Opportunities for a sustainable and
competitive livestock sector in Africa
Jimmy Smith, ILRI Director General
African Live...
• The global livestock sector is growing rapidly
and will continue to do so for the foreseeable
future
• Major opportuniti...
Rapidly growing global livestock sector − 40% of
agriculture GDP − receives little public investment
4 out of 5 of the highest value
global commodities are livestock
Population growth
Over 9 billion people
to feed by 2050
Income growth
7 of the 10 fastest-growing
economies in the world
o...
Rosegrant et al. 2009
The 4 billion people who live
on less than US$10 a day
(primarily in developing
countries) represent...
Provides food and nutritional security
BUT overconsumption can cause obesity
Powers economic development
BUT equitable dev...
ILRI Spearheading a
New Way Forward
Major opportunities for Africa’s livestock sector
3 out of 6 of the highest value
African commodities are livestock
Source: FAOSTAT, 2013
FAO, 2012
Per cent growth in consumption of livestock
products between 1995 and 2005
11
FAO, 2012Based on anticipated change in absolute tonnes of product comparing 2000 and 2030
Percentage growth in demand
...
Calculated from FAO data (FAOSTAT, 2013)
• Production has not
keep pace with
consumption growth
• Thus, Africa expected
to...
• Developing, not developed, countries (Africa significant)
• Critical intervention point is smallholder producers
• Trans...
Smallholders dominate the livestock sector:
Are means to achieving twin goals
• Small and medium enterprises
dominate the ...
ILRI Spearheading a
New Way Forward
Africa recognizes the importance of agriculture −
but livestock are still often under-...
Africa’s livestock sector is complex
Inherent complexities
of the livestock sector
•Intersects with all other smallholder
...
Africa’s agricultural commitments:
Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme
CAADP seeks to:
•Employ agricult...
CAADP and the livestock sector
• Role of the livestock sector (including the dairy sector)
not fully appreciated in origin...
New investments and reforms
are needed to take successes to scale
Both investments and reforms
are needed in Africa’s livestock sector
• Investments as well as policy and institutional ref...
Joint public-private testing of innovations:
• Innovative franchise models are providing smallholders
with access to agro-...
Acting now, together and coherently,
we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector
is competitive and sustainable
How can we better position the livestock
sector in Africa? Some thoughts
• Focus public-sector attention on enabling
envir...
• The global livestock sector is growing rapidly
and will continue to do so for the foreseeable
future
• Major opportuniti...
Thank you
The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in Africa

4,407
-1

Published on

Presented by Jimmy Smith, ILRI Director General, at the African Livestock Conference and Exhibition (ALiCE), Nairobi, 26−28 June 2013

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,407
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
88
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in Africa

