives for good management need to contribute to livelihoods
  55. 55. Challenges for measuring, monitoring and payments remain</li></ul>Key messages<br />
  56. 56. Thank you<br />
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