12/20/2012 1A PARTICIPATORY ASSESSMENT OF DISEASE BURDEN,MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY FROM FIVE PRIORITYLIVESTOCK DISEASES IN N...
INTRODUCTION• Livestock are asset to the poor and majoritykept in the rural sector of Nigeria• Livestock are traditionally...
INTRODUCTION…2• Animal diseases of varying morbidity andmortality threatens the livestock sector inNigeria• Animal associa...
INTRODUCTION• Federal department of livestock prioritizedsix(6) diseases for control and eradication.• They are– Contagiou...
OBJECTIVES• Assess the impact of livestock diseases onlivelihood• To make recommendations on the feasibilityof targeted in...
Methodology…1• Participatory rapid assessment – used toobtain information on epidemiology andimpact of the diseases• Done ...
MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING AGROECOLOGICALZONES12/20/2012 7
MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING THE STATES IN THEECOLOGICAL ZONES12/20/2012 8
Methodology…2• A checklist was developed• Questions and exercises were standardized• Clinical case definitions were develo...
Methodology…3• Qualitative and quantitative information weregathered using the following toolsa) Semi structured interview...
Methodology…4• SSI was used to determine– Livelihood activities– Production challenges– Production cost, control and treat...
Methodology…5• Proportional piling used to determine– Importance of each disease in terms of prevalenceand economic import...
Methodology…6• Relative incidence scoring was used toestimate– Incidence of each disease in each spp over the lastyear– Ca...
RESULTS…1• Total of 56 interviews were done– 18 in humid zones– 21 in semi humid zones– 10 in Northern guinea savannah– 7 ...
Results…2Table1: Meannumberofwomenandmen(+standarddeviation)participatinginfocusgroupinterviewsinfouragro-ecozonesofNigeri...
Results…30%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Total Survey Oyo/Lagos Kano Niger EnuguFrequency of Livelihood Activities Practi...
Results…40.01.02.03.04.05.06.07.08.0Total Survey (n=55) Oyo/Lagos (n=18) Kano (n=6) Niger (n=10) Enugu (n=21)AverageScoreI...
Results…50.010.020.030.040.050.060.070.080.0CBPP tryps FMD GI parasites ectoparasites calf diarrhea Other%Relative Herd In...
Results…60%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%Total Survey Oyo/Lagos Kano Niger EnuguRelative Impact on Livelihoods of Cattle Disease...
Results…90.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%80.0%90.0%100.0%Total Survey (n=16) Oyo/Lagos (n=6) Niger (n=4) Enugu (n=6...
Results…100.05.010.015.020.025.030.035.040.045.0ASF tryps mange neonatal diarrhea GI parasites Other%Relative Herd Inciden...
Results…110.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%Total Survey Oyo/Lagos Niger EnuguRelative Impact on Livelihoods of Swine...
Results…1412/20/2012 230.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%80.0%90.0%100.0%Frequency of Shoat Production Challenges Fac...
Results…1512/20/2012 24
Results…1712/20/2012 250.010.020.030.040.050.060.070.080.090.0100.0Total Survey (n=21) Oyo/Lagos (n=7) Kano (n=2) Niger (n...
Discussion…1• Livestock keeping is practiced by all thevillages surveyed• Nearly half reported sole livelihood support isf...
Discussion…2• Regional variation in species ranking in termsof population exists• Little regional variation in terms of im...
Discussion…3• Livestock diseases pose a critical challenge toproduction in 4 agro ecological zones• FMD has high incidence...
Discussion…4• Newcastle disease most occurring in poultry• Morbidity of 51% and mortality of 31%12/20/2012 29
Conclusion/Recommendation• Farmers perception of importance of diseaseis its effect on livelihood• Assistance to farmers t...
Acknowledgement• Dr Chris Jost( International Livestock ResearchInstitute)• International Livestock Research Instituteoffi...
Thank youforlistening12/20/201232
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A participatory assessment of disease burden, morbidity and mortality from five priority livestock diseases in Nigeria

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Presented by Dr Mariat .O. Soleye at the PENAPH First Technical Workshop, Chiangmai, Thailand, 11 – 13 December 2012.