  1. 1. Opportunities for a sustainable and competitive livestock sector in Africa Jimmy Smith, ILRI Director General African Livestock Conference and Exhibition (ALiCE), Nairobi, 26−28 June 2013
  2. 2. • The global livestock sector is growing rapidly and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future • Major opportunities exist for Africa’s livestock sector • Africa recognizes the central importance of agriculture for development − but livestock are still often under-represented We must change that • Research solutions are needed to transform Africa’s livestock sector • New investments and institutional reforms are also needed to take these successes to scale • Acting now, together and coherently, we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector is competitive and sustainable Key messages
  3. 3. Rapidly growing global livestock sector − 40% of agriculture GDP − receives little public investment
  4. 4. 4 out of 5 of the highest value global commodities are livestock
  5. 5. Population growth Over 9 billion people to feed by 2050 Income growth 7 of the 10 fastest-growing economies in the world over the next five years are in Africa Urban growth Africa’s current population of 1.1 billion is expected to double, to 2.3 billion, by 2050; over half will live in urban areas Drivers of global livestock sector trends
  6. 6. Rosegrant et al. 2009 The 4 billion people who live on less than US$10 a day (primarily in developing countries) represent a food market of about $2.9 trillion per year (Hammond et al. 2007) •17 billion domestic animals •Asset value $1.4 trillion •Employs 1.3 billion people Economic opportunities in the livestock sector
  7. 7. Provides food and nutritional security BUT overconsumption can cause obesity Powers economic development BUT equitable development can be a challenge Improves human health BUT animal-human/emerging diseases and unsafe foods need to be addressed Enhances the environment BUT pollution, land/water degradation, GHG emissions and biodiversity losses must be greatly reduced Opportunities and challenges in the livestock sector
  8. 8. ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward Major opportunities for Africa’s livestock sector
  9. 9. 3 out of 6 of the highest value African commodities are livestock Source: FAOSTAT, 2013
  10. 10. FAO, 2012 Per cent growth in consumption of livestock products between 1995 and 2005
  11. 11. 11 FAO, 2012Based on anticipated change in absolute tonnes of product comparing 2000 and 2030 Percentage growth in demand for livestock products: 2000−2030
  12. 12. Calculated from FAO data (FAOSTAT, 2013) • Production has not keep pace with consumption growth • Thus, Africa expected to continue being a net importer of animal-sourced foods –except we do more • Global trade share: 3% • Intra-regional trade (2009): 10% Africa is a net importer of animal-source foods
  13. 13. • Developing, not developed, countries (Africa significant) • Critical intervention point is smallholder producers • Transforming the sector to meet demand in environmentally sustainable and healthy ways will require: Taking to scale research-based successes in − access to markets technologies (feeds, breeds, health) policies and new institutional and business models Future livestock sector markets and opportunities
  14. 14. Smallholders dominate the livestock sector: Are means to achieving twin goals • Small and medium enterprises dominate the livestock sector (70% of current production) • Small and medium livestock enterprises can be made competitive with large ones – some already are competitive • Attention to the smallholder livestock sector contributes not only to attaining food and nutrition security but also to reducing rural poverty, achieving twin goals
  15. 15. ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward Africa recognizes the importance of agriculture − but livestock are still often under-represented
  16. 16. Africa’s livestock sector is complex Inherent complexities of the livestock sector •Intersects with all other smallholder agricultural production systems •Impinges on key environmental and human health issues •Forces hard trade-offs, such as food, feed or biofuels?
  17. 17. Africa’s agricultural commitments: Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme CAADP seeks to: •Employ agriculture-led growth to achieve MDG1 of halving poverty and hunger by 2015 •Pursue 6% average annual sector growth at national level •Allocate 10% of national budgets to the agriculture sector •Exploit regional complementarities and cooperation to boost growth •Support evidence-based policymaking •Include farmers, agribusiness, civil society in partnerships and alliances
  18. 18. CAADP and the livestock sector • Role of the livestock sector (including the dairy sector) not fully appreciated in original 4 CAADP pillars but later articulated in CAADP Companion Document • Contribution of livestock sector generally downplayed partly due to lack of empirical evidence • Emerging empirical evidence ==> potential contribution of livestock sector is much larger than currently believed • Livestock sector has big potential to contribute to economic growth, poverty reduction and food security
  19. 19. New investments and reforms are needed to take successes to scale
  20. 20. Both investments and reforms are needed in Africa’s livestock sector • Investments as well as policy and institutional reforms that target African livestock markets are needed • These can ensure that the business opportunities generated by the growing demand for animal-sourced foods translate into widespread benefits for the population • Research, development, investment, businesses and farmers themselves need to be better aligned and connected • To meet the growing demand with sustainable African production systems rather than imports, we’re going to have to do things differently
  21. 21. Joint public-private testing of innovations: • Innovative franchise models are providing smallholders with access to agro-vets (‘Sidai’ in Kenya) • New low-cost, pen-side diagnostic tools are providing diagnostics for smallholder settings • New mobile phone systems are helping farmers monitor the health and reproduction of their animals (‘iCow’ in Kenya) • Index-based livestock insurance is reducing risks for pastoralists using banking, insurance and IT from private-sector innovation • East Africa Dairy Development (EADD) project is connecting farmers to service providers and new business opportunities through a hub model Examples of private-public synergies
  22. 22. Acting now, together and coherently, we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector is competitive and sustainable
  23. 23. How can we better position the livestock sector in Africa? Some thoughts • Focus public-sector attention on enabling environments for large and small producers • Support local markets and promote continental trade: The value of the market for livestock products in Africa was US$33 billion in 2006/7 and will be $107 billion by 2050 • Shift from hazard- to risk-based approaches to food safety, market access & trade policies • Link rural infrastructure development to the needs of the agriculture sector • Avoid reckless attempts at ‘leap frogging’ • Strengthen research and delivery services – market access promotes a technology demand
  24. 24. • The global livestock sector is growing rapidly and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future • Major opportunities exist for Africa’s livestock sector • Africa recognizes the central importance of agriculture for development − but livestock are still often under-represented We must change that • Research solutions are needed to transform Africa’s livestock sector • New investments and institutional reforms are also needed to take these successes to scale • Acting now, together and coherently, we can ensure that Africa’s livestock sector is competitive and sustainable Key messages
  25. 25. Thank you
  26. 26. The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. better lives through livestock ilri.org
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×