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Nile Basin livestock-water productivity: A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food, implemented by ILRI
 

Nile Basin livestock-water productivity: A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food, implemented by ILRI

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Presentation prepared by Don Peden for the Nile Basin livestock-water productivity Project in parallel with the APM 2004 session.

Presentation prepared by Don Peden for the Nile Basin livestock-water productivity Project in parallel with the APM 2004 session.

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    Nile Basin livestock-water productivity: A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food, implemented by ILRI Nile Basin livestock-water productivity: A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food, implemented by ILRI Presentation Transcript

    • A project of the Challenge Program on Water and Food Implemented by ILRI Nile Basin Livestock-Water Productivity (APM 2004 – parallel session) T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • What can we and should we do to overcome the widespread view that livestock production is incompatible with sustainable water use?
    • Outline
      • CPWF & the Livestock-water productivity (LWP) project.
      • Livestock-water productivity framework.
      • Questions for discussion:
        • How can we improve and apply the concept?
        • What are the opportunities for collaboration with ILRI’s themes and OPs and the SSA-CP?
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • CPWF Goal & Locations
      • To produce feed for 50% more people.
      • Without use of additional agricultural water.
      • Since agriculture already uses 80% of available water.
      • BENCHMARK RIVER BASINS : NILE , Yellow, Mekong, Limpopo, Volta, Karkheh, Euphrates, Sao Francisco, Indus-Gangetic, Ulua, Andean, Amu Darya
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • Nile Basin partners include :
      • ASARECA – AARNET
      • Ethiopian Rainwater Harvesting Association
      • Uganda Rainwater Harvesting Association
      • Care
      • Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization
      • Sudan Ministry of Science and Technology
      • NARO Uganda – Makerere University
      • FAO – Livestock, Environment & Development Init.
      • International Water Management Institute
      • International Livestock Research Institute
      • Nile Basin Initiative (MOU pending)
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • Livestock in the Nile Basin (Rusk Kruska & Lab 8: Thank you!) Nile Basin
      • Mixed rainfed humid/sub-humid
      PLUS: Urban & peri-urban
      • Livestock grazing semi-arid
      • Mixed rainfed temperate highland
      • Livestock grazing humid/sub-humid
      • Mixed irrigated semi-arid & arid
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004 Where are the production systems?
    • Livestock in the Nile Basin Nile Basin T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • What to we want to achieve?
      • Understanding of livestock use of water & their impact on water resources in the Nile.
      • Improved community management of water and livestock resources.
      • Livestock and water policies to help improve productive use of water in the Nile Basin.
      • Conflict resolution.
      • Increased R&D research capacity in the Nile.
      • Hypothesis :
        • Improved livestock management is essential for effectively increasing Nile water productivity
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • Assessing Livestock-water productivity
      • LWP Definition:
      • Ratio of beneficial outputs to water depleted.
      • Theoretical grounding:
      • Based on IWMI’s water accounting models.
      • Example theoretical ranges in LWP:
      • < 500 to 100,000 litre/kg of beef
      • Significant opportunities to increase LWP
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • Livestock-water productivity (LWP) assessment A V A I L A B L E W A T E R Imported feed Livestock play multiple roles that affect water productivity LWP = ratio of beneficial outputs to depleted water (Transpiration, Evaporation & Discharge) T5-PL01: APM, 2004 Trees Pasture/range Food crops Feed Feed Sourcing DRINK Discharge/flood Ground Ground & soil water recharge Rain Surface In flow Evaporation Degradation Transpiration Animal production Plant production Grazing & watering
    • 4 Key livestock-water productivity issues
      • Water for feed
      • Drinking
      • Degradation
      • Spatial integration
        • Basin synthesis
        • Area-wide integration
        • Integrated River Basin MGT
      T5-PL01: APM, 2004
    • Opportunities for ILRI? T5-PL01: APM, 2004
      • Win-win River Basin policy for allocating water.
      • Community/HH opportunities for poverty reduction.
      • Strategies:
        • Feed sourcing to maximize LWP through effective channeling of water through transpiration.
        • Livestock water and grazing practices to reduce non-beneficial discharge, evaporation and degradation.
      • Linking the LWP project to the SLP and SSA-CP.
      • Build on Nile project in other CPWF basins.
      • Integration of LWP concepts into other ILRI R&D.
      • Link LWP to nutrient management.
    • Operationalizing LWP T5-PL01: APM, 2004
      • The Challenge ahead is to operationalize the assessment of LWP.
      • Your comments, suggestions, and collaboration are very welcome now or after the session.
      Thank you!