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Participatory SWOT analysis of institutional arrangements in the conservancies

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Presented by Sarah Schomers at the Workshop on Enabling Livestock Based Economies in Kenya to Adapt to Climate Change: A Review of PES from Wildlife Tourism as a Climate Change Adaptation Option, …

Presented by Sarah Schomers at the Workshop on Enabling Livestock Based Economies in Kenya to Adapt to Climate Change: A Review of PES from Wildlife Tourism as a Climate Change Adaptation Option, ILRI, Nairobi, 15 February 2012

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  • 1. Enabling Livestock Based Economies in Kenya to Adapt to Climate Change: A Review of PES from Wildlife Tourism as a Climate Change Adaptation Option ILRI, Nairobi, 15 February 2012 Participatory SWOT analysis of institutional arrangements in the conservancies Sarah Schomers
  • 2. Who am I ? Working at the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Research ( ZALF ), Müncheberg, Germany PhD project embedded in CIVILand – a junior research group engaged in PES in the context of civil society initiatives in Germany, UK and USA
    • Research focus:
    • Economic Incentives to conserve ES (PES)
    • Institutional economics with the focus on transaction cost economics
    M.Sc. „International Economics and Business“ University of Groningen (Netherlands)
  • 3. What is awaiting you? “ SWOT Analysis” – what are we talking about? Identification major stakeholders present in conservancies Example of SWOT Analysis (preliminary) How will we work in this participatory session?
  • 4. S W O T Analysis S trenghs W eaknesses } relate mostly to present advantages and disadvantages of conservancies O pportunity T hreats } relate mostly to future possibilities to be exploited , - potential future pitfalls that need to be taken care of S W O T S W O T
  • 5. Identification of major stakeholders present in conservancies
    • Within Conservancies diverse Stakeholders
      • 1. Pastoralists
      • 2. Tourism Operators
      • 3. Political Level
      • 4. Conservation (Ecology)
    • sometimes conflicting, sometimes supplementing – interest are present
    • Therefore we will do different SWOT analyses: Each from the perspective of the respective stakeholder
  • 6. Pastoralists Tourism Operators
      • Political Level
      • Conservation
    Threats Threats Threats Threats Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Strength Strength Strength Strength
  • 7. Pastoralists Tourism Operators
      • Political Level
      • Conservation
    Threats Threats Threats Threats Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Strength Strength Strength Strength
  • 8. Pastoralists Strength
    • Income  income diversification, amount of income, stability of income, security and predictability of income
    • Access to financial institutions
    • Monetary trickle-down effects to broader community and people not owning land within conservancies
    • Remuneration beyond pure cash payments:
    • - guiding school
    • - community projects
    • Pastoralist have voice, i.e. Board of Trustees
    • Stops further fragmentation of land and keeps rangeland together and open
    Strength
  • 9. Pastoralists Weaknesses
    • disappointment among Pastoralists: did not expect to have that little land for grazing for any other use
    • too little active inclusion of Pastoralist (shareholder of tourism enterprises?)
    • Non-land owners being worse off
    • Power imbalance
    Weaknesses
  • 10. Pastoralists Opportunities
    • incorporating Pastoralists as shareholders  also helps to directly link aim to increase wildlife with own income
    • Pastoralists could potentially benefit from emerging markets due to increased tourism: beef production, handicrafts, honey …
    • improvement, augmentation and diversification of income from land use changes and conservancies: VER, CDM, REDD, Habitat Banking, bundling of diverse ES that can be sold in future (potentially) emerging ES markets
    Opportu-nities
  • 11. Pastoralists Threats
    • reliance on donor funding
    • damage that increased wildlife causes (predation)
    •  in particular to non-members being more disadvantaged as no payments for increased wildlife in first place
    • inflation, decreasing future land lease payments (if increase in inflation exceeds that of payments
    • climate change fluctuations: drought and lost access to land
    • governance structures need to be flexible enough to adapt to short term climate fluctuations, such as droughts…
    Threats
  • 12. Example of SWOT Analysis
    • Conservancies across Kenya differ
    • - land tenure
    • - payment scheme
    •  Impact on respective S-W-O-T?
    • Example of SWOT Analysis
      • Field Research August 2011
      • Focus on Mara Conservancies
      • Preliminary and not complete!
      • CCA
  • 13. How will we work in this session?
    • Group formation
    • Break out session in 4 groups
    • 1h
    • Lunch
    • Plenary session to discuss group findings
    • 90min