Poultry value chain development: Interventions and lessons
Poultry value chain development interventions and lessons Initial diagnosis Knowledge management Value chain interventions • Market potential of poultry was recognized by farmers, local and capacity development traders and restaurants. News of Avian Flu was a major reason for delay in development at project start Input supply interventions • Inadequate knowledge and skills on commercial poultry production systems among value chain actors • Poultry rearing and selling of products was mostly done by women Knowledge sharing through group • Egg production of local poultry systems was poor due to small discussions and demonstrations number of chicks, high mortality resulting from poor disease control and feeding practices Testing of incubators for semi Supply of day old chicks commercial poultry and hay box brooder • Input supply system, including day old chicks, pullets, veterinary production services, and supply of feed was poorly developed • Farmers were price takers. Eggs were sold mostly to consumer or traders/collectors • Local producers had very few linkages with other value chain Access to knowledge through training, study actors tours and farmer field days Vaccination services for Linkage with poultry feed supplier from Jimma dairy Value chain actors, service providers day old chicks farmers and linkages Input supply/ services National veterinary institute Local shop Production interventions Feed processors Commercial poultry farms Pullet producers Introduction of semi commercial egg Additional ICT supported production to respond information/knowledge via Ethiopian to market demands Agriculture Portal (EAP) www.eap.gov.et Knowledge/ Skill Credit Office of agriculture Microfinance institutions Poultry Universities Private industry producers Private sectors, Shops Cooperatives Specialized farmers Targeting Students Engaging women in semi commercial poultry and egg production Market Local market Universities Restaurants Targeting women and farmers with entrepreneurial skillsProcessing / marketing interventions Lessons and challenges • Knowledge sharing, training, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including women • Rapid market assessments are helpful in identifying potential markets • Village level egg hatching has not resulted in a viable and sustainable system • Farmers can profitably produce pullets from day old chicks, for own use or sale if appropriate linkages with Eggs supplied for veterinary services and feed suppliers are established Introduction of chicken meat local and urban processing and marketing to markets restaurants • Farmers with larger number of birds easily took up advanced production practices including housing, feeding and disease control • Farmers (including women) can administer vaccines. However, sustainability of the supply depends on establishment of dealerships linked to vaccine producers • Improved feed supply can be initiated through collective action, cooperatives, or ago dealerships • Credit availability to establish medium sized poultry enterprises was successful – especially for women Linking with urban poultry traders This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.