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A participatory assessment of disease burden, morbidity and mortality from five priority livestock diseases in Nigeria

  1. 1. 12/20/2012 1A PARTICIPATORY ASSESSMENT OF DISEASE BURDEN,MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY FROM FIVE PRIORITYLIVESTOCK DISEASES IN NIGERIA.BYDR MARIAT .O. SOLEYERESIDENT NFELTPNIGERIA.PAPER PRESENTED AT 1ST PENAPH WORKSHOPCHAING MAI, THAILAND11TH - 13TH, DECEMBER2012
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION• Livestock are asset to the poor and majoritykept in the rural sector of Nigeria• Livestock are traditionally kept in 3 majorproduction system• Highest number are kept by rural people insemi intensive system12/20/2012 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION…2• Animal diseases of varying morbidity andmortality threatens the livestock sector inNigeria• Animal associated disease burden iscontrollable, preventable and treatable• Disease burden is sum of direct cost of thedisease• PE gives an accurate estimates as it involvesthe producers directly12/20/2012 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION• Federal department of livestock prioritizedsix(6) diseases for control and eradication.• They are– Contagious Bovine pleuropneumonia– African swine fever– Highly pathogenic avian influenza– Newcastle disease– Foot and mouth disease– Peste des petites ruminant12/20/2012 4
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES• Assess the impact of livestock diseases onlivelihood• To make recommendations on the feasibilityof targeted interventions12/20/2012 5
  6. 6. Methodology…1• Participatory rapid assessment – used toobtain information on epidemiology andimpact of the diseases• Done in 4 agro ecological zones– Sudan savannah (Kano state)– Northern guinea savannah (Niger state)– Sub-humid zone (Enugu state)– Humid zone (Oyo state)12/20/2012 6
  7. 7. MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING AGROECOLOGICALZONES12/20/2012 7
  8. 8. MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING THE STATES IN THEECOLOGICAL ZONES12/20/2012 8
  9. 9. Methodology…2• A checklist was developed• Questions and exercises were standardized• Clinical case definitions were developed forthe 5 diseases• Village was the unit of analysis• Villages were selected non randomly• Permission was sort from leaders12/20/2012 9
  10. 10. Methodology…3• Qualitative and quantitative information weregathered using the following toolsa) Semi structured interviewb) Proportional pilingc) Simple rankingd) Relative incidence scoring12/20/2012 10
  11. 11. Methodology…4• SSI was used to determine– Livelihood activities– Production challenges– Production cost, control and treatment costSimple ranking was used to determine– Order of importance of livestock kept in terms ofnumber and relative importance12/20/2012 11
  12. 12. Methodology…5• Proportional piling used to determine– Importance of each disease in terms of prevalenceand economic importance– Age distribution on herds and flocks– Mortality rates by age– Estimate annual livestock level– Incidence and impact of livestock diseases12/20/2012 12
  13. 13. Methodology…6• Relative incidence scoring was used toestimate– Incidence of each disease in each spp over the lastyear– Case fatality, morbidity and mortality ratesAll data gathered were fed into a spreadsheet model12/20/2012 13
  14. 14. RESULTS…1• Total of 56 interviews were done– 18 in humid zones– 21 in semi humid zones– 10 in Northern guinea savannah– 7 in Sudan savannah12/20/2012 14
  15. 15. Results…2Table1: Meannumberofwomenandmen(+standarddeviation)participatinginfocusgroupinterviewsinfouragro-ecozonesofNigeria.TotalSurvey Oyo/Lagos Kano Niger EnuguFemale Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male1.4(+2.0) 3.7(+3.0)2.1(+2.5)3.7(+3.3)0.0(+0.0)6.9(+2.5)2.0(+2.2)5.3(+2.8)0.9(+1.6)2.0(+1.6)12/20/2012 15
  16. 16. Results…30%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Total Survey Oyo/Lagos Kano Niger EnuguFrequency of Livelihood Activities Practiced by Smallholder Farming Families in FourAgro-ecozones of NigeriaLivestockCropsMens laborWomens laborRemittanceOther12/20/2012 16
