Poultry value chain development based on experiences of IPMS and partners

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Presented by Ketema Yilma at the 19th Ethiopian Society of Animal production Annual Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 15-17 December 2011

Presented by Ketema Yilma at the 19th Ethiopian Society of Animal production Annual Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 15-17 December 2011

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  • 1. Poultry value chain development based on experiences of IPMS and partners Ketema YilmaPresented at the 19th Ethiopian Society of Animal production Annual Conference Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 15-17 December 2011
  • 2. Poultry project locations
  • 3. Main diagnosis• Market potential of poultry recognized by farmers, local traders and restaurants. News of Avian Flu was major reason for delay in development at project start.• Inadequate knowledge and skills on commercial poultry production systems among value chain actors.• Poultry rearing and selling of products was mostly done by women.• Egg production of local poultry systems was poor• Input supply system poorly developed• Local producers had very few linkages with other value chain actors.
  • 4. Extension: Training & K- management Target women /entrepreneurial Training is mainly participatory  Participants are consulted to identify venue & time of training  Build on their indigenous K,  Impart new info & K through theoretical/practical training, study tours, and farmers field days
  • 5. Training environmentCordial environment Introduce new technology Handover the stick
  • 6. Learning by visiting
  • 7. Practical hand-on training
  • 8. Training and skill transfer to WoA staffAgri-portal
  • 9. Generate K through graduate studies
  • 10. Production interventions Introduction of semi-intensive farms (50-400 egg laying units  Credit  Feed, vaccination and drug use  Housing
  • 11. Introduction of semi-intensive units
  • 12. Larger chicken units in peri-urban areas
  • 13. Input intervention Testing of small scale incubators (Chinese water hatching technology, Tegene metal box hatchery (produced in Addis)and finally fully automated model) Development of community based pullet production (5 Group/clusters 10-20 women with 50 day-old chickens in Dale )  Credit service:  Community based vaccination  Linkage with feed suppliers plus  Hay box brooders Linkages of agro feed processors with egg producers /input supply shops (Credit)
  • 14. Community based pullet production Pullets in runner after 20 weeksDay old chicks in hay box
  • 15. Community based pullets production Pullets sold to egg producers Pullets raised for sell Linking producersSupply of day-old chicks Feed and vaccination Women in groups/cluster
  • 16. Marketing and processingDirect supply to shops/restaurants Linking producers to bulkers
  • 17. Processing! What do U do with egg layers that have finished their production cycle?  Identify customers and,  Learn skills for slaughtering & packaging
  • 18. Egg production results Monthly egg production pattern of Gudeta Buli PLC / 380 chicks 10000 9251 8759 9000 8288 8000 7000 6527 No of eggs 6000 5000 4000 3000 1925 2000 1000 222 0 Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Months
  • 19. Community based pullet raising 80 women managed to raise 3733 (of which 3376 pullets were sold while 357 was kept by women). Pullets were sold to urban farmers in Y. Alem, Awassa and Boricha woreda, Safety net program Survival was 93.3% (mortality 6.7%) The average net return per member was Birr 812 (with a range of 2400 at the highest and Birr 500 the lowest)
  • 20. PLW level impact HHS engaged by gender/year/PLWs Egg production and market participation Egg production/year
  • 21. Total number of hhs producing eggs Total number of hhs producing commodity 18000 Total, 17126 16000Number of eggs 14000 12000 Male, 11541 10000 8000 6000 Female, 5585 4000 2000 0 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 Year of production
  • 22. Egg production per year in all PLWs 6,000,000.0 Egg production in’000 5,000,000.0 4,000,000.0 3,000,000.0 2,000,000.0 Series1 1,000,000.0 -
  • 23. Lessons• Knowledge sharing, trainings, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the skills & knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including women.• Rapid market assessments are helpful in identifying potential markets.• Village level egg hatching has not resulted in a viable and sustainable system.• Farmers can profitably produce pullets from day old chicks, for own use or sale if appropriate linkages with veterinary services and feed suppliers are established.• Farmers with larger number of birds easily took up advanced production practices including housing, feeding and disease control.• Farmers (including women) can administer vaccines. However, sustainability of the supply will depend on establishment of dealerships linked to vaccine producers.• Improved feed supply can be initiated through collective action, cooperatives, or ago dealerships.• Credit availability to establish medium sized poultry enterprises• Integration of dairy with poultry
  • 24. Challenges Breed improvement system  Local/exotic  Egg vis broiler production Village level multiplication  Hatchery  Pullet production  Feed Disease control with thermo-stable vaccines
  • 25. Breed improvement :Indigenous !
  • 26. Go commercial (egg/meat)
  • 27. Meat type
  • 28. Feed quality issue! Egg production pattern for Fekegna Gudina PLC / 30 chiks 800 751 715 700 647 621 600 548 No of eggs 500 437 393 400 344 285 300 200 162 100 0 Octo. Nov Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. Jun. Jul. Months
  • 29. Egg production pattern of Nardos farm/ 30 chicks 600 561 524 500 477 451 439 450 403 400No of eggs 305 288 300 200 95 100 0 Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Months
  • 30. This is the culprit!
  • 31. Making available thermo-stable vaccines
  • 32. Where are we in providing smaller dose ofvaccines (how small?)
  • 33. Option for small scale hatchery!?Village level distribution of chickens