Management of Emerging Risks in SoutheastManagement of Emerging Risks in SoutheastManagement of Emerging Risks in Southeas...
Social sciences inputs to surveillancesystems designingSocial, political (power issues)and economic stakesRisks representa...
Merging together social & biomedical sciences…SOCIOLOGYICT
ICTs for building bridges• Strengthening interactions betweendisciplines• Integrating data• Finding communication pathways...
=> First understand the community’s functioning patterns– who are the community members?– what are the power relationship ...
How to tackle social factors linked tosurveillance’s evaluation?“social network analysis could help inanalyzing and commun...
Participatory tools to approach thecommunity based dynamics(not focusing on epidemiology!)Various & flexible tools = semi-...
+continuous observationIdentify stakeholders, observe practices, interactions...Participatory investigation of community d...
- Various systems cohabiting (extensive ducks, fight cocks, intensivechicken farm,…)- DLD control measures in 2004/2005 = ...
Information circulationVery frequent social contactsFast spreading of informationIn-between role frompowerful, influent CB...
Health & Risk PerceptionLow interest for infectiousdiseases in ducks healthmanagementWhich acceptability forsurveillance &...
- General functioning of the community could shed light onthe particular case of animal diseases management- Notables (lan...
“No struggle between formal and informalsurveillance... but find the complementarybetween the official and community-based...
THANK YOUhttp://www.grease-network.com
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The social dimension of animal health surveillance systems: An interdisciplinary approach of social pressure in the process of disease reporting in Northern Thailand

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Presented by Aurélie Binot, Sophie Valeix, Attawit Kovitvadhi, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux, Raphael Duboz, Mohan Timilsina, Suwicha Kasemsuwan and Marisa Peyre at the PENAPH First Technical Workshop, Chiangmai, Thailand, 11 – 13 December 2012.

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The social dimension of animal health surveillance systems: An interdisciplinary approach of social pressure in the process of disease reporting in Northern Thailand

  1. 1. Management of Emerging Risks in SoutheastManagement of Emerging Risks in SoutheastManagement of Emerging Risks in SoutheastManagement of Emerging Risks in Southeast AsiaAsiaAsiaAsiaThe social dimension of animal healthsurveillance systemsAn interdisciplinary approach of social pressure in theprocess of disease reporting in Northern ThailandAurélie Binot, Sophie Valeix, Attawit Kovitvadhi, Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux,Raphael Duboz, Mohan Timilsina, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Marisa PeyrePENAPH first technical workshop Chiang Mai 11-13 December 2012
  2. 2. Social sciences inputs to surveillancesystems designingSocial, political (power issues)and economic stakesRisks representations andperceptionsCommunities empowermentfinding solutions throughparticipatory approaches© F. Monicat© F. MonicatProvide and implement recommendation for risk management(including surveillance response, health policies etc.)Anticipating problems in risk communication, capacity building
  3. 3. Merging together social & biomedical sciences…SOCIOLOGYICT
  4. 4. ICTs for building bridges• Strengthening interactions betweendisciplines• Integrating data• Finding communication pathwaysICT FOR SYNTHETIZINGINFORMATION FORSPREADING, SHARING ANDDECREASINGHETEROGENEITY• Central databases• Modeling approaches• Telecom• GISOutbreaks MonitoringScenario tree ModelingFrontline SMSRisk mapping &Spatial determinants
  5. 5. => First understand the community’s functioning patterns– who are the community members?– what are the power relationship between them?– major institutional agreements ? (land tenure, labor, loans...)– how does information circulate between them?Explore social interactions and behavior’s rules...How to tackle social factors linked tosurveillance’s evaluation?“social pressures around animal healthmanagement not independent from generalcommunity functioning”
  6. 6. How to tackle social factors linked tosurveillance’s evaluation?“social network analysis could help inanalyzing and communicating data gatheredthrough participatory process”Beyond officialsurveillancereporting system...Cartography & measurerelationships, interactions btwpeoples, groups, entitiesBeyond adescription andinterpretation ofnarratives...SNA
  7. 7. Participatory tools to approach thecommunity based dynamics(not focusing on epidemiology!)Various & flexible tools = semi-structured interviews, participatorymapping, matrix scoring , proportional piling,…(57 interviews)Animal diseases surveillance :Social factors driving communities functioning
  8. 8. +continuous observationIdentify stakeholders, observe practices, interactions...Participatory investigation of community dynamics=> SNA modeling
  9. 9. - Various systems cohabiting (extensive ducks, fight cocks, intensivechicken farm,…)- DLD control measures in 2004/2005 = traumatism, with hugefamily, cultural, socioeconomic consequences at community level- Self-medication +++- Low recourse to public vetsSome characteristics of the community regarding AH
  10. 10. Information circulationVery frequent social contactsFast spreading of informationIn-between role frompowerful, influent CBlevel people(experienced farmers,notables, drug sellers)Low communicationlevel with vetsBetweenindividualsBetweengroups
  11. 11. Health & Risk PerceptionLow interest for infectiousdiseases in ducks healthmanagementWhich acceptability forsurveillance & control nottackling these problems?Diseases coveredby these information flow
  12. 12. - General functioning of the community could shed light onthe particular case of animal diseases management- Notables (land owners, powerful families)- Role in major crises management- Have the needed influential power to withhold informationinside the community ...- Industrial Firms- private information circulation,- not integrated to the community-based systemMajor qualitative insights...
  13. 13. “No struggle between formal and informalsurveillance... but find the complementarybetween the official and community-basedsystems”“Anthropological approach of thecommunity patterns, using participatorytools and observation, benefitted fromand to SNA”
  14. 14. THANK YOUhttp://www.grease-network.com
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