  17. 17. Results…40.01.02.03.04.05.06.07.08.0Total Survey (n=55) Oyo/Lagos (n=18) Kano (n=6) Niger (n=10) Enugu (n=21)AverageScoreImportance of Livestock Species in Terms of Village Populations in Four Agro-ecozones inNigeriaCattle (n=22)Sheep (n=37)Goats (n=39)Pigs (n=19)Chickens (n=47)Ducks (n=8)Turkeys (n=3)Guinea Fowl (n=8)Other (n=13)12/20/2012 17
  18. 18. Results…50.010.020.030.040.050.060.070.080.0CBPP tryps FMD GI parasites ectoparasites calf diarrhea Other%Relative Herd Incidence of Cattle Diseases from May 09 - April 10 in Four Agro-ecozones of NigeriaTotal Survey (n=20)Oyo/Lagos (n=5)Kano (n=5)Niger (n=6)Enugu (n=4)12/20/2012 18
  19. 19. Results…60%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%Total Survey Oyo/Lagos Kano Niger EnuguRelative Impact on Livelihoods of Cattle Diseases from May 09 - April 10 in Four Agro-ecozones of NigeriaCBPP (n=12)tryps (n=14)FMD (n=16)GI parasites (n=5)ectoparasites (n=4)calf diarrhea (n=5)Other (n=11)12/20/2012 19
  20. 20. Results…90.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%80.0%90.0%100.0%Total Survey (n=16) Oyo/Lagos (n=6) Niger (n=4) Enugu (n=6)Frequency of Swine Production Challenges Faced by Smallholder Farming Families inThree Agro-ecozones of Nigeriafeedwaterfundsdiseaseveterinary servicespharmaceuticalstaxesgeneticsOther12/20/2012 20
  21. 21. Results…100.05.010.015.020.025.030.035.040.045.0ASF tryps mange neonatal diarrhea GI parasites Other%Relative Herd Incidence of Swine Diseases from May 09 - April 10 in Four Agro-ecozones of NigeriaTotal Survey (n=15)Oyo/Lagos (n=6)Niger (n=3)Enugu (n=6)12/20/2012 21
  22. 22. Results…110.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%Total Survey Oyo/Lagos Niger EnuguRelative Impact on Livelihoods of Swine Diseases from May 09 - April 10 inThree Agro-ecozones of NigeriaASF (n=5)tryps (n=3)mange (n=12)neonatal diarrhea (n=9)GI parasites (n=10)Other (n=5)12/20/2012 22
  23. 23. Results…1412/20/2012 230.0%10.0%20.0%30.0%40.0%50.0%60.0%70.0%80.0%90.0%100.0%Frequency of Shoat Production Challenges Faced by Smallholder Farming Families inFour Agro-ecozones of NigeriaTotal SurveyOyo/LagosKanoNigerEnugu
  24. 24. Results…1512/20/2012 24
  25. 25. Results…1712/20/2012 250.010.020.030.040.050.060.070.080.090.0100.0Total Survey (n=21) Oyo/Lagos (n=7) Kano (n=2) Niger (n=7) Enugu (n=5)%Relative Flock Incidence of Chicken Diseases from May 09 - April 10 in Four Agro-ecozones of NigeriaNCDEctoparasitespoxOther
  26. 26. Discussion…1• Livestock keeping is practiced by all thevillages surveyed• Nearly half reported sole livelihood support isfrom farming• This highlights the importance of farming tolivelihood and survival in rural Nigeria12/20/2012 26
  27. 27. Discussion…2• Regional variation in species ranking in termsof population exists• Little regional variation in terms of impact onlivelihood• Chickens are the most numerous species kept• Cattle make the greatest contribution tolivelihood• Pigs were not numerous but ranked 2nd mostimportant12/20/2012 27
  28. 28. Discussion…3• Livestock diseases pose a critical challenge toproduction in 4 agro ecological zones• FMD has high incidence in cattle in all regions• ASF has the highest relative incidence in pigs– Case fatality of100%– Morbidity and mortality of 15%PPR most occurring disease in small ruminantsMorbidity and mortality of 23% and 10%respectively, case fatality of 36- 94%12/20/2012 28
  29. 29. Discussion…4• Newcastle disease most occurring in poultry• Morbidity of 51% and mortality of 31%12/20/2012 29
  30. 30. Conclusion/Recommendation• Farmers perception of importance of diseaseis its effect on livelihood• Assistance to farmers to overcome limitationsto production will contribute greatly toimproving livelihood• Control of diseases should be a packageinvolving private and public sector• Veterinary practice be closer to the farm level12/20/2012 30
  31. 31. Acknowledgement• Dr Chris Jost( International Livestock ResearchInstitute)• International Livestock Research Instituteoffice, Ibadan, Nigeria• International Livestock Research Instituteresearch support group• Drs Uju Okafor, Tinuke Ahamed, Waziri Musa,Ibrahim Musa and Ndahi Mwapu12/20/2012 31
  32. 32. Thank youforlistening12/20/201232